Inst. Landschaftsarchitektur und Umweltplanung

219 Items

Recent Submissions
A counterview to Lancet’s Editorial “India's COVID-19 emergency”, published on May 8, 2021

Sethi, Mahendra (2021-05)

Recently, Lancet published an editorial, “India's COVID-19 emergency”. An editorial is entitled to be opinionated, but it is expected to be based on nuanced analysis of scientific facts than merely towing to a popular media narrative. Having been tracking COVID-19 in urban centres and being on ground zero during India’s intra-wave period, I notice several inaccuracies and inconsistencies here. ...

Delineation of management zones with spatial data fusion and belief theory

Vallentin, Claudia ; Dobers, Eike Stefan ; Itzerott, Sibylle ; Kleinschmit, Birgit ; Spengler, Daniel (2019-11-22)

Precision agriculture, as part of modern agriculture, thrives on an enormously growing amount of information and data for processing and application. The spatial data used for yield forecasting or the delimitation of management zones are very diverse, often of different quality and in different units to each other. For various reasons, approaches to combining geodata are complex, but necessary ...

Automatic delineation algorithm for site-specific management zones based on satellite remote sensing data

Georgi, Claudia ; Spengler, Daniel ; Itzerott, Sibylle ; Kleinschmit, Birgit (2017-11-15)

In light of the increasing demand for food production, climate change challenges for agriculture, and economic pressure, precision farming is an ever-growing market. The development and distribution of remote sensing applications is also growing. The availability of extensive spatial and temporal data—enhanced by satellite remote sensing and open-source policies—provides an attractive opportuni...

COVID-19—does social distancing include species distancing?

Giseke, Undine (2020-06-08)

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Challenges to build up a Collaborative Landscape Management (CLM) - lessons from a stakeholder analysis in Germany

Zscheischler, Jana ; Busse, Maria ; Heitepriem, Nico (2019-09-25)

Traditional cultural landscapes are of special value not only for reasons of nature conservation and high species diversity but also because they intersect with the identity of local communities, support recreation and tourism, and preserve cultural heritage. Structural changes in rural areas threaten these unique sceneries and environments in Europe and worldwide. As a result, the question of ...

The Regenerative Potential of Managed Calluna Heathlands—Revealing Optical and Structural Traits for Predicting Recovery Dynamics

Neumann, Carsten ; Schindhelm, Anne ; Müller, Jörg ; Weiss, Gabriele ; Liu, Anna ; Itzerott, Sibylle (2021-02-09)

The potential of vegetation recovery through resprouting of plant tissue from buds after the removal of aboveground biomass is a key resilience strategy for populations under abrupt environmental change. Resprouting leads to fast regeneration, particularly after the implementation of mechanical mowing as part of active management for promoting open habitats. We investigated whether recovery dyn...

Spatial Distribution of Forest Ecosystem Service Benefits in Germany: A Multiple Benefit-Transfer Model

Elsasser, Peter ; Altenbrunn, Kerstin ; Köthke, Margret ; Lorenz, Martin ; Meyerhoff, Jürgen (2021-02-01)

We investigate the economic benefits of fundamental forest ecosystem services (FES) for the population in Germany at national level in monetary terms and estimate the spatial distribution of these benefits at county level. Specifically, we consider the benefits of timber production, of global climate protection due to carbon sequestration, of recreation for local residents, and of services for ...

Distributional impacts of carbon pricing: A meta-analysis

Ohlendorf, Nils ; Jakob, Michael ; Minx, Jan Christoph ; Schröder, Carsten ; Steckel, Jan Christoph (2020-11-13)

Understanding the distributional impacts of market-based climate policies is crucial to design economically efficient climate change mitigation policies that are socially acceptable and avoid adverse impacts on the poor. Empirical studies that examine the distributional impacts of carbon pricing and fossil fuel subsidy reforms in different countries arrive at ambiguous results. To systematicall...

Remote sensing for precision agriculture

Vallentin, Claudia (2021)

Background: Agriculture is a large and dynamic sector, essential for the supply of the population and thus in a complex area of tension. The growing population and the resulting need for optimization, greater efficiency and intensification are in direct conflict with the demand for sustainability, environmental compatibility and, above all, mitigation of climate change and its consequences. Pre...

Fair street space allocation: ethical principles and empirical insights

Creutzig, Felix ; Javaid, Aneeque ; Soomauroo, Zakia ; Lohrey, Steffen ; Milojevic-Dupont, Nikola ; Ramakrishnan, Anjali ; Sethi, Mahendra ; Liu, Lijing ; Niamir, Leila ; Bren d’Amour, Christopher ; Weddige, Ulf ; Lenzi, Dominic ; Kowarsch, Martin ; Arndt, Luisa ; Baumann, Lulzim ; Betzien, Jody ; Fonkwa, Lesly ; Huber, Bettina ; Mendez, Ernesto ; Misiou, Alexandra ; Pearce, Cameron ; Radman, Paula ; Skaloud, Paul ; Zausch, J. Marco (2020-05-18)

Urban street space is increasingly contested. However, it is unclear what a fair street space allocation would look like. We develop a framework of ten ethical principles and three normative perspectives on street space – streets for transport, streets for sustainability, and streets as place – and discuss 14 derived street space allocation mechanisms. We contrast these ethically grounded alloc...

Conceptualizing and analysing the acceptability of sustainability innovations in the field of land use and landscape planning

Busse, Maria (2021)

Acceptability studies on landscapes and land uses are an increasing and in-demand research field. In-depth knowledge of the acceptability of innovations enables the proactive management of innovation processes in landscapes. However, there are various research gaps: 1) the lack of consistent and comprehensive definitions of acceptance and acceptability, 2) the lack of a framework to analyse acc...

Carbon pricing and transfers

Roolfs, Christina (2021)

Regional and national governments face the challenge of enacting policies that rapidly decarbonize their economies so as to deliver on their climate targets. They need to find policy instruments that are both effective and feasible. Simultaneously reducing greenhouse gas emissions at multiple levels is a promising step forward. By analyzing the effectiveness and feasibility of multilevel climat...

Uncovering the Nexus Between Attitudes, Preferences, and Behavior in Sociological Applications of Stated Choice Experiments

Liebe, Ulf ; Mariel, Petr ; Beyer, Heiko ; Meyerhoff, Jürgen (2021-02-01)

Multifactorial survey experiments such as stated choice experiments are used more and more frequently in social science research. In this article, based on an experimental study on ethical and political consumption, we explore the potential of hybrid choice models to explicitly model latent psychological factors such as attitudes, overcoming a possible endogeneity bias and misrepresentation of ...

Landscape Transformation Influences Responses of Terrestrial Small Mammals to Land Use Intensity in North-Central Namibia

Starik, Nicole ; Mbango, Oskar Kandali ; Bengsch, Susanne ; Göttert, Thomas ; Zeller, Ulrich (2020-12-21)

In this study, we investigate and compare the response patterns of small mammal communities to increasing land use intensity in two study areas: private farmland at the southern boundary of Etosha National Park and smallholder farmland in Tsumeb agricultural area. Species richness, community composition and a standardized capture index (RCI) are compared between sites of (a) increasing grazing ...

Machine learning for geographically differentiated climate change mitigation in urban areas

Milojevic-Dupont, Nikola ; Creutzig, Felix (2020-10-10)

Artificial intelligence and machine learning are transforming scientific disciplines, but their full potential for climate change mitigation remains elusive. Here, we conduct a systematic review of applied machine learning studies that are of relevance for climate change mitigation, focusing specifically on the fields of remote sensing, urban transportation, and buildings. The relevant body of ...

Learning from urban form to predict building heights

Milojevic-Dupont, Nikola ; Hans, Nicolai ; Kaack, Lynn H. ; Zumwald, Marius ; Andrieux, François ; de Barros Soares, Daniel ; Lohrey, Steffen ; Pichler, Peter-Paul ; Creutzig, Felix (2020-12-09)

Understanding cities as complex systems, sustainable urban planning depends on reliable high-resolution data, for example of the building stock to upscale region-wide retrofit policies. For some cities and regions, these data exist in detailed 3D models based on real-world measurements. However, they are still expensive to build and maintain, a significant challenge, especially for small and me...

Environmental valuation with discrete choice experiments

Mariel, Petr ; Hoyos, David ; Meyerhoff, Jürgen ; Czajkowski, Mikolaj ; Dekker, Thijs ; Glenk, Klaus ; Bredahl Jacobsen, Jette ; Liebe, Ulf ; Olsen, Søren Bøye ; Sagebiel, Julian ; Thiene, Mara (2021)

This open access book offers up-to-date advice and practical guidance on how to undertake a discrete choice experiment as a tool for environmental valuation. It discusses crucial issues in designing, implementing and analysing choice experiments. Compiled by leading experts in the field, the book promotes discrete choice analysis in environmental valuation through a more solid scientific basis ...

Clean environments as a social norm: a field experiment on cigarette littering

Sagebiel, Julian ; Karok, Lukas ; Grund, Julian ; Rommel, Jens (2020-09-28)

Cigarette littering in public spaces is an environmental and aesthetic problem. Broken windows theory posits that visible signs of anti-social behavior such as littering create the perception of a social norm in built environments. Cigarette butts on the ground then encourage people to drop theirs as well. We test this theory on benches of a university campus in a field experiment with two trea...

Assessing land use and flood management impacts on ecosystem services in a river landscape (Upper Danube, Germany)

Stammel, Barbara ; Fischer, Christine ; Cyffka, Bernd ; Albert, Christian ; Damm, Christian ; Dehnhardt, Alexandra ; Fischer, Helmut ; Foeckler, Francis ; Gerstner, Lars ; Hoffmann, Tim G. ; Iwanowski, Janette ; Kasperidus, Hans D. ; Linnemann, Kathrin ; Mehl, Dietmar ; Podschun, Simone A. ; Rayanov, Marin ; Ritz, Stephanie ; Rumm, Andrea ; Scholz, Mathias ; Schulz‐Zunkel, Christiane ; Thiele, Julia ; Venohr, Markus ; von Haaren, Christina ; Pusch, Martin T. ; Gelhaus, Marion (2020-07-06)

Rivers and floodplains provide many regulating, provisioning and cultural ecosystem services (ES) such as flood risk regulation, crop production or recreation. Intensive use of resources such as hydropower production, construction of detention basins and intensive agriculture substantially change ecosystems and may affect their capacity to provide ES. Legal frameworks such as the European Water...

Scientific assessments to facilitate deliberative policy learning

Kowarsch, Martin ; Garard, Jennifer ; Riousset, Pauline ; Lenzi, Dominic ; Dorsch, Marcel J. ; Knopf, Brigitte ; Harrs, Jan-Albrecht ; Edenhofer, Ottmar (2016-12-13)

Putting the recently adopted global Sustainable Development Goals or the Paris Agreement on international climate policy into action will require careful policy choices. Appropriately informing decision-makers about longer-term, wicked policy issues remains a considerable challenge for the scientific community. Typically, these vital policy issues are highly uncertain, value-laden and disputed,...