Inst. Landschaftsarchitektur und Umweltplanung

129 Items

Recent Submissions
The impact of high-end climate change on agricultural welfare

Stevanović, Miodrag ; Popp, A. ; Lotze-Campen, H. ; Dietrich, J. P. ; Müller, C. ; Bonsch, Markus ; Schmitz, C. ; Bodirsky, B. L. ; Humpenöder, Florian ; Weindl, I. (2016)

Climate change threatens agricultural productivity worldwide, resulting in higher food prices. Associated economic gains and losses differ not only by region but also between producers and consumers and are affected by market dynamics. On the basis of an impact modeling chain, starting with 19 different climate projections that drive plant biophysical process simulations and ending with agro-ec...

The grass is always greener on the other side

Odparlik, Lisa Friederike ; Köppel, Johann ; Geißler, Gesa (2013)

Erfolgreiche Öffentlichkeitsbeteiligung braucht Information. Dennoch wird der Aspekt der adäquaten Informationsbereitstellung im Kontext der Umweltprüfungen in Deutschland noch wenig diskutiert. Aus demokratietheoretischer Sicht geht es dabei nicht nur um die Verfügbarkeit und leichte Auffindbarkeit von Dokumenten, Informationen und Verfahrensunterlagen. Auch Aspekte wie eine angemessene Bekann...

Die Interaktivität von Raum informeller Siedlungen

Wieck, Kathrin (2018)

Urbane Informalität ist ein deutlicher Ausdruck der Transformationsprozesse städtischer Räume unter globalen Urbanisierungsbedingungen. Sie stellt sich insbesondere in den Megastädten des globalen Südens als Überlebenskampf der sozial und ökonomisch Benachteiligten, aber auch als enge Verflochtenheit mit den urbanen Entwicklungsprozessen dar. Informelle Siedlungen sind von Armut, Unsicherheit u...

Monitoring of Calcite precipitation in hardwater lakes with multi-spectral remote sensing archives

Heine, Iris Elisabeth ; Brauer, Achim ; Heim, Birgit ; Itzerott, Sibylle ; Kasprzak, Peter ; Kienel, Ulrike ; Kleinschmit, Birgit (2017)

Calcite precipitation is a common phenomenon in calcium-rich hardwater lakes during spring and summer, but the number and spatial distribution of lakes with calcite precipitation is unknown. This paper presents a remote sensing based method to observe calcite precipitation over large areas, which are an important prerequisite for a systematic monitoring and evaluation of restoration measurement...

Reconstruction of lake level changes of groundwater-fed lakes in Northeastern Germany using RapidEye time series

Heine, Iris Elisabeth ; Stüve, Peter ; Kleinschmit, Birgit ; Itzerott, Sibylle (2015)

Groundwater-fed lakes in northeastern Germany are characterized by significant lake level changes, but for only a few lakes are in situ water level measurements available. In this study, we test the potential of RapidEye satellite images for indirectly reconstructing lake level changes. The lake levels are derived by intersecting water-land borders with a high-resolution digital elevation model...

Die Umweltverträglichkeitsprüfung (UVP) in Syrien

Elsaleh, Abdelrahman (2017)

Syrien ist ein Land, das viele politische und wirtschaftliche Veränderungen (insb. in der künftigen Wiederaufbauphase) erlebt. Relevant sind sicherlich zahlreiche Umweltfragen und -herausforderungen. Somit sind Prüfungen verfügbarer Umweltvorsorge- bzw. Umweltschutzinstrumente und deren Effektivität von größter Bedeutung. Die UVP wurde in Syrien in der ersten Hälfte der 90er-Jahre eingeführt, d...

Institutional and fiscal policies for forest conservation

Wehkamp, Johanna (2017)

Tropical deforestation contributes to climate change and entails further environmental externalities such as biodiversity loss and soil erosion. Consequently, the preservation of the world’s remaining tropical forests is the objective of international and national policies. Preventing deforestation requires identifying the structural causes of deforestation. Reforms of political institutions a...

Infrastructure and inequality: insights from incorporating key economic facts about household heterogeneity

Klenert, David ; Mattauch, Linus ; Edenhofer, Ottmar ; Lessmann, Kai (2016)

We study the impacts of investment in public capital on equity and efficiency. Taking into account stylized facts on wealth accumulation, we model agent heterogeneity through differences in saving behavior, income source and time preference. We find that in the long run, public investment is Pareto-improving and that it reduces inequality in wealth, welfare, and income at the same time, if it i...

Could resource rents finance universal access to infrastructure? A first exploration of needs and rents

Fuss, Sabine ; Chen, Claudine ; Jakob, Michael ; Marxen, Annika ; Rao, Narasimha D. ; Edenhofer, Ottmar (2016)

It is often argued that, ethically, resource rents should accrue to all citizens. Yet, in reality, the rents from exploiting national resources are often concentrated in the hands of a few. If resource rents were to be taxed, on the other hand, substantial amounts of public money could be raised and used to cover the population's infrastructure needs, such as access to electricity, water, sanit...

At the frontiers of integrated assessment of climate change

Schultes, Anselm Johannes (2017)

Integrated Assessment Modeling is the prevailing paradigm for the assessment of climate change impacts, mitigation policies, and transformation pathways. Model results were a decisive impulse for the international community to commit itself to stabilize global warming at well below 2° C temperature rise. However, climate policies in place or pledged as of 2015 fall short of what science finds a...

Long-term monitoring of lakes in the northern central European lowlands using optical and radar remote sensing imagery

Heine, Iris Elisabeth (2017)

The glacial landscape of the northern Central European lowlands in Germany and Poland is characterized by a large number of lakes. These lakes fulfill important ecosystem services, however, they are sensitive to climate change, land use changes, and human impact. Very few of them are regularly monitored in situ. This thesis tests the potential of remote sensing imagery for the long-term monitor...

Efficiency and utility

Mann, Stefan ; Wüstemann, Henry (2010)

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to develop the argument that the link between efficiency and utility was strongest in the twentieth century. This would not only explain the growing focus on efficiency in the past, but also suggest that the importance of efficiency in society is set to decrease from now on. Design/methodology/approach: The two arguments in support of the claim were: first,...

Potential of remote sensing to predict species invasions: a modelling perspective

Rocchini, Duccio ; Andreo, Veronica ; Förster, Michael ; Garzon-Lopez, Carol Ximena ; Gutierrez, Andrew Paul ; Gillespie, Thomas W. ; Hauffe, Heidi C. ; He, Kate S. ; Kleinschmit, Birgit ; Mairota, Paola ; Marcantonio, Matteo ; Metz, Markus ; Nagendra, Harini ; Pareeth, Sajid ; Ponti, Luigi ; Ricotta, Carlo ; Rizzoli, Annapaola ; Schaab, Gertrud ; Zebisch, Marc ; Zorer, Roberto ; Neteler, Markus (2015)

Understanding the causes and effects of species invasions is a priority in ecology and conservation biology. One of the crucial steps in evaluating the impact of invasive species is to map changes in their actual and potential distribution and relative abundance across a wide region over an appropriate time span. While direct and indirect remote sensing approaches have long been used to assess ...

Impediments, incentives and interrelations with other objectives

Zimmer, Anne Karina (2017)

The Paris Agreement on climate change mitigation – celebrated as a historic breakthrough – relies on the voluntary implementation of adequate climate policy measures on the national and sub-national levels. The compliance with mitigation pledges will crucially depend on the interplay of different incentives and political realities in the emitting countries. It is therefore of fundamental import...

Gehölze in historischen Gärten im Klimawandel

(2017)

Der klimatische Wandel stellt vielfältige und neuartige Anforderungen an die praktische Gartendenkmalpflege. Dahinter verbergen sich eine Anzahl von Themen und Fragestellungen, die von naturwissenschaftlichen und kunsthistorischen bis zu ökonomischen und gärtnerischen Aspekten reichen: zukünftige Klimaszenarien für die historischen Gärten, ökologisch fundierte Pflegestrategien, Klimaadaption de...

Direct and indirect climate change impacts in the land-use sector

Stevanović, Miodrag (2017)

Rapid exploitation of fossil resources has resulted in a massive release of greenhouse gases (GHG) into the atmosphere. This anthropogenic perturbation of the complex climate system could result in a change of global climate patterns unprecedented in the past millennium. As such, further climatic change poses a serious threat to a broad range of natural systems and economic sectors. The land-us...

Spatial nature conservation monitoring on the basis of ecological gradients using imaging spectroscopy

Neumann, Carsten (2017)

Ecosystem conservation and ecological restoration such as the preservation of species and habitat diversity have become recognized as an important ambition for an intentional anthropogenic exertion of influence worldwide. On that account, internationally acknow­ledged conservation targets are defined and realized over habitat management measures in designated protected area networks. By this me...

Few-layer antimonene by liquid-phase exfoliation

Gibaja, Carlos ; Rodriguez-San-Miguel, David ; Ares, Pablo ; Gómez-Herrero, Julio ; Varela, Maria ; Gillen, Roland ; Maultzsch, Janina ; Hauke, Frank ; Hirsch, Andreas ; Abellán, Gonzalo ; Zamora, Félix (2016)

We report on a fast and simple method to produce highly stable isopropanol/water (4:1) suspensions of few-layer antimonene by liquid-phase exfoliation of antimony crystals in a process that is assisted by sonication but does not require the addition of any surfactant. This straightforward method generates dispersions of few-layer antimonene suitable for on-surface isolation. Analysis by atomic ...

From Targets to Action

Knopf, Brigitte ; Fuss, Sabine ; Hansen, Gerrit ; Creutzig, Felix ; Minx, Jan ; Edenhofer, Ottmar (2017)

At the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris in 2015 ambitious targets for responding to the threat of climate change have been set: limiting global temperature increase to “well below 2 °C […] and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 °C”. However, calculating the CO2 budget for 1.5 °C, it becomes clear that there is nearly no room left for future emissions. Sc...

Challenges of the Energiewende from a policy analysis perspective

Joas, Fabian (2017)

Germany is currently restructuring its energy system, an endeavor its chancellor, Angela Merkel, called the project of the century. This Energiewende has moved into rough waters in recent years. The relatively high and rapidly growing shares of fluctuating renewable energy sources (mainly wind and photovoltaic) have led to numerous technical and socio-economic challenges. The unclear and someti...