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Main Title: Chimera states in networks of Van der Pol oscillators with hierarchical connectivities
Author(s): Ulonska, Stefan
Omelchenko, Iryna
Zakharova, Anna
Schöll, Eckehard
Type: Article
Language Code: en
Abstract: Chimera states are complex spatio-temporal patterns that consist of coexisting domains of coherent and incoherent dynamics. We analyse chimera states in ring networks of Van der Pol oscillators with hierarchical coupling topology. We investigate the stepwise transition from a nonlocal to a hierarchical topology and propose the network clustering coefficient as a measure to establish a link between the existence of chimera states and the compactness of the initial base pattern of a hierarchical topology; we show that a large clustering coefficient promotes the occurrence of chimeras. Depending on the level of hierarchy and base pattern, we obtain chimera states with different numbers of incoherent domains. We investigate the chimera regimes as a function of coupling strength and nonlinearity parameter of the individual oscillators. The analysis of a network with larger base pattern resulting in larger clustering coefficient reveals two different types of chimera states and highlights the increasing role of amplitude dynamics. Chimera states are an example of intriguing partial synchronization patterns appearing in networks of identical oscillators. They exhibit a hybrid structure combining coexisting spatial domains of coherent (synchronized) and incoherent (desynchronized) dynamics.1,2 Recent studies have demonstrated the emergence of chimera states in a variety of topologies and for different types of individual dynamics. In this paper, we analyze chimera states in networks with complex coupling topologies arising in neuroscience. We provide a systematic analysis of the transition from nonlocal to hierarchical (quasi-fractal) connectivities in ring networks of identical Van der Pol oscillators and use the clustering coefficient and the symmetry properties to classify different topologies with respect to the occurrence of chimera states. We show that symmetric connectivities with large clustering coefficients promote the emergence of chimera states, while they are suppressed by slight topological asymmetries or small clustering coefficient.
Issue Date: 22-Sep-2016
Date Available: 6-Mar-2020
DDC Class: 530 Physik
Subject(s): chimera states
Van der Pol oscillators
coupling topology
clustering coefficient
Sponsor/Funder: DFG, 163436311, SFB 910: Kontrolle selbstorganisierender nichtlinearer Systeme: Theoretische Methoden und Anwendungskonzepte
Journal Title: Chaos: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science
Publisher: American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Publisher Place: Melville, NY
Volume: 26
Issue: 9
Article Number: 094825
Publisher DOI: 10.1063/1.4962913
EISSN: 1089-7682
ISSN: 1054-1500
Notes: This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and AIP Publishing. This article appeared in Chaos 26, 094825 (2016) and may be found at
Appears in Collections:FG Nichtlineare Dynamik und Kontrolle » Publications

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