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Main Title: Global morphology of ionospheric sporadic E layer from the FormoSat-3/COSMIC GPS radio occultation experiment
Author(s): Tsai, Lung-Chih
Su, Shin-Yi
Liu, Chao-Han
Schuh, Harald
Wickert, Jens
Alizadeh, Mohamad Mahdi
Type: Article
Abstract: Ionospheric sporadic-E (Es) activity and global morphology were studied using the 50 Hz signal-to-noise ratio amplitude and excess phase measurements from the FormoSat-3/Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere and Climate (FS3/COSMIC) GPS radio occultation (RO) observations. The results are presented for data collected during the last sunspot cycle from mid-2006 to the end of 2017. The FS3/COSMIC generally performed more than 1000 complete E-region GPS RO observations per day, which were used to retrieve normalized L1-band amplitude standard deviation (SDL1) and relative electron density (Ne) profiles successfully. More or less 31% of those observations were identified as Es events based on SDL1 and peak SDL1 altitude criteria. We found that the peak Es-event i values are approximately proportional to the logarithms of the corresponding peak Ne differences. Five major geographical zones were identified, in which the seasonal and diurnal Es occurrence patterns are markedly different. These five zones include the geomagnetic equatorial zone (− 5° < magnetic latitude (ML) < 5°), two extended geomagnetic mid-latitude zones (15° < ML < 55°, and − 55° < ML < − 15°), and two auroral zones (70° < ML, and ML < − 70°). The Es climatology, namely its variations with each identified zone, altitude, season, and local time has been documented.
Subject(s): ionospheric Es layer
radio occultation observation
ionospheric irregularity
Issue Date: 12-Sep-2018
Date Available: 16-Apr-2021
Language Code: en
DDC Class: 550 Geowissenschaften
Journal Title: GPS Solutions
Publisher: Springer
Volume: 22
Article Number: 118
Publisher DOI: 10.1007/s10291-018-0782-2
EISSN: 1521-1886
ISSN: 1080-5370
TU Affiliation(s): Fak. 6 Planen Bauen Umwelt » Inst. Geodäsie und Geoinformationstechnik » FG Satellitengeodäsie
Appears in Collections:Technische Universität Berlin » Publications

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