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Main Title: Is the Hyporheic Zone Relevant beyond the Scientific Community?
Author(s): Lewandowski, Jörg
Arnon, Shai
Banks, Eddie
Batelaan, Okke
Betterle, Andrea
Broecker, Tabea
Coll, Claudia
Drummond, Jennifer
Gaona Garcia, Jaime
Galloway, Jason
Gomez-Velez, Jesus
Grabowski, Robert
Herzog, Skuyler
Hinkelmann, Reinhard
Höhne, Anja
Hollender, Juliane
Horn, Marcus
Jaeger, Anna
Krause, Stefan
Löchner Prats, Adrian
Magliozzi, Chiara
Meinikmann, Karin
Mojarrad, Brian
Mueller, Birgit
Peralta-Maraver, Ignacio
Popp, Andrea
Posselt, Malte
Putschew, Anke
Radke, Michael
Raza, Muhammad
Riml, Joakim
Robertson, Anne
Rutere, Cyrus
Schaper, Jonas
Schirmer, Mario
Schulz, Hanna
Shanafield, Margaret
Singh, Tanu
Ward, Adam
Wolke, Philipp
Wörman, Anders
Wu, Liwen
Type: Article
Language Code: en
Abstract: Rivers are important ecosystems under continuous anthropogenic stresses. The hyporheic zone is a ubiquitous, reactive interface between the main channel and its surrounding sediments along the river network. We elaborate on the main physical, biological, and biogeochemical drivers and processes within the hyporheic zone that have been studied by multiple scientific disciplines for almost half a century. These previous efforts have shown that the hyporheic zone is a modulator for most metabolic stream processes and serves as a refuge and habitat for a diverse range of aquatic organisms. It also exerts a major control on river water quality by increasing the contact time with reactive environments, which in turn results in retention and transformation of nutrients, trace organic compounds, fine suspended particles, and microplastics, among others. The paper showcases the critical importance of hyporheic zones, both from a scientific and an applied perspective, and their role in ecosystem services to answer the question of the manuscript title. It identifies major research gaps in our understanding of hyporheic processes. In conclusion, we highlight the potential of hyporheic restoration to efficiently manage and reactivate ecosystem functions and services in river corridors.
Issue Date: 25-Oct-2019
Date Available: 6-Jan-2020
DDC Class: 333 Boden- und Energiewirtschaft
Subject(s): hyporheic zone
hyporheic exchange flow
surface water–groundwater exchange
ecosystem services
nutrient turnover
removal of trace organic compounds
emerging pollutants
self-purification capacity
Sponsor/Funder: EC/H2020/641939/EU/Hyporheic Zone Processes – A training network for enhancing the understanding of complex physical, chemical and biological process interactions/HypoTRAIN
EC/H2020/765553/EU/A EUROpean training and research network for environmental FLOW management in river basins/EUROFLOW
EC/H2020/734317/EU/Smart high-frequency environmental sensor networks for quantifying nonlinear hydrological process dynamics across spatial scales/HiFreq
DFG, GRK 2032, Grenzzonen in urbanen Wassersystemen
Journal Title: Water
Publisher: MDPI
Publisher Place: Basel
Volume: 11
Issue: 11
Article Number: 2230
Publisher DOI: 10.3390/w11112230
EISSN: 2073-4441
Appears in Collections:GRK 2032 - UWI » Publications
FG Wasserwirtschaft und Hydrosystemmodellierung » Publications

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