Fak. 7 Wirtschaft und Management

513 Items

Recent Submissions
Multi-mode standardisation: A critical review and a research agenda

Wiegmann, Paul Moritz ; de Vries, Henk J. ; Blind, Knut (2017)

Standardisation is key to shaping new technologies and supporting major ongoing trends, such as the increased importance of platforms, developing ‘smart’ technologies and innovating large-scale complex systems. Standardisation plays a key role in shaping the rules that govern these developments and their effects on society. Due to the large variety of actors involved in these trends, the associ...

The impact of standards and regulation on innovation in uncertain markets

Blind, Knut ; Petersen, Sören S. ; Riillo, Cesare A.F. (2017)

This study analyses the impact of formal standards and regulation on firms’ innovation efficiency, considering different levels of market uncertainty. We argue that formal standards and regulation have different effects, depending on the extent of market uncertainty derived from theoretical considerations about information asymmetry and regulatory capture. Our empirical analysis is based on the...

Interactions among Inter-organizational Measures for Green Supply Chain Management

Kang, Moon Jung ; Hwang, Jongwoon (2017)

Collaboration among supply chain partners is essential to enhance environmental performance during the life cycle of a product. Inter-organizational measures for green supply chain management tend to show diverse patterns because of various requirements that emerge in a complex supply chain. However, this diversity hampers the comprehensive understanding and systematic adoption of these measure...

Developing and Standardising Definitions for Research Information: Framework and Methods of Successful Process Documentation

Riechert, Mathias ; Biesenbender, Sophie ; Quix, Christoph (2017)

We present a framework for a transparency-oriented process of developing semantic definitions for research information. The framework is applied to the project “Research Core Dataset” (2013-2015) that provided the context for developing a set of core definitions for research information for the German science system.

Modelling National Research Information Contexts Based on CERIF

Quix, Christoph ; Riechert, Mathias (2017)

We present the results of the data modelling in the project ‘Research Core Dataset’ (2013-2015) that provided the context for developing a set of core definitions for research information for the German science system. In this paper, we focus on the data modelling aspects of the project, whereas another submission focuses on the management of the discussion phase and visualization of the argume...

Gaps and Research Demand for Sustainability Certification and Standardisation in a Sustainable Bio-Based Economy in the EU

Majer, Stefan ; Wurster, Simone ; Moosmann, David ; Ladu, Luana ; Sumfleth, Beike ; Thrän, Daniela (2018-07-13)

The concept of the bio-based economy has gained increasing attention and importance in recent years. It is seen as a chance to reduce the dependency on fossil resources while securing a sustainable supply of energy, water, and raw materials, and furthermore preserving soils, climate and the environment. The intended transformation is characterized by economic, environmental and social challenge...

Exploring Energy Pathways for the Low-Carbon Transformation in India—A Model-Based Analysis

Lawrenz, Linus ; Xiong, Bobby ; Lorenz, Luise ; Krumm, Alexandra ; Hosenfeld, Hans ; Burandt, Thorsten ; Löffler, Konstantin ; Oei, Pao-Yu ; Hirschhausen, Christian von (2018-11-01)

With an increasing expected energy demand and current dominance of coal electrification, India plays a major role in global carbon policies and the future low-carbon transformation. This paper explores three energy pathways for India until 2050 by applying the linear, cost-minimizing, global energy system model (GENeSYS-MOD). The benchmark scenario “limited emissions only” (LEO) is based on amb...

A Theory of Optimal Green Defaults

Meran, Georg ; Schwarze, Reimund (2018-08-16)

This paper develops an analytical framework for studying the Baumol–Oates efficiency of traditional single instrument abatement policies vis-à-vis green defaults in the face of price inertia and passive choice by subpopulations. In this special case of behavioural heterogeneity, command and control approaches can outperform price-based instruments while pure tax/subsidy schemes need to be adjus...

Überbetriebliche Reststoffverwertung und Abwärmenutzung in der Industrie

Franzke, Christoph (2019)

Die Dissertationsschrift untersucht Erfolgsfaktoren der überbetrieblichen Verwertung von Reststoffen und Abwärme in der deutschen Glas-, Metall-, Chemie- und Papierindustrie. Hierdurch soll der langfristige Erfolg der Strategien und die damit einhergehenden Effekte gesichert werden. Insbesondere ein reduzierter Rohmaterialien- und Primärenergieeinsatz, verminderte CO2-Emissionen und die Förderu...

Schätzung der Krankheitslast („Disease burden“) durch infektiöse und nicht-infektiöse Ursachen in Bezug auf Lebensmittel tierischen Ursprungs

Lackner, Julia (2019)

Für viele Einwohner Deutschlands gehören Lebensmittel tierischen Ursprungs zur täglichen Ernährung. Der Genuss dieser Lebensmittel kann jedoch mit potenziellen Gesundheitsrisiken verbunden sein. Ziel dieser Arbeit war es, die attributable Krankheitslast für eine nicht-infektiöse und die infektiöse Lebensmittelkontaminante in Bezug auf tierische Lebensmittel zu schätzen. Dadurch sollte eine Ver...

Health Technology Assessment von Medizinprodukten in Europa

Fuchs, Sabine (2019)

Hintergrund: Health Technology Assessment (HTA) ist eine Schlüsselkomponente zur Unterstützung evidenzbasierter Entscheidungsprozesse und wurde in vielen Ländern vor allem für die Bewertung von Arzneimitteln etabliert. Ein erheblicher Bedarf besteht darin, Strukturen, Prozesse und Methoden für HTA von Medizinprodukten (MP) zu systematisieren, denn die Bewertung von MP kann hierbei andere Heraus...

Bridging the Gaps for a ‘Circular’ Bioeconomy: Selection Criteria, Bio-Based Value Chain and Stakeholder Mapping

Lokesh, Kadambari ; Ladu, Luana ; Summerton, Louise (2018-05-23)

Bio-products and bio-based value chains have been identified as one of the most promising pathways to attaining a resource-efficient circular economy. Such a “valorization and value-addition” approach incorporates an intricate network of processes and actors, contributing to socio-economic growth, environmental benefits and technological advances. In the present age of limited time and funding ...

The Impact of International Management Standards on Academic Research

Pohle, Anna ; Blind, Knut ; Neustroev, Dmitry (2018-12-06)

Management standards serve as an effective knowledge diffusion channel, considering that they offer comprehensive scientific and practical knowledge for many different stakeholders. This research aims to study the potential of management standards to diffuse knowledge, especially within the scientific community. Therefore, it analyzes the relationship between management standards and the academ...

Combatting Antibiotic Resistance Together: How Can We Enlist the Help of Industry?

Edwards, Suzanne E. ; Morel, Chantal M. ; Busse, Reinhard ; Harbarth, Stephan (2018-12-18)

The development of antibiotics needs to be supported through new financial stimuli, including help from the public sector. In exchange for public support, industry should be asked to do what is in their power to help curb the inappropriate use of antibiotics. This work discusses key areas through which industry has an important influence on antibiotic consumption and where agreements can be mad...

Archetypes of Supply Chain Analytics Initiatives—An Exploratory Study

Herden, Tino T. ; Bunzel, Steffen (2018-05-08)

While Big Data and Analytics are arguably rising stars of competitive advantage, their application is often presented and investigated as an overall approach. A plethora of methods and technologies combined with a variety of objectives creates a barrier for managers to decide how to act, while researchers investigating the impact of Analytics oftentimes neglect this complexity when generalizing...

Multimorbidität – eine Herausforderung für europäische Gesundheitssysteme

Struckmann, Verena (2019)

Europe's health systems, like many others worldwide, face the challenge of an increasing number of people being affected by multimorbidity. Multimorbidity is often defined as two or more chronic diseases occurring simultaneously in one person. At present, health systems in Europe are often fragmented and predominantly focused on improving clinical outcomes, which does not meet the needs of mult...

Illustrating the Benefits of Openness: A Large-Scale Spatial Economic Dispatch Model Using the Julia Language

Weibezahn, Jens ; Kendziorski, Mario (2019-03-25)

In this paper we introduce a five-fold approach to open science comprised of open data, open-source software (that is, programming and modeling tools, model code, and numerical solvers), as well as open-access dissemination. The advantages of open energy models are being discussed. A fully open-source bottom-up electricity sector model with high spatial resolution using the Julia programming en...

Combating chronic diseases in Africa

Stephani, Victor (2019)

This dissertation deals with mobile phone-based health interventions (mHealth interventions) against chronic Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) in the poorest region of the world: Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). First, a systematic review of randomized controlled trials in low-income countries was conducted in order to analyze the efficacy of mHealth interventions against NCDs. A 'Realist Review' wa...

The 2010 expansion of activity-based hospital payment in Israel: an evaluation of effects at the ward level

Waitzberg, Ruth ; Quentin, Wilm ; Daniels, Elad ; Perman, Vadim ; Brammli-Greenberg, Shuli ; Busse, Reinhard ; Greenberg, Dan (2019-05-08)

Background: In 2010, Israel intensified its adoption of Procedure-Related Group (PRG) based hospital payments, a local version of DRG (Diagnosis-related group). PRGs were created for certain procedures by clinical fields such as urology, orthopedics, and ophthalmology. Non-procedural hospitalizations and other specific procedures continued to be paid for as per-diems (PD). Whether this payment ...

Amputation rates of the lower limb by amputation level – observational study using German national hospital discharge data from 2005 to 2015

Spoden, Melissa ; Nimptsch, Ulrike ; Mansky, Thomas (2019-01-06)

Background: In international comparisons, rates of amputations of the lower limb are relatively high in Germany. This study aims to analyze trends in lower limb amputations over time, as well as outcomes of care concerning in-hospital mortality and reamputation rates during the same hospital stay which might indicate the quality of surgical and perioperative health care processes. Methods: Thi...