Institut für Werkzeugmaschinen und Fabrikbetrieb

128 Items

Recent Submissions
Analysing the impacts of various environmental parameters on the biodiversity status of major habitats

Winter, Lisa ; Berger, Markus ; Minkov, Nikolay ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2017)

Anthropogenic impacts on the environment often result in loss of biodiversity. However, the effects of different parameters (such as soil pH) on biodiversity, which can be influenced by human activities, are poorly investigated on a global scale. The paper at hand proposes an approach to examine the relationship between biodiversity and several parameters, which can be anthropogenically influen...

Maturity measurement of knowledge‐intensive business processes

Jochem, Roland ; Geers, Dennis ; Heinze, Priscilla (2011)

Purpose – The methods of quality management, business process management and knowledge management have until now been exploited by science and the industry separately. An integration of these disciplines could unlock the potential of a solid structure to measure and gradually improve knowledge transfer processes. This paper aims to address this issue. Design/methodology/approach – A maturity mo...

Combined influence of ectoine and salt: spectroscopic and numerical evidence for compensating effects on aqueous solutions

Hahn, Marc Benjamin ; Uhlig, Frank ; Solomun, Tihomir ; Smiatek, Jens ; Sturm, Heinz (2016)

Ectoine is an important osmolyte, which allows microorganisms to survive in extreme environmental salinity. The hygroscopic effects of ectoine in pure water can be explained by a strong water binding behavior whereas a study on the effects of ectoine in salty solution is yet missing. We provide Raman spectroscopic evidence that the influence of ectoine and NaCl are opposing and completely indep...

A novel excitation method for pyroshock simulation

Houshmand, Behnam ; Lacher, Alexander ; Juengel, Níkolas ; Prasol, Lukas ; Wagner, Utz von ; Uhlmann, Eckart (2016)

Pyroshocks are structural responses to transient excitation caused by the essential use of pyrotechnic devices in aerospace applications. In order to avoid damage in aerospace structures due to pyroshocks, tests are performed on earth prior to launching space modules. In these tests, explosive loads are often replaced by alternative excitation methods such as hammer pendulums or shakers simulat...

Field of research in sustainable manufacturing

Bonvoisin, Jérémy ; Stark, Rainer ; Seliger, Günther (2017)

Sustainability has raised significant attention in manufacturing research over the last decades and has become a significant driver of the development of innovative technologies and management concepts. The current chapter aims to provide a structured overview of the wide field of research in sustainable manufacturing with a particular focus on manufacturing technology and management. It intend...

Future of business models in manufacturing

Seidel, Johannes ; Barquet, Ana-Paula ; Seliger, Günther ; Kohl, Holger (2017)

In order to achieve systematic change in pursuit of sustainable manufacturing, both a strategic long-term perspective employing methods from future studies and a concrete implementation of the knowledge gained in sustainable business models are necessary. In this chapter, the concepts and exemplary methods for sustainable business model innovation are introduced with a special focus on sustaina...

Sustainability dynamics

Stark, Rainer ; Lindow, Kai (2017)

Value creation ensures societal prosperity. At the same time, Sustainable Development determines the future of global human wellbeing. Both aspects are based on profound environmental, social and economic mechanisms—and both aspects are closely linked. The Sustainability Dynamics Model describes the direct and indirect effects of value creation together with the three dimensions of Sustainable ...

Inducing behavioural change in society through communication and education in sustainable manufacturing

Roeder, Ina ; Wang, Wei Min ; Muschard, Bernd (2017)

The United Nations considers the mobilization of the broad public to be the essential requirement for achieving a shift towards a more sustainable development. Science can play a vital role in Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) by contributing to ESD-related research and development on the one hand, and by becoming active awareness raisers themselves in education and multiplier network...

Life cycle sustainability assessment approaches for manufacturing

Chang, Ya-Ju ; Neugebauer, Sabrina ; Lehmann, Annekatrin ; Scheumann, René ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2017)

Sustainability assessments considering the three dimensions environment, economy, and society are needed to evaluate manufacturing processes and products with regard to their sustainability performance. This chapter focuses on Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment (LCSA), which considers all three sustainability dimensions by combining the three methods life cycle assessment

Material reutilization cycles across industries and production lines

Halstenberg, Friedrich A. ; Steingrímsson, Jón G. ; Stark, Rainer (2017)

The concept of Industrial Symbiosis aims at organizing industrial activity like a living ecosystem where the by-product outputs of one process are used as valuable raw material input for another process. A significant method for the systematic planning of Industrial Symbiosis is found in input–output matching, which is aimed at collecting material input and output data from companies, and using...

Target-driven sustainable product development

Buchert, Tom ; Pförtner, Anne ; Stark, Rainer (2017)

Figuring in sustainability in product development requires a profound understanding of the cause and effect of engineering decisions along the full spectrum of the product lifecycle and the triple bottomline of sustainability. Sustainability design targets can contribute to mitigating the complexity involved, by means of a formalised problem description. This article discusses how sustainabilit...

Sustainable technologies for thick metal plate welding

Sproesser, Gunther ; Chang, Ya-Ju ; Pittner, Andreas ; Finkbeiner, Matthias ; Rethmeier, Michael (2017)

Welding is the most important joining technology. In the steel construction industry, e.g. production of windmill sections, welding accounts for a main part of the manufacturing costs and resource consumption. Moreover, social issues attached to welding involve working in dangerous environments. This aspect has unfortunately been neglected so far, in light of a predominant focus on economics co...

Enabling low-carbon development in poor countries

Steckel, Jan Christoph ; Schwerhoff, Gregor ; Edenhofer, Ottmar (2017)

The challenges associated with achieving sustainable development goals and stabilizing the world’s climate cannot be solved without significant efforts by developing and newly-emerging countries. With respect to climate change mitigation, the main challenge for developing countries lies in avoiding future emissions and lock-ins into emission-intensive technologies, rather than reducing today’s ...

Human-centred automation to simplify the path to social and economic sustainability

Nguyen, The Duy ; Krüger, Jörg (2017)

Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) pose a serious threat to sustainability in manufacturing. In particular, this phenomenon impacts the sustainability indicators of worker health and safety and the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Effective MSD prevention measures would therefore constitute a remarkable contribution to social and economic sustainability. This chapter provides first an outline of exi...

Organisationsentwicklung zur Absicherung neuer Technologien und Geschäftsmodelle in globalen Partnernetzwerken

Dust, Robert ; Ramm, Arne ; Randow, Naya von ; Reinhardt, André ; Trotz, Matthias ; Wilde, Anja ; Behr, Carl-Magnus von ; Eggert, Julius ; Paasch, Robert (2017)

Ein ganzheitliches Qualitätsbewusstsein in den Unternehmen ist ein wesentlicher Erfolgsfaktor für die Zufriedenheit der Kunden und Differenzierung im globalen Wettbewerb. Immer kürzere Technologie- und Innovationszyklen stellen Industrie-, Handels- und Dienstleistungsunternehmen permanent vor neue Herausforderungen. Die Verschmelzung verschiedener Technologien und Branchen führt zu neuen Geschä...

Contribution to the development of technology-enhanced education in manufacturing and energy generation

Palacios Neffke, Jens C. (2017)

In order to revert a global ecological collapse that would jeopardize Earth’s capacity to sustain life, international organizations, such as the United Nations, have stressed the need to improve manufacturing methods and energy generation technologies. However, challenges towards the implementation of these methods and technologies vary according to the perspective. Rich countries need to drast...

Openness assessment of 132 open source hardware products

Bonvoisin, Jérémy (2017-07-06)

This is the raw data set on which the article "What is the source of open source hardware?" to be published in the Journal of Open Hardware under an open access license is based. The abstract of the article is as follows: "What “open source” means once applied to tangible products has been so far exclusively addressed through the light of licensing. While this approach is adapted for software, ...

Contribution to the development of sustainable sanitation in emerging countries

Alnahhal, Samir (2017)

Sanitation is of special concern to the international community, particularly in emerging countries. Lack of sanitation is one of the world's leading causes of disease and child death. Worldwide, current progress on sanitation is not sufficient to meet the target of Millennium Development Goals and the sanitation crisis is expanding. Currently, conventional sanitation approaches, both water-bas...

Herausforderungen und Konzepte für die Großserien-Kraftfahrzeugendmontage der Zukunft

Jesse, Thomas (2017)

In der vorliegenden Arbeit werden Konzepte für die Großserien-Kraftfahrzeugendmontage entwickelt, welche den derzeitigen Stand der Technik in eine wettbewerbsfähige Endmontage der 2020er Jahre überführen sollen. Zunächst wird die Notwendigkeit der Anpassung, resultierend aus Recherchen zu sich ändernden externen, produktseitigen und den Mitarbeiter betreffenden Bedingungen vorgestellt. Sind die...

Sustainable value creation by applying industrial engineering principles and methodologies

Bilge, Pinar (2017)

The world already exhausts its limited resources in economic, environmental and social manner. This limitation forces engineering to handle conflicting goals of technology and management in global value creation networks. As manufacturing determines the ratio between input as resources and output as functionality, the reasonably demanded sustainable value creation utilizes dynamics of competiti...