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Main Title: Using a Multi-Proxy Approach to Detect and Date a Buried part of the Hellenistic City Wall of Ainos (NW Turkey)
Author(s): Seeliger, Martin
Pint, Anna
Frenzel, Peter
Weisenseel, Paula
Erkul, Ercan
Wilken, Dennis
Wunderlich, Tina
Başaran, Sait
Bücherl, Heike
Herbrecht, Marina
Rabbel, Wolfgang
Schmidts, Thomas
Szemkus, Nina
Brückner, Helmut
Type: Article
Language Code: en
Abstract: Throughout mankind’s history, the need to secure and protect the home settlement was an essential one. This holds especially true for the city of Ainos (modern Enez) in Turkish Thrace. Due to its continuous settlement history since the 7th/6th century BC, several different types of city walls were built—sometimes even on top of each other—several of which have been preserved over time. To decipher the construction style, the course and the age of a buried city wall segment in the southern part of the former city, a geoscientific multi-proxy approach including magnetic gradiometer (MG) and electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) measurements in combination with granulometrical, sedimentological and microfaunistical investigations on sediment cores was applied. We were able to (1) present reasonable arguments for its Hellenistic age; (2) reveal the course of this wall segment and extrapolate it further north into a less studied area; and (3) demonstrate that in this near-coastal area, the former swampy terrain had been consolidated for constructing the wall. Our multi-proxy approach serves as a valuable example for investigating buried structures in archaeological contexts, avoiding a less-economical, time-consuming, or even forbidden excavation.
Issue Date: 20-Sep-2018
Date Available: 11-Sep-2019
DDC Class: 550 Geowissenschaften
930 Geschichte des Altertums bis ca. 499, Archäologie
Subject(s): foraminifera
coastal geomorphology
geophysical prospections
magnetic gradiometry
electrical resistivity tomography
Sponsor/Funder: DFG, SPP 1630, Häfen von der römischen Kaiserzeit bis zum Mittelalter - Zur Archäologie und Geschichte regionaler und überregionaler Verkehrssysteme
Journal Title: Geosciences
Publisher: MDPI
Publisher Place: Basel
Volume: 8
Issue: 10
Article Number: 357
Publisher DOI: 10.3390/geosciences8100357
EISSN: 2076-3263
Appears in Collections:FG Historische Bauforschung und Baudenkmalpflege » Publications

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