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Main Title: Adjoint-based optimisation of detonation initiation by a focusing shock wave
Author(s): Bengoechea, Sergio
Reiss, Julius
Lemke, Mathias
Sesterhenn, Jörn
Type: Article
Abstract: An optimisation study of a shock-wave-focusing geometry is presented in this work. The configuration serves as a reliable and deterministic detonation initiator in a pulsed detonation engine. The combustion chamber consists of a circular pipe with one convergent–divergent axisymmetric nozzle, acting as a focusing device for an incoming shock wave. Geometrical changes are proposed to reduce the minimum shock wave strength necessary for a successful detonation initiation. For that purpose, the adjoint approach is applied. The sensitivity of the initiation to flow variations delivered by this method is used to reshape the obstacle’s form. The thermodynamics is described by a higher-order temperature-dependent polynomial, avoiding the large errors of the constant adiabatic exponent assumption. The chemical reaction of stoichiometric premixed hydrogen-air is modelled by means of a one-step kinetics with a variable pre-exponential factor. This factor is adapted to reproduce the induction time of a complex kinetics model. The optimisation results in a 5% decrease of the incident shock wave threshold for the successful detonation initiation.
Subject(s): detonation initiation
shock-to-detonation transition
shock focusing
adjoint method
Issue Date: 25-Mar-2021
Date Available: 8-Apr-2021
Language Code: en
DDC Class: 530 Physik
Sponsor/Funder: TU Berlin, Open-Access-Mittel – 2020
DFG, 200291049, SFB 1029: TurbIn - Signifikante Wirkungsgradsteigerung durch gezielte, interagierende Verbrennungs- und Strömungsinstationaritäten in Gasturbinen
Journal Title: Shock Waves
Publisher: SpringerNature
Publisher DOI: 10.1007/s00193-020-00973-w
EISSN: 1432-2153
ISSN: 0938-1287
TU Affiliation(s): Fak. 5 Verkehrs- und Maschinensysteme » Inst. Strömungsmechanik und Technische Akustik (ISTA) » FG Numerische Fluiddynamik
Appears in Collections:Technische Universität Berlin » Publications

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