Fak. 7 Wirtschaft und Management

526 Items

Recent Submissions
Entrepreneurship Education and Sustainable Development Goals: A literature Review and a Closer Look at Fragile States and Technology-Enabled Approaches

Rashid, Lubna (2019-09-27)

Entrepreneurship has the potential to reduce poverty, stimulate economic growth and boost innovation, in addition to enhancing social and environmental sustainability. In accordance with the human capital theory and previous empirical studies, it is assumed that entrepreneurship education and training (EET) directly correlates with positive entrepreneurial outcomes and therefore sustainable dev...

Creating innovation incentives through environmental policies

Zipperer, Vera (2019)

Environmental policies are often considered as burden to firms as these face additional costs in order to comply with the regulations. However, by adapting to new regulatory frameworks, firms might reconsider their previous production processes and thereby reap additional gains, e.g. in terms of productivity through resource reallocation within the firm, or enhanced innovation activity. In four...

Making the implicit explicit: A look inside the implicit discount rate

Schleich, Joachim ; Gassmann, Xavier ; Faure, Corinne ; Meissner, Thomas (2016-07-30)

Implicit discount rates (IDRs) are employed in energy models to capture household investment decisions, yet the factors behind the IDR and their respective implications for policy-making usually remain blurred and fractional. The proposed comprehensive framework distinguishes three broad categories of factors underlying the IDR for household adoption of energy-efficient technologies (EETs): pre...

Predicting the future of additive manufacturing: A Delphi study on economic and societal implications of 3D printing for 2030

Jiang, Ruth ; Kleer, Robin ; Piller, Frank T. (2017)

Additive manufacturing (colloquially: 3D printing) is a highly discussed topic. Previous research has argued that this technology not only has profound effects on manufacturing businesses but also on society, which demands new corporate strategies and policies alike. Thus, the development of reliable future scenarios is key for strategic planning and decision making as well as for future resear...

The characteristics and impacts of scientific publications in biotechnology research referenced in standards

Raven, Michael ; Blind, Knut (2017)

The integration of research papers in standards has not yet been addressed using quantitative approaches. This paper investigates the characteristics of research articles on biotechnology related to standards. The analysis is based on a study of standards produced by the standardization consortia BioSharing. Research, i.e. scientific articles, included in standards is more likely to lead to fol...

The power of sunspots: An experimental analysis

Fehr, Dietmar ; Heinemann, Frank ; Llorente-Saguer, Aniol (2018-08-23)

In an experiment using a coordination game with extrinsic random signals (“sunspots”), we systematically vary the stochastic process generating these signals and measure how signals affect behavior. We find that sunspot equilibria emerge naturally with salient public signals. However, highly correlated private signals can also lead to sunspot-driven behavior, even when this is not an equilibriu...

Experiments in macroeconomics: methods and applications

Cornand, Camille ; Heinemann, Frank (2019-07-26)

This chapter lays out in what ways laboratory experiments can be useful for macroeconomics and discusses some of the methods used in such experiments. Among the main advantages are: bench-testing of alternative policies, capturing strategic uncertainty and biases from standard preferences or Bayesian updating, and accounting for heterogeneity in agents’ expectations and behavior. It is explaine...

Macroeconomic experiments

Heinemann, Frank ; Noussair, Charles (2015-11-09)

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to introduce the upcoming symposium on experimental macroeconomics in the November issue. Design/methodology/approach: Experimental, survey of articles in the symposium. Findings: The paper describes how experiments can be used in macroeconomics. Originality/value: The paper discusses the rationale for using behavioral experiments in macroeconomics, and ...

Limited higher order beliefs and the welfare effects of public information

Cornand, Camille ; Heinemann, Frank (2015-11-09)

Purpose: In games with strategic complementarities, public information about the state of the world has a larger impact on equilibrium actions than private information of the same precision, because the former is more informative about the likely behavior of others. This may lead to welfare-reducing “overreactions” to public signals as shown by Morris and Shin (2002). Recent experiments on game...

Effect of corruption on perceived difficulties in healthcare access in sub-Saharan Africa

Hsiao, Amber ; Vogt, Verena ; Quentin, Wilm (2019-08-21)

Background Achieving Universal Health Coverage (UHC) by improving financial protection and effective service coverage is target 3.8 of the Sustainable Development Goals. Little is known, however, about the extent to which paying bribes within healthcare acts as a financial barrier to access and, thus, UHC. Methods Using survey data in adults from 32 sub-Saharan African countries in 2014–2015...

G-IQI – German Inpatient Quality Indicators. Version 5.2

Nimptsch, Ulrike ; Mansky, Thomas (2019)

Die German Inpatient Quality Indicators (G-IQI) sind derzeit das umfassendste, auf Krankenhausabrechnungsdaten beruhende Indikatorensystem zur krankheitsspezifischen Abbildung des stationären Leistungsgeschehens in Akutkrankenhäusern. Die Indikatoren sind einerseits konzipiert, um soweit wie möglich medizinisch sinnvoll strukturierte Leistungskennzahlen und Behandlungsergebnisse auch für extern...

Neural mechanisms mediating degrees of strategic uncertainty

Nagel, Rosemarie ; Brovelli, Andrea ; Heinemann, Frank ; Coricelli, Giorgio (2018-01)

In social interactions, strategic uncertainty arises when the outcome of one’s choice depends on the choices of others. An important question is whether strategic uncertainty can be resolved by assessing subjective probabilities to the counterparts’ behavior, as if playing against nature, and thus transforming the strategic interaction into a risky (individual) situation. By means of functional...

Monetary policy obeying the Taylor principle turns prices into strategic substitutes

Cornand, Camille ; Heinemann, Frank (2019-11-01)

Monetary policy affects the degree of strategic complementarity in firms’ pricing decisions if it responds to the aggregate price level. In normal times, when monopolistic competitive firms increase their prices, the central bank raises interest rates, which lowers demand and creates an incentive for firms to reduce their prices. Thereby, monetary policy reduces the degree of strategic compleme...

Multi-mode standardisation: A critical review and a research agenda

Wiegmann, Paul Moritz ; de Vries, Henk J. ; Blind, Knut (2017)

Standardisation is key to shaping new technologies and supporting major ongoing trends, such as the increased importance of platforms, developing ‘smart’ technologies and innovating large-scale complex systems. Standardisation plays a key role in shaping the rules that govern these developments and their effects on society. Due to the large variety of actors involved in these trends, the associ...

The impact of standards and regulation on innovation in uncertain markets

Blind, Knut ; Petersen, Sören S. ; Riillo, Cesare A.F. (2017)

This study analyses the impact of formal standards and regulation on firms’ innovation efficiency, considering different levels of market uncertainty. We argue that formal standards and regulation have different effects, depending on the extent of market uncertainty derived from theoretical considerations about information asymmetry and regulatory capture. Our empirical analysis is based on the...

Interactions among Inter-organizational Measures for Green Supply Chain Management

Kang, Moon Jung ; Hwang, Jongwoon (2017)

Collaboration among supply chain partners is essential to enhance environmental performance during the life cycle of a product. Inter-organizational measures for green supply chain management tend to show diverse patterns because of various requirements that emerge in a complex supply chain. However, this diversity hampers the comprehensive understanding and systematic adoption of these measure...

Developing and Standardising Definitions for Research Information: Framework and Methods of Successful Process Documentation

Riechert, Mathias ; Biesenbender, Sophie ; Quix, Christoph (2017)

We present a framework for a transparency-oriented process of developing semantic definitions for research information. The framework is applied to the project “Research Core Dataset” (2013-2015) that provided the context for developing a set of core definitions for research information for the German science system.

Modelling National Research Information Contexts Based on CERIF

Quix, Christoph ; Riechert, Mathias (2017)

We present the results of the data modelling in the project ‘Research Core Dataset’ (2013-2015) that provided the context for developing a set of core definitions for research information for the German science system. In this paper, we focus on the data modelling aspects of the project, whereas another submission focuses on the management of the discussion phase and visualization of the argume...

Gaps and Research Demand for Sustainability Certification and Standardisation in a Sustainable Bio-Based Economy in the EU

Majer, Stefan ; Wurster, Simone ; Moosmann, David ; Ladu, Luana ; Sumfleth, Beike ; Thrän, Daniela (2018-07-13)

The concept of the bio-based economy has gained increasing attention and importance in recent years. It is seen as a chance to reduce the dependency on fossil resources while securing a sustainable supply of energy, water, and raw materials, and furthermore preserving soils, climate and the environment. The intended transformation is characterized by economic, environmental and social challenge...

Exploring Energy Pathways for the Low-Carbon Transformation in India—A Model-Based Analysis

Lawrenz, Linus ; Xiong, Bobby ; Lorenz, Luise ; Krumm, Alexandra ; Hosenfeld, Hans ; Burandt, Thorsten ; Löffler, Konstantin ; Oei, Pao-Yu ; Hirschhausen, Christian von (2018-11-01)

With an increasing expected energy demand and current dominance of coal electrification, India plays a major role in global carbon policies and the future low-carbon transformation. This paper explores three energy pathways for India until 2050 by applying the linear, cost-minimizing, global energy system model (GENeSYS-MOD). The benchmark scenario “limited emissions only” (LEO) is based on amb...