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Main Title: Long-term water conservation is fostered by smart meter-based feedback and digital user engagement
Author(s): Cominola, Andrea
Giuliani, Matteo
Andrea Castelletti, Andrea
Fraternali, Piero
Gonzalez, Sergio Luis Herrera
Herrero, Joan Carles Guardiola
Novak, Jasminko
Rizzoli, Andrea Emilio
Type: Article
Language Code: en
Abstract: Consumption-based feedback has been demonstrated to encourage water conservation behaviors. Smart meters and digital solutions can support customized feedback and reinforce behavioral change. Yet, most of the studies documenting water conservation effects induced by feedback and smart meter data visualization evaluate them in short-term experimental trials only. Here we show that water conservation behaviors promoted by smart meter-based consumption feedback and digital user engagement interventions might persist in the long term. We developed an analysis of 334 households in Valencia, Spain. We find that approximately 47% of the households engaged in our water conservation program achieved a long-term 8% reduction of volumetric water consumption, compared with pre-treatment observations. Water conservation behaviors persisted more than two years after the beginning of the program, especially for the households receiving sub-daily smart meter information. Our results provide empirical evidence that smart meter-based water consumption feedback and digital user engagement can effectively promote durable conservation behaviors.
Issue Date: 7-May-2021
Date Available: 31-May-2021
DDC Class: 620 Ingenieurwissenschaften und zugeordnete Tätigkeiten
Subject(s): environmental social sciences
water resources
Sponsor/Funder: TU Berlin, Open-Access-Mittel – 2021
EC/H2020/619172/EU/SmartH2O: an ICT Platform to leverage on Social Computing for the efficient management of Water Consumption/SmartH2O
Journal Title: npj Clean Water
Publisher: Springer Nature
Publisher Place: Heidelberg
Volume: 4
Article Number: 29
Publisher DOI: 10.1038/s41545-021-00119-0
EISSN: 2059-7037
Appears in Collections:FG Smart Water Networks » Publications

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