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Main Title: Comparative In Vivo Analysis of the Integration Behavior and Immune Response of Collagen-Based Dental Barrier Membranes for Guided Bone Regeneration (GBR)
Author(s): Radenković, Milena
Alkildani, Said
Stoewe, Ignacio
Bielenstein, James
Sundag, Bernd
Bellmann, Olaf
Jung, Ole
Najman, Stevo
Stojanović, Sanja
Barbeck, Mike
Type: Article
Language Code: en
Abstract: Collagen-based resorbable barrier membranes have been increasingly utilized for Guided Bone Regeneration (GBR), as an alternative to non-resorbable synthetic membranes that require a second surgical intervention for removal. One of the most important characteristics of a resorbable barrier membrane is its mechanical integrity that is required for space maintenance and its tissue integration that plays a crucial role in wound healing and bone augmentation. This study compares a commercially available porcine-derived sugar-crosslinked collagen membrane with two non-crosslinked collagen barrier membranes. The material analysis provides an insight into the influence of manufacturing on the microstructure. In vivo subcutaneous implantation model provides further information on the host tissue reaction of the barrier membranes, as well as their tissue integration patterns that involve cellular infiltration, vascularization, and degradation. The obtained histochemical and immunohistochemical results over three time points (10, 30, and 60 days) showed that the tissue response to the sugar crosslinked collagen membrane involves inflammatory macrophages in a comparable manner to the macrophages observed in the surrounding tissue of the control collagen-based membranes, which were proven as biocompatible. The tissue reactions to the barrier membranes were additionally compared to wounds from a sham operation. Results suggest wound healing properties of all the investigated barrier membranes. However, the sugar-crosslinked membrane lacked in cellular infiltration and transmembraneous vascularization, providing an exclusive barrier function in GBR. Moreover, this membrane maintained a similar swelling ratio over examined timepoints, which suggests a very slow degradation pattern and supports its barrier function. Based on the study results, which showed biocompatibility of the sugar crosslinked membrane and its stability up to 60 days post-implantation, it can be concluded that this membrane may be suitable for application in GBR as a biomaterial with exclusive barrier functionality, similar to non-resorbable options.
Issue Date: 15-Sep-2021
Date Available: 11-Oct-2021
DDC Class: 570 Biowissenschaften; Biologie
Subject(s): collagen-based membranes
Guided Bone Regeneration
subcutaneous implantation
immune response
porcine-based collagen
barrier membrane
sugar cross-linking
Journal Title: Membranes
Publisher: MDPI
Publisher Place: Basel
Volume: 11
Issue: 9
Article Number: 712
Publisher DOI: 10.3390/membranes11090712
EISSN: 2077-0375
Appears in Collections:FG Keramische Werkstoffe » Publications

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