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Main Title: Hierarchical levels of organization of the Brazil nut mesocarp
Author(s): Sonego, Marilia
Fleck, Claudia
Pessan, Luiz Antonio
Type: Article
Language Code: en
Abstract: Aiming to understand Nature´s strategies that inspire new composite materials, the hierarchical levels of organization of the Brazil nut (Bertholletia excelsa) mesocarp were investigated. Optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), microtomography (MicroCT) and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) were used to deeply describe the cellular and fibrillary levels of organization. The mesocarp is the middle layer of the fruit which has developed several strategies to avoid its opening and protect its seed. Fibers have a different orientation in the three layers of the mesocarp, what reduces the anisotropy of the structure. Sclereids cells with thick cell walls fill the spaces between the fibers resembling a foam-filled structural composite. The mesocarp has several tubular channels and fractured surfaces which may work as sites for crack trapping and increase toughness. The thick and lignified cell wall of sclereids and fibers and the weak interface between cells can promote a longer and tortuous intercellular crack path. Additionally, fibers with high strength and stiffness due to microfibrils oriented along the main cell axis (µ = 0° to 17°) were identified in the innermost layer of the mesocarp. Such an understanding of each hierarchical level can inspire the development of new cellular composites with improved mechanical behavior
Issue Date: 22-Apr-2020
Date Available: 8-Sep-2020
DDC Class: 500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik
600 Technik, Technologie
Subject(s): hierarchical level
level of organization
brazil nuts
bertholletia excelsa
mesocarp layer
Sponsor/Funder: DFG, 414044773, Open Access Publizieren 2019 - 2020 / Technische Universität Berlin
Journal Title: Scientific Reports
Publisher: Springer Nature
Publisher Place: London
Volume: 10
Article Number: 6786
Publisher DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-62245-y
EISSN: 2045-2322
Appears in Collections:FG Werkstofftechnik » Publications

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