Fak. 7 Wirtschaft und Management

432 Items

Recent Submissions
A systematic review of randomized controlled trials of mHealth interventions against non-communicable diseases in developing countries

Stephani, Victor ; Opoku, Daniel ; Quentin, Wilm (2016-07-15)

Background The reasons of deaths in developing countries are shifting from communicable diseases towards non-communicable diseases (NCDs). At the same time the number of health care interventions using mobile phones (mHealth interventions) is growing rapidly. We review studies assessing the health-related impacts of mHealth on NCDs in low- and middle-income countries (LAMICs). Methods A syst...

Selective enrollment in Disease Management Programs for coronary heart disease in Germany – An analysis based on cross-sectional survey and administrative claims data

Röttger, Julia ; Blümel, Miriam ; Busse, Reinhard (2017-04-04)

Background In 2002, Disease Management Programs (DMPs) were introduced within the German healthcare system with the aim to increase the quality of chronic disease care. Due to the enrollment procedures, it can be assumed a) that only certain patients actively decide to enroll in a DMP and/or b) that only certain patients get the recommendation for DMP enrollment from their physician. How stron...

Is there enough research output of EU projects available to assess and improve health system performance? An attempt to understand and categorise the output of EU projects conducted between 2002 and 2012

Zander, Britta ; Busse, Reinhard (2017-02-22)

Background Adequate performance assessment benefits from the use of disaggregated data to allow a proper evaluation of health systems. Since routinely collected data are usually not disaggregated enough to allow stratified analyses of healthcare needs, utilisation, cost and quality across different sectors, international research projects could fill this gap by exploring means to data collecti...

A realist review of mobile phone-based health interventions for non-communicable disease management in sub-Saharan Africa

Opoku, Daniel ; Stephani, Victor ; Quentin, Wilm (2017-02-06)

Background The prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is increasing in sub-Saharan Africa. At the same time, the use of mobile phones is rising, expanding the opportunities for the implementation of mobile phone-based health (mHealth) interventions. This review aims to understand how, why, for whom, and in what circumstances mHealth interventions against NCDs improve treatment and care...

Non-communicable diseases: mapping research funding organisations, funding mechanisms and research practices in Italy and Germany

Stephani, Victor ; Sommariva, Silvia ; Spranger, Anne ; Ciani, Oriana (2017-10-02)

Background Evidence shows that territorial borders continue to have an impact on research collaboration in Europe. Knowledge of national research structural contexts is therefore crucial to the promotion of Europe-wide policies for research funding. Nevertheless, studies assessing and comparing research systems remain scarce. This paper aims to further the knowledge on national research landsc...

Evidence-based decision-making for diagnostic and therapeutic methods: the changing landscape of assessment approaches in Germany

Olberg, Britta ; Fuchs, Sabine ; Matthias, Katja ; Nolting, Alexandra ; Perleth, Matthias ; Busse, Reinhard (2017-10-17)

This article examines the current status and most important changes over time to the legislative framework on the health technology assessment-informed decision-making process on diagnostic and therapeutic ‘methods’ in Germany. The relevant information was obtained through documentary analysis covering the period 1990 to 2017. The findings show that, even if the outpatient care sector appears t...

Task shifting between physicians and nurses in acute care hospitals: cross-sectional study in nine countries

Maier, Claudia B. ; Köppen, Julia ; Busse, Reinhard (2018-05-25)

Background Countries vary in the extent to which reforms have been implemented expanding nurses’ Scopes-of-Practice (SoP). There is limited cross-country research if and how reforms affect clinical practice, particularly in hospitals. This study analyses health professionals’ perceptions of role change and of task shifting between the medical and nursing professions in nine European countries....

Stroke units, certification, and outcomes in German hospitals: a longitudinal study of patient-based 30-day mortality for 2006–2014

Pross, Christoph ; Berger, Elke ; Siegel, Martin ; Geissler, Alexander ; Busse, Reinhard (2018-11-22)

Background Treatment of stroke patients in stroke units has increased and studies have shown improved outcomes. However, a large share of patients in Germany is still treated in hospitals without stroke unit. The effects of stroke unit service line, and total hospital quality certification on outcomes remain unclear. Methods We employ annual hospital panel data for 1100–1300 German hospitals...

Burnout and safety outcomes - a cross-sectional nationwide survey of EMS-workers in Germany

Baier, Natalie ; Roth, Karsten ; Felgner, Susanne ; Henschke, Cornelia (2018-08-20)

Background The association between burnout and patient safety has been analyzed in many studies for nurses, physicians, and residents. However, studies concerning prehospital emergency medical services (EMS) workers are limited, although they are particularly under risk for emotional stress. This study aims to descriptively analyze the overall degree of burnout among EMS-workers, and potential...

Revisiting out-of-pocket requirements: trends in spending, financial access barriers, and policy in ten high-income countries

Rice, Thomas ; Quentin, Wilm ; Anell, Anders ; Barnes, Andrew J. ; Rosenau, Pauline ; Unruh, Lynn Y. ; van Ginneken, Ewout (2018-05-18)

Background Countries rely on out-of-pocket (OOP) spending to different degrees and employ varying techniques. The article examines trends in OOP spending in ten high-income countries since 2000, and analyzes their relationship to self-assessed barriers to accessing health care services. The countries are Australia, Canada, France, Germany, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, Switzerl...

Self-management of diabetes in Sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review

Stephani, Victor ; Opoku, Daniel ; Beran, David (2018-09-29)

Background The prevalence of diabetes in sub-Saharan Africa has increased rapidly over the last years. Self-management is a key element for the proper management, but strategies are currently lacking in this context. This systematic review aims to describe the level of self-management among persons living with type 2 diabetes mellitus in sub-Saharan Africa. Method Relevant databases includin...

Equality over intentionality: The normative social preferences of neutral third-parties

Bosch-Rosa, Ciril (2018-11-14)

This paper studies whether intentionality is more prevalent than fairness in social preferences. We do this by introducing a new three-player game in which the choices of neutral third-party arbiters are isolated from any monetary or strategic concerns. This allows us to study the normative preferences of subjects, and to compare the relative weight they give to intentions and inequality. The r...

Nutritional epidemiology: new insights for meal analysis

Schwedhelm Ramirez, Carolina (2018)

By retaining the meal structure of repeated non-consecutive 24-hour diet recalls in a sample of 814 adults from an EPIC-Potsdam sub-cohort study, we aimed to investigate the role of meals in the formation of commonly-used habitual dietary patterns, the origin of variance in dietary intake, as well as the relative importance of predictors of intake in the context of meals and individuals. A com...

Investment banks and underpricing

Baltes, Pascal (2018)

After the Internet Bubble in 1999-2000, US investigators found that investment banks have manipulated initial public offerings (IPO) in differing schemes to create higher profits at the cost of investors and issuing firms. One of these schemes included profit sharing agreements in which an investment bank offered underpriced share allocations of rationed IPOs to buy-side investor clients in ret...

Vertical Governance between Airlines and Airports - A Transaction Cost Analysis

Fuhr, Johannes ; Beckers, Thorsten (2006)

With airport privatization and infrastructure expansion projects taking place in the liberalized European air transport market, airport and airline companies are critically reevaluating their vertical governance structures. This paper analyzes the comparative efficiency of vertical governance structures in the airport-airline supply relationship. Using transaction cost economics as the lens of ...

Telling the Truth May Not Pay Off: An Empirical Study of Centralized University Admissions in Germany

Braun, Sebastian ; Dwenger, Nadja ; Kübler, Dorothea (2010)

Matching university places to students is not as clear cut or as straightforward as it ought to be. By investigating the matching algorithm used by the German central clearinghouse for university admissions in medicine and related subjects, we show that a procedure designed to give an advantage to students with excellent school grades actually harms them. The reason is that the three-step proce...

Quality and resource efficiency in hospital service provision: A geoadditive stochastic frontier analysis of stroke quality of care in Germany

Pross, Christoph ; Strumann, Christoph ; Geissler, Alexander ; Herwartz, Helmut ; Klein, Nadja (2018-09-06)

We specify a Bayesian, geoadditive Stochastic Frontier Analysis (SFA) model to assess hospital performance along the dimensions of resources and quality of stroke care in German hospitals. With 1,100 annual observations and data from 2006 to 2013 and risk-adjusted patient volume as output, we introduce a production function that captures quality, resource inputs, hospital inefficiency determina...

3 Essays on art ecommerce in the light of western commercial art markets

Bayer, Katharina (2018)

The past few years have seen a quantum jump in the increase of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) - related innovations and e-businesses primarily embracing in consumer-oriented, web-based electronic commerce (EC) dedicated to selling visual art and collectible items in the western commercial art markets. The Internet medium functions as a novel retail patronage mode, wherein art ob...

Nursing skill mix in European hospitals: cross-sectional study of the association with mortality, patient ratings, and quality of care

Aiken, Linda H. ; Sloane, Douglas ; Griffiths, Peter ; Rafferty, Anne Marie ; Bruyneel, Luk ; McHugh, Matthew ; Maier, Claudia B. ; Moreno-Casbas, Teresa ; Ball, Jane E. ; Ausserhofer, Dietmar ; Sermeus, Walter (2016)

Objectives: To determine the association of hospital nursing skill mix with patient mortality, patient ratings of their care and indicators of quality of care. Design: Cross-sectional patient discharge data, hospital characteristics and nurse and patient survey data were merged and analysed using generalised estimating equations (GEE) and logistic regression models. Setting: Adult acute care ...

The economics of financing and integrating renewable energies

May, Nils Günter (2018)

This dissertation comprises three chapters on the economics of financing and integrating renewable energies and on designing associated support policies. The transition toward carbon-neutral economies requires large-scale investments into renewable energy. The integration of these intermittent renewable energies poses new challenges to power systems designed around dispatchable thermal power pl...