Institut für Landschaftsarchitektur und Umweltplanung

119 Items

Recent Submissions
At the frontiers of integrated assessment of climate change

Schultes, Anselm Johannes (2017)

Integrated Assessment Modeling is the prevailing paradigm for the assessment of climate change impacts, mitigation policies, and transformation pathways. Model results were a decisive impulse for the international community to commit itself to stabilize global warming at well below 2° C temperature rise. However, climate policies in place or pledged as of 2015 fall short of what science finds a...

Long-term monitoring of lakes in the northern central European lowlands using optical and radar remote sensing imagery

Heine, Iris Elisabeth (2017)

The glacial landscape of the northern Central European lowlands in Germany and Poland is characterized by a large number of lakes. These lakes fulfill important ecosystem services, however, they are sensitive to climate change, land use changes, and human impact. Very few of them are regularly monitored in situ. This thesis tests the potential of remote sensing imagery for the long-term monitor...

Efficiency and utility

Mann, Stefan ; Wüstemann, Henry (2010)

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to develop the argument that the link between efficiency and utility was strongest in the twentieth century. This would not only explain the growing focus on efficiency in the past, but also suggest that the importance of efficiency in society is set to decrease from now on. Design/methodology/approach: The two arguments in support of the claim were: first,...

Potential of remote sensing to predict species invasions: a modelling perspective

Rocchini, Duccio ; Andreo, Veronica ; Förster, Michael ; Garzon-Lopez, Carol Ximena ; Gutierrez, Andrew Paul ; Gillespie, Thomas W. ; Hauffe, Heidi C. ; He, Kate S. ; Kleinschmit, Birgit ; Mairota, Paola ; Marcantonio, Matteo ; Metz, Markus ; Nagendra, Harini ; Pareeth, Sajid ; Ponti, Luigi ; Ricotta, Carlo ; Rizzoli, Annapaola ; Schaab, Gertrud ; Zebisch, Marc ; Zorer, Roberto ; Neteler, Markus (2015)

Understanding the causes and effects of species invasions is a priority in ecology and conservation biology. One of the crucial steps in evaluating the impact of invasive species is to map changes in their actual and potential distribution and relative abundance across a wide region over an appropriate time span. While direct and indirect remote sensing approaches have long been used to assess ...

Impediments, incentives and interrelations with other objectives

Zimmer, Anne Karina (2017)

The Paris Agreement on climate change mitigation – celebrated as a historic breakthrough – relies on the voluntary implementation of adequate climate policy measures on the national and sub-national levels. The compliance with mitigation pledges will crucially depend on the interplay of different incentives and political realities in the emitting countries. It is therefore of fundamental import...

Direct and indirect climate change impacts in the land-use sector

Stevanović, Miodrag (2017)

Rapid exploitation of fossil resources has resulted in a massive release of greenhouse gases (GHG) into the atmosphere. This anthropogenic perturbation of the complex climate system could result in a change of global climate patterns unprecedented in the past millennium. As such, further climatic change poses a serious threat to a broad range of natural systems and economic sectors. The land-us...

Spatial nature conservation monitoring on the basis of ecological gradients using imaging spectroscopy

Neumann, Carsten (2017)

Ecosystem conservation and ecological restoration such as the preservation of species and habitat diversity have become recognized as an important ambition for an intentional anthropogenic exertion of influence worldwide. On that account, internationally acknow­ledged conservation targets are defined and realized over habitat management measures in designated protected area networks. By this me...

Few-layer antimonene by liquid-phase exfoliation

Gibaja, Carlos ; Rodriguez-San-Miguel, David ; Ares, Pablo ; Gómez-Herrero, Julio ; Varela, Maria ; Gillen, Roland ; Maultzsch, Janina ; Hauke, Frank ; Hirsch, Andreas ; Abellán, Gonzalo ; Zamora, Félix (2016)

We report on a fast and simple method to produce highly stable isopropanol/water (4:1) suspensions of few-layer antimonene by liquid-phase exfoliation of antimony crystals in a process that is assisted by sonication but does not require the addition of any surfactant. This straightforward method generates dispersions of few-layer antimonene suitable for on-surface isolation. Analysis by atomic ...

From Targets to Action

Knopf, Brigitte ; Fuss, Sabine ; Hansen, Gerrit ; Creutzig, Felix ; Minx, Jan ; Edenhofer, Ottmar (2017)

At the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris in 2015 ambitious targets for responding to the threat of climate change have been set: limiting global temperature increase to “well below 2 °C […] and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 °C”. However, calculating the CO2 budget for 1.5 °C, it becomes clear that there is nearly no room left for future emissions. Sc...

Challenges of the Energiewende from a policy analysis perspective

Joas, Fabian (2017)

Germany is currently restructuring its energy system, an endeavor its chancellor, Angela Merkel, called the project of the century. This Energiewende has moved into rough waters in recent years. The relatively high and rapidly growing shares of fluctuating renewable energy sources (mainly wind and photovoltaic) have led to numerous technical and socio-economic challenges. The unclear and someti...

Voraussetzungen und Hindernisse beim Zugang zu UVP-Dokumenten und Verfahrensinformationen

Odparlik, Lisa Friederike ; Kerkemeyer, Andreas (2016)

Damit Verfahren mit Öffentlichkeitsbeteiligung gelingen können, bedarf es zuvor einer aktiven Information der Öffentlichkeit. Die fortschreitende Digitalisierung eröffnet hierbei den Behörden die Möglichkeit, Informationen kostengünstig und effektiv bereitzustellen. Mittlerweile hat auch der Gesetzgeber Bestimmungen geschaffen, durch die die aktive Information der Öffentlichkeit über das Intern...

Are agencies turning a blind eye to public access to environmental assessment information?

Odparlik, Lisa Friederike (2015)

For environmental assessments (strategic environmental assessment (SEA) and environmental impact assessment (EIA)) a wide range of data and documents is gathered, processed, and produced. In planning theory, this information is viewed to have a transformative function: It can affect perceptions in advance of a decision, thereby impacting the planning process at all levels and stages. The role o...

Access to information and the role of environmental assessment registries for public participation

Odparlik, Lisa Friederike ; Köppel, Johann (2013)

International practice shows an increasing use of web-based Environmental Assessment (EA) registries or project websites to provide public access to information. In support of statutory public participation, registries inform when to participate and provide relevant documents and the continued availability of information. However, what constitutes good practice in this field? This article propo...

Environmental modelling and spatial ecology with focus on invasive Aedes mosquitoes and emergent mosquito-borne pathogens

Marcantonio, Matteo (2017)

Biological invasions are a side effect of globalisation and human modification of natural systems. Invasive mosquitoes and the pathogens that they carry are leading causes of human suffering. Mosquito vectors of pathogens are often ecologically plastic and able to exploit human movements to disperse. As such they spread across wide geographical areas and are among the most successful species to...

Water security in the Syr Darya Basin

Wegerich, Kai ; Van Rooijen, Daniel ; Soliev, Ilkhom ; Mukhamedova, Nozilakhon (2015)

The importance of water security has gained prominence on the international water agenda, but the focus seems to be directed towards water demand. An essential element of water security is the functioning of public organizations responsible for water supply through direct and indirect security approaches. Despite this, there has been a tendency to overlook the water security strategies of these...

The costs of benefit sharing

Soliev, Ilkhom ; Wegerich, Kai ; Kazbekov, Jusipbek (2015)

Ongoing discussions on water-energy-food nexus generally lack a historical perspective and more rigorous institutional analysis. Scrutinizing a relatively mature benefit sharing approach in the context of transboundary water management, the study shows how such analysis can be implemented to facilitate understanding in an environment of high institutional and resource complexity. Similar to sys...

Automated spatiotemporal landslide mapping over large areas using RapidEye time series data

Behling, Robert ; Roessner, Sigrid ; Kaufmann, Hermann ; Kleinschmit, Birgit (2014)

In the past, different approaches for automated landslide identification based on multispectral satellite remote sensing were developed to focus on the analysis of the spatial distribution of landslide occurrences related to distinct triggering events. However, many regions, including southern Kyrgyzstan, experience ongoing process activity requiring continual multi-temporal analysis. For this ...

Robust automated image co-registration of optical multi-sensor time series data

Behling, Robert ; Roessner, Sigrid ; Segl, Karl ; Kleinschmit, Birgit ; Kaufmann, Hermann (2014)

Reliable multi-temporal landslide detection over longer periods of time requires multi-sensor time series data characterized by high internal geometric stability, as well as high relative and absolute accuracy. For this purpose, a new methodology for fully automated co-registration has been developed allowing efficient and robust spatial alignment of standard orthorectified data products origin...

Strategic environmental assessment for better flood risk planning in Pakistan

Hameed, Kiran (2017)

In this thesis, a possible protocol has been developed using Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) in Pakistan for better flood management planning. The aim of the study was to streamline the environmental concerns into higher level planning. The protocol takes into account the strengths and weaknesses of the existing institutional and legal structures for easy capability. The study focused ...

Naturalistische Pflanzungen

Köppler, Marc-Rajan (2017)

Städtische Grünflächen haben in den letzten Dekaden den Ruf bekommen schlecht gepflegt zu sein. Ökonomische Gründe werden oftmals als Ursache dafür angeführt. Neu gestaltete Anlagen versuchen in der Folge mit vereinfachten Pflanzkonzepten oder auch einem Zulassen von Natürlichkeit darauf zu reagieren. Die vorliegende Arbeit beschäftigt sich mit planerisch entwickelten Pflanzungen, die in diesem...