FG Sustainability Economics of Human Settlements

6 Items

Recent Submissions
A counterview to Lancet’s Editorial “India's COVID-19 emergency”, published on May 8, 2021

Sethi, Mahendra (2021-05)

Recently, Lancet published an editorial, “India's COVID-19 emergency”. An editorial is entitled to be opinionated, but it is expected to be based on nuanced analysis of scientific facts than merely towing to a popular media narrative. Having been tracking COVID-19 in urban centres and being on ground zero during India’s intra-wave period, I notice several inaccuracies and inconsistencies here. ...

Fair street space allocation: ethical principles and empirical insights

Creutzig, Felix ; Javaid, Aneeque ; Soomauroo, Zakia ; Lohrey, Steffen ; Milojevic-Dupont, Nikola ; Ramakrishnan, Anjali ; Sethi, Mahendra ; Liu, Lijing ; Niamir, Leila ; Bren d’Amour, Christopher ; Weddige, Ulf ; Lenzi, Dominic ; Kowarsch, Martin ; Arndt, Luisa ; Baumann, Lulzim ; Betzien, Jody ; Fonkwa, Lesly ; Huber, Bettina ; Mendez, Ernesto ; Misiou, Alexandra ; Pearce, Cameron ; Radman, Paula ; Skaloud, Paul ; Zausch, J. Marco (2020-05-18)

Urban street space is increasingly contested. However, it is unclear what a fair street space allocation would look like. We develop a framework of ten ethical principles and three normative perspectives on street space – streets for transport, streets for sustainability, and streets as place – and discuss 14 derived street space allocation mechanisms. We contrast these ethically grounded alloc...

Machine learning for geographically differentiated climate change mitigation in urban areas

Milojevic-Dupont, Nikola ; Creutzig, Felix (2020-10-10)

Artificial intelligence and machine learning are transforming scientific disciplines, but their full potential for climate change mitigation remains elusive. Here, we conduct a systematic review of applied machine learning studies that are of relevance for climate change mitigation, focusing specifically on the fields of remote sensing, urban transportation, and buildings. The relevant body of ...

Learning from urban form to predict building heights

Milojevic-Dupont, Nikola ; Hans, Nicolai ; Kaack, Lynn H. ; Zumwald, Marius ; Andrieux, François ; de Barros Soares, Daniel ; Lohrey, Steffen ; Pichler, Peter-Paul ; Creutzig, Felix (2020-12-09)

Understanding cities as complex systems, sustainable urban planning depends on reliable high-resolution data, for example of the building stock to upscale region-wide retrofit policies. For some cities and regions, these data exist in detailed 3D models based on real-world measurements. However, they are still expensive to build and maintain, a significant challenge, especially for small and me...

The mutual dependence of negative emission technologies and energy systems

Creutzig, Felix ; Breyer, Christian ; Hilaire, Jérôme ; Minx, Jan ; Peters, Glen P. ; Socolow, Robert (2019-02-28)

While a rapid decommissioning of fossil fuel technologies deserves priority, most climate stabilization scenarios suggest that negative emission technologies (NETs) are required to keep global warming well below 2 °C. Yet, current discussions on NETs are lacking a distinct energy perspective. Prominent NETs, such as bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS) and direct air carbon capture...

Unique Opportunities of Island States to Transition to a Low-Carbon Mobility System

Soomauroo, Zakia ; Blechinger, Philipp ; Creutzig, Felix (2020-02-14)

Small islands developing states (SIDS) contribute minuscule proportions to global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and energy consumption, but are highly exposed to climate change impacts, in particular to extreme weather events and sea-level rise. However, there is little research on potential decarbonization trajectories unique to SIDS. Here, we argue that insular topology, scale, and economy a...