Inst. Volkswirtschaftslehre und Wirtschaftsrecht (IVWR)

133 Items

Recent Submissions
Transparenz bei ÖPP im Infrastrukturbereich

Ryndin, Andrej (2021)

Diese Arbeit befasst sich mit Transparenz bei Öffentlich-Privaten Partnerschaften (ÖPP) im Infrastrukturbereich und gliedert sich in drei inhaltliche Teile. In Teil A wird die Beschaffungsvariante ÖPP umfassend untersucht. Zunächst findet dafür in Kapitel 2 eine abstrakte Analyse der Eignung des ÖPP-Ansatzes ohne einen bestimmten Sektorbezug statt. Neben einer grundlegenden institutionenökonom...

Estimating causal effects by utilizing exogenous variation to limit the self-selection problem

Repasky, Tomas (2021)

Economic theory and empirical economic research are driven by the desire to unearth casual relationships that steer and/or are a consequence of actions of agents in a market-based economy. Estimating causal effect, however, is made difficult by the ability and desire of subjects to self-select in and out of treatment. In this thesis, I have utilized large exogenous shock as well as an unexpecte...

Real estate listings and their usefulness for hedonic regressions

Kolbe, Jens ; Schulz, Rainer ; Wersing, Martin ; Werwatz, Axel (2021-01-13)

Real estate platforms provide a new source of data which has already been used as a substitute for transaction data in hedonic regression applications. This paper asks whether it is valid to do so in the established research areas of (1) willingness to pay estimation, (2) automated valuations, and (3) price index construction. It therefore compares listings and transaction data and regression r...

Central bank reputation, cheap talk and transparency as substitutes for commitment: Experimental evidence

Duffy, John ; Heinemann, Frank (2020-06-30)

We implement a repeated version of the Barro-Gordon monetary policy game in the laboratory and ask whether reputation serves as a substitute for commitment, enabling the central bank to achieve the efficient Ramsey equilibrium and avoid the inefficient, time-inconsistent one-shot Nash equilibrium. We find that reputation is a poor substitute for commitment. We then explore whether central bank ...

Substituting clean for dirty production: understanding prospects for green growth

Stöckl, Fabian (2021)

Global warming is a major challenge facing the world today. As of 2020, there has already been a rise in the Earth's mean surface temperature of around one degree Celsius compared to pre-industrial times. If temperatures increase beyond specific tipping points, global warming might become self-reinforcing and irreversible. There is now ample evidence that anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions,...

The one player guessing game: a diagnosis on the relationship between equilibrium play, beliefs, and best responses

Bosch-Rosa, Ciril ; Meissner, Thomas (2020-02-11)

Experiments involving games have two dimensions of difficulty for subjects in the laboratory. One is understanding the rules and structure of the game and the other is forming beliefs about the behavior of other players. Typically, these two dimensions cannot be disentangled as belief formation crucially depends on the understanding of the game. We present the one-player guessing game, a variat...

100% Renewable Energy Scenarios for North America—Spatial Distribution and Network Constraints

Zozmann, Elmar ; Göke, Leonard ; Kendziorski, Mario ; Rodriguez del Angel, Citlali ; von Hirschhausen, Christian ; Winkler, Johanna (2021-01-28)

The urgency to combat climate change and the widely distributed, increasingly competitive renewable resources in North America are strong arguments to explore scenarios for a renewable energy supply in the region. While the current power system of North America is heavily dependent on fossil fuels, namely natural gas, coal and oil, and some nuclear power plants, some current policies at the sta...

Die Bereitstellung und Refinanzierung von Stromerzeugungskapazität

Hoffrichter, Albert (2021)

Im Mittelpunkt der Arbeit steht die Analyse verschiedener Optionen für das Marktdesign im Stromsektor. Das Ziel ist es Organisationsmodelle zu identifizieren, durch welche sich eine sichere und nachhaltige Stromversorgung möglichst günstig für Verbraucher erreichen lässt. Die Untersuchung erfolgt anhand qualitativer ökonomischer Methoden, wobei der Neuen Institutionenökonomik eine besondere Bed...

An econometric analysis of environmental phenomena

Sarmiento Abogado, Luis Alejandro (2020)

This doctoral dissertation focuses on the effect of air pollution and natural disasters on different aspects of human affairs. In the first section, I concentrate on air pollution. Specifically, in chapter 2, I posit that hourly changes in air pollution affect criminality through two distinct pathways, via physiological effects on the criminal and by changes in the tightness of the market for c...

Four essays on the economics of digitization

Schäfer, Maximilian (2020)

Technological progress in information technologies brings unprecedented economic opportunities. By drastically reducing costs, it has never been easier to access information, communicate, and to exchange goods and services. At the same time, the ensuing rapid change of the economic landscape raises numerous challenges that deserve special scrutiny from the economic profession. The present disse...

The economics of production, integration and efficient use of renewable energy

Stede, Jan Patrick (2020)

Dealing with the climate crisis requires tackling three challenges regarding the production, integration and efficient use of energy, addressed in the three chapters of this dissertation. First, energy efficiency is widely recognised as an effective means to reduce the consumption of fossil fuels, as well as a cost-efficient solution towards the decarbonisation of the economy. However, impact e...

Taxes on unhealthy food and externalities in the parental choice of children's diet

Kalamov, Zarko ; Runkel, Marco (2020-04-26)

This study examines whether taxes on unhealthy food are suitable for internalizing intergenerational externalities inflicted by parents when they decide on their children's diet. In an overlapping generations (OLG) model with an imperfectly altruistic parent, the optimal steady‐state tax rate on unhealthy food is strictly positive. However, it is only second‐best because, in addition to reducin...

Power-to-heat for renewable energy integration: A review of technologies, modeling approaches, and flexibility potentials

Bloess, Andreas ; Schill, Wolf-Peter ; Zerrahn, Alexander (2018-02-06)

A flexible coupling of power and heat sectors can contribute to both renewable energy integration and decarbonization. We present a literature review of model-based analyses in this field, focusing on residential heating. We compare geographical and temporal research scopes and identify state-of-the-art analytical model formulations, particularly considering heat pumps and thermal storage. Whil...

Modeling an integrated energy transformation of the electricity sector

Weibezahn, Jens (2020)

This thesis addresses research questions and implications in the context of the German and European energy transformation and is comprised of three parts: Part I starts with a chapter providing an introduction to the topic. Chapter 2 then focuses on the topic of "sector coupling" and the technical and economic challenges of coupling electricity, heat, and transportation, in order to further tr...

Zur Entwicklung der Berliner Industriebetriebe der Jahre 2003 bis 2012 im Vergleich deutscher Agglomerationsräume unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Arbeitsplatzdynamik und der Modernisierung des industriellen Produktportfolios

Voshage, Ramona (2020)

Die Arbeit befasst sich mit strukturellen Wandlungsprozessen der deutschen Industrie, wobei der Schwerpunkt auf regionale Unterschiede gelegt wird. Berlin, welches im Zuge der Wiedervereinigung sowohl einen ehemaligen West- als auch einen ehemaligen Ostteil und damit zwei Gebiete mit völlig unterschiedlichen Ausgangsbedingungen umfasst, steht im Fokus der Analyse. Durch den Zusammenbruch der p...

Three essays on the economics of online platforms

Tran, Kevin Ducbao (2020)

The digital economy has disrupted numerous industries. In particular, online platforms are providing consumers with an unprecedented variety of choices, coupled with innovative technology to match sellers and buyers, generate trust, and decrease search costs. At the same time, the novel nature of these platforms allows some of them to compete with traditional incumbents while not being subject ...

The political economy of nuclear power

Wealer, Ben (2020)

This thesis assesses from a political economic point of view the role of nuclear power in a (low-carbon) energy transition in the 21st century. To answer this question a more holistic analysis is needed that considers both the entire nuclear value-added chain (including decommissioning and waste management), political interests, corporate strategies, as well as the underlying institutions. In t...

The Economics of Water

Meran, Georg ; Siehlow, Markus ; Hirschhausen, Christian von (2020-09)

This open access textbook provides a concise introduction to economic approaches and mathematical methods for the study of water allocation and distribution problems. Written in an accessible and straightforward style, it discusses and analyzes central issues in integrated water resource management, water tariffs, water markets, and transboundary water management. By illustrating the interplay ...

Four empirical essays on socio-economic aspects of the low-carbon energy transformation

Sorge, Lars (2020)

This thesis contains four empirical contributions which address socio-economic challenges of the Anthropocene and carbon dioxide emissions as well as critical issues of nuclear power which are of relevance for achieving the transformation towards decentralized, sustainable energy systems. We start analyzing the relationship between economic growth and carbon dioxide emissions, thereby challengi...

Rechtsgrundlagen des automatisierten Fahrens

Ensthaler, Jürgen ; Gollrad, Markus (2019)

Die technische Umsetzung des automatisierten Fahrens ist inzwischen weit fortgeschritten und entwickelt sich in hohem Tempo stetig weiter. Die Automobilindustrie ist für eine erfolgreiche Markteinführung jedoch auf eine rechtliche Rahmenordnung angewiesen, die dieser technischen Entwicklung gerecht wird. Ein klarer Rechtsrahmen ist zugleich Grundvoraussetzung für die gesellschaftliche Akzeptanz...