Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dx.doi.org/10.14279/depositonce-12007
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Main Title: The Lockdown Effect: Implications of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Internet Traffic
Author(s): Feldmann, Anja
Gasser, Oliver
Lichtblau, Franziska
Pujol, Enric
Poese, Ingmar
Dietzel, Christoph
Wagner, Daniel
Wichtlhuber, Matthias
Tapiador, Juan
Vallina-Rodriguez, Narseo
Hohlfeld, Oliver
Smaragdakis, Georgios
Type: Conference Object
Language Code: en
Abstract: Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, many governments imposed lockdowns that forced hundreds of millions to stay at home. As a result of these measures, Internet traffic of residential users increased, in particular, for remote working, entertainment, commerce, and education. In turn, traffic demands in the Internet core shifted as well. In this paper, using data from a diverse set of vantage points (one ISP, three IXPs, and one metropolitan educational network), we study the effect of these lockdowns on traffic shifts. We find that the traffic volume increased by 15-20% almost within a week---while overall still modest, this constitutes a large increase within this short time period. The Internet infrastructure is able to handle this increase, as most traffic shifts occur outside of traditional peak hours. When looking at traffic sources, we find that while hypergiants still contribute a significant fraction of traffic, we see a higher increase in traffic of non-hypergiants. We observe traffic increases in applications that people use when at home, such as Web conferencing, VPN, and gaming. While many networks see increased traffic demands, in particular, residential users, others see major decreases, e.g., in the educational network.
URI: https://depositonce.tu-berlin.de/handle/11303/13212
http://dx.doi.org/10.14279/depositonce-12007
Issue Date: 27-Oct-2020
Date Available: 7-Jun-2021
DDC Class: 000 Informatik, Informationswissenschaft, allgemeine Werke
Subject(s): internet measurement
internet traffic
COVID-19
traffic shifts
network measurement
Sponsor/Funder: BMBF, 16DII111, Verbundprojekt: Weizenbaum-Institut für die vernetzte Gesellschaft - Das Deutsche Internet-Institut; Teilvorhaben: Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung (WZB)
BMBF, 16KIS0691, Verbundprojekt: 5G Lösungen für die vernetzte Mobilität der Zukunft - 5GNetMobil -; Teilvorhaben: Zuverlässige, kognitive und agile Kommunikationslösungen für die taktil vernetzte Mobilität
BMBF, 16KIS0975K, KMU-innovativ-Verbundprojekt: Artificial Intelligence-based DDoS Mitigation at Internet Exchange Points - AIDOS -; Teilvorhaben: Data-Driven IXP DDoS Mitigation
EC/H2020/679158/EU/Resolving the Tussle in the Internet: Mapping, Architecture, and Policy Making/ResolutioNet
License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Proceedings Title: Proceedings of the ACM Internet Measurement Conference (IMC 2020)
Publisher: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
Publisher Place: New York, NY
Publisher DOI: 10.1145/3419394.3423658
Page Start: 1
Page End: 18
ISBN: 978-1-4503-8138-3
Appears in Collections:FG Internet Measurement and Analysis (IMA) » Publications

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