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Main Title: Structure formation in sugar containing pectin gels - Influence of gel composition and cooling rate on the gelation of non-amidated and amidated low-methoxylated pectin
Author(s): Kastner, Hanna
Einhorn-Stoll, Ulrike
Drusch, Stephan
Type: Article
Abstract: Gel structure formation and gel properties of low-methoxyl pectin (LMP) and low-methoxyl amidated pectin (LMAP) with similar degree of methoxylation have been investigated by oscillatory rheological measurements. The gelling process was examined in a sugar-acid environment matching the conditions in jams and jellies. Factors studied included cooling rate, calcium content and pH. Parameters derived from the rheological measurements comprised the gel point, structuring velocity, initial and critical structuring temperature, average structuring developing rate and loss factor (tanδend). The influence of the cooling rate on the gelling process of LMP was moderate and the influence on the final gel properties was significant, tanδend decreased with increasing cooling rate. The calcium content significantly affected the structuring process of LMAP and the final gel properties. At high calcium content, the gelling process started at a higher temperature but the resulting gels were less strong. The pH had a significant but partly opposite effect on the gelation of LMP as well as LMAP. The differences in gelation behavior between LMP and LMAP can be explained by the lower number of available blocks of free carboxyl groups in LMAP as well as by the formation of additional hydrogen bonds through the amide groups.
Subject(s): pectin
gelling process
cooling rate
Issue Date: 21-Jun-2017
Date Available: 2-Mar-2020
Is Part Of: 10.14279/depositonce-8615
Language Code: en
DDC Class: 664 Lebensmitteltechnologie
Journal Title: Food Hydrocolloids
Publisher: Elsevier
Volume: 73
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.foodhyd.2017.06.023
Page Start: 13
Page End: 20
EISSN: 1873-7137
ISSN: 0268-005X
TU Affiliation(s): Fak. 3 Prozesswissenschaften » Inst. Lebensmitteltechnologie und Lebensmittelchemie » FG Lebensmitteltechnologie und -materialwissenschaften
Appears in Collections:Technische Universität Berlin » Publications

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