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Main Title: Classification of Eye Fixation Related Potentials for Variable Stimulus Saliency
Author(s): Wenzel, Markus
Golenia, Jan-Eike
Blankertz, Benjamin
Type: Article
Language Code: en
Abstract: Objective: Electroencephalography (EEG) and eye tracking can possibly provide information about which items displayed on the screen are relevant for a person. Exploiting this implicit information promises to enhance various software applications. The specific problem addressed by the present study is that items shown in real applications are typically diverse. Accordingly, the saliency of information, which allows to discriminate between relevant and irrelevant items, varies. As a consequence, recognition can happen in foveal or in peripheral vision, i.e., either before or after the saccade to the item. Accordingly, neural processes related to recognition are expected to occur with a variable latency with respect to the eye movements. The aim was to investigate if relevance estimation based on EEG and eye tracking data is possible despite of the aforementioned variability. Approach:Sixteen subjects performed a search task where the target saliency was varied while the EEG was recorded and the unrestrained eye movements were tracked. Based on the acquired data, it was estimated which of the items displayed were targets and which were distractors in the search task. Results: Target prediction was possible also when the stimulus saliencies were mixed. Information contained in EEG and eye tracking data was found to be complementary and neural signals were captured despite of the unrestricted eye movements. The classification algorithm was able to cope with the experimentally induced variable timing of neural activity related to target recognition. Significance: It was demonstrated how EEG and eye tracking data can provide implicit information about the relevance of items on the screen for potential use in online applications.
Issue Date: 15-Feb-2016
Date Available: 7-Nov-2019
DDC Class: 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
150 Psychologie
Subject(s): EEG
eye tracking
eye fixation related potentials
search task
foveal vision
peripheral vision
single-trial classification
Sponsor/Funder: EC/FP7/611570/EU/Symbiotic Mind Computer Interaction for Information Seeking/MindSee
BMBF, 01GQ0850, Bernstein Fokus Neurotechnologie - Nichtinvasive Neurotechnologie für Mensch-Maschine Interaktion
Journal Title: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Publisher: Frontiers Media S.A.
Publisher Place: Lausanne
Volume: 10
Article Number: 23
Publisher DOI: 10.3389/fnins.2016.00023
EISSN: 1662-453X
Appears in Collections:FG Neurotechnologie » Publications

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