Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dx.doi.org/10.14279/depositonce-9165
|Main Title:||Congestion pricing in a world of self-driving vehicles: An analysis of different strategies in alternative future scenarios|
|Author(s):||Simoni, Michele D.|
Kockelman, Kara M.
Gurumurthy, Krishna M.
|Abstract:||The introduction of autonomous (self-driving) and shared autonomous vehicles (AVs and SAVs) will affect travel destinations and distances, mode choice, and congestion. From a traffic perspective, although some congestion reduction may be achieved (thanks to fewer crashes and tighter headways), car-trip frequencies and vehicle miles traveled (VMT) are likely to rise significantly, reducing the benefits of driverless vehicles. Congestion pricing (CP) and road tolls are key tools for moderating demand and incentivizing more socially and environmentally optimal travel choices. This work develops multiple CP and tolling strategies in alternative future scenarios, and investigates their effects on the Austin, Texas network conditions and traveler welfare, using the agent-based simulation model MATSim. Results suggest that, while all pricing strategies reduce congestion, their social welfare impacts differ in meaningful ways. More complex and advanced strategies perform better in terms of traffic conditions and traveler welfare, depending on the development of the mobility landscape of autonomous driving. The possibility to refund users by reinvesting toll revenues as traveler budgets plays a salient role in the overall efficiency of each CP strategy as well as in the public acceptability.|
|DDC Class:||380 Handel, Kommunikation, Verkehr|
005 Computerprogrammierung, Programme, Daten
shared autonomous vehicles
|Journal Title:||Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies|
|Publisher Place:||Amsterdam [u.a.]|
|Appears in Collections:||FG Verkehrssystemplanung und Verkehrstelematik » Publications|
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