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Main Title: Performance Evaluation of VTEC GIMs for Regional Applications during Different Solar Activity Periods, Using RING TEC Values
Author(s): Tornatore, Vincenza
Cesaroni, Claudio
Pezzopane, Michael
Alizadeh, Mohamad Mahdi
Schuh, Harald
Type: Article
Abstract: This paper presents a comparison of the vertical total electron content (vTEC) estimated over Italy using two different approaches: the GPS Global Ionosphere Maps (GIMs) and the so-called “calibration technique” developed by Ciraolo in 2007. The study has been carried out at a regional level by considering three Italian dual-frequency stations of the GPS permanent network “Rete Integrata Nazionale GPS (RING)”. The GPS receivers are permanently installed at Madesimo (geographical coordinates: 46.5 N, 9.4 E), Rome (geographical coordinates: 41.8 N, 12.5 E) and Resuttano (geographical coordinates: 37.7 N, 14.1 E), respectively in the north, center and south of Italy. Time windows selected for the analysis include periods of both low (July 2008 to June 2009) and high (September 2013 to August 2014) solar activity. The two datasets have also been studied considering both quiet and disturbed geomagnetic activity conditions. Moreover, the effects of an extreme geomagnetic storm have been investigated in March 2015 when the well-known St. Patrick storm occurred. Overall, GIM estimated values are always higher than those calibrated by the Ciraolo procedure for all the considered datasets. The differences between the two methods increase as the latitude decreases, and they increase as the solar activity intensifies. The outcomes of this study shall be helpful when applying GlMs at a regional level.
Subject(s): GNSS
GIM maps
RING Network
calibration technique
solar and geomagnetic activity
St. Patrick storm
Issue Date: 10-Apr-2021
Date Available: 19-May-2021
Language Code: en
DDC Class: 620 Ingenieurwissenschaften und zugeordnete Tätigkeiten
Journal Title: Remote Sensing
Publisher: MDPI
Volume: 13
Issue: 8
Article Number: 1470
Publisher DOI: 10.3390/rs13081470
EISSN: 2072-4292
TU Affiliation(s): Fak. 6 Planen Bauen Umwelt » Inst. Geodäsie und Geoinformationstechnik » FG Satellitengeodäsie
Appears in Collections:Technische Universität Berlin » Publications

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