Inst. Volkswirtschaftslehre und Wirtschaftsrecht (IVWR)

117 Items

Recent Submissions
The political economy of nuclear power

Wealer, Ben (2020)

This thesis assesses from a political economic point of view the role of nuclear power in a (low-carbon) energy transition in the 21st century. To answer this question a more holistic analysis is needed that considers both the entire nuclear value-added chain (including decommissioning and waste management), political interests, corporate strategies, as well as the underlying institutions. In t...

The Economics of Water

Meran, Georg ; Siehlow, Markus ; Hirschhausen, Christian von (2020-09)

This open access textbook provides a concise introduction to economic approaches and mathematical methods for the study of water allocation and distribution problems. Written in an accessible and straightforward style, it discusses and analyzes central issues in integrated water resource management, water tariffs, water markets, and transboundary water management. By illustrating the interplay ...

Four empirical essays on socio-economic aspects of the low-carbon energy transformation

Sorge, Lars (2020)

This thesis contains four empirical contributions which address socio-economic challenges of the Anthropocene and carbon dioxide emissions as well as critical issues of nuclear power which are of relevance for achieving the transformation towards decentralized, sustainable energy systems. We start analyzing the relationship between economic growth and carbon dioxide emissions, thereby challengi...

Rechtsgrundlagen des automatisierten Fahrens

Ensthaler, Jürgen ; Gollrad, Markus (2019)

Die technische Umsetzung des automatisierten Fahrens ist inzwischen weit fortgeschritten und entwickelt sich in hohem Tempo stetig weiter. Die Automobilindustrie ist für eine erfolgreiche Markteinführung jedoch auf eine rechtliche Rahmenordnung angewiesen, die dieser technischen Entwicklung gerecht wird. Ein klarer Rechtsrahmen ist zugleich Grundvoraussetzung für die gesellschaftliche Akzeptanz...

Scenarios for Coal-Exit in Germany—A Model-Based Analysis and Implications in the European Context

Kittel, Martin ; Göke, Leonard ; Kemfert, Claudia ; Oei, Pao-Yu ; Hirschhausen, Christian von (2020-04-20)

The political discussion to reduce the carbon footprint of Germany’s electricity sector, focusing on coal, is intensifying. In this paper, we develop scenarios for phasing out lignite and hard coal power plants in Germany prior to the end of their technical lifespan (“coal-exit”). Our analysis bases upon two coal-exit instruments, the retirement of coal generation capacities and the limiting of...

On Distributional Effects in Local Electricity Market Designs—Evidence from a German Case Study

Lüth, Alexandra ; Weibezahn, Jens ; Zepter, Jan Martin (2020-04-17)

The European Commission’s call for energy communities has motivated academia to focus research on design and trading concepts of local electricity markets. The literature provides a wide range of conceptual ideas and analyses on the technical and economic framework of single market features such as peer-to-peer trading. The feasible, system-wide integration of energy communities into existing m...

Enhanced energy system transformation through power and heat sector coupling

Bloeß, Andreas (2020)

Die Energie- und Klimaschutzpolitik Deutschlands hat ein zukünftiges Energiesystem zum Ziel, welches ökologisch, ökonomisch und versorgungssicher ist. In den Jahren von 1990 bis 2017 konnte zur Vermeidung von Treibhausgasemissionen der Anteil erneuerbarer Energien in der Stromversorgung deutlich gesteigert werden. Jedoch kommen ein Großteil des Energieverbrauchs und der Emissionen auch aus den ...

A Sales Tax Is Better at Promoting Healthy Diets than the Fat Tax and the Thin Subsidy

Kalamov, Zarko (2020-01-21)

We analyze how a sales tax levied on all food products impacts the consumption of healthy food, unhealthy food, and obesity. The sales tax can stimulate the consumption of healthy meals by lowering the time costs of food preparation. Moreover, the sales tax lowers obesity under more general conditions than a tax on unhealthy food (fat tax) and a subsidy on healthy food (thin subsidy). We calibr...

Institutionenökonomische Untersuchungen zum Angebot von Ladeinfrastruktur für Elektrofahrzeuge

Kreft, Till (2020)

Gegenstand der Untersuchungen in dieser Arbeit ist das Angebot von Ladeinfrastruktur für Elektrofahrzeuge, also beispielsweise wie dieses hinsichtlich der Kapazität, Nutzerfreundlichkeit oder Bepreisung ausgestaltet ist. Die Ausgestaltung und das Zustandekommen eines Angebots hängen maßgeblich von den Entscheidungen der am Angebot beteiligten Akteure ab, die u. a. durch Regeln und Vorgaben der ...

Bemessung des makroökonomischen Leistungsbeitrags interner Forschungs- und Entwicklungsaktivitäten von Unternehmen innerhalb der Europäischen Volkswirtschaftlichen Gesamtrechnungen.

Zubrzycki, Katharina (2020)

Nach der Wirtschaftskrise 2008 verabschiedete die Europäische Kommission 2010 in Lissabon eine auf zehn Jahre ausgelegte Strategie „Europa 2020“, mit dem Ziel, das Wachstum sowie das Beschäftigungsniveau innerhalb der Europäischen Union (EU) zu stabilisieren und zu fördern. Die EU formulierte dabei fünf von den Ländern zu erreichende wirtschaftspolitische Kernziele. Eines davon beschreibt, dass...

Three essays in experimental economics

Pierrot, Thibaud (2020)

This thesis is a collection of three self contained essays in which we investigate how people make use of information in different economic contexts by conducting laboratory experiments. Chapter 1 aims to investigate the consequences of information asymmetry on negotiation between human beings. It is focused on the effect of a well documented bias called the curse of knowledge. Our second and t...

Economic Resilience of German Lignite Regions in Transition

Stognief, Nora ; Walk, Paula ; Schöttker, Oliver ; Oei, Pao-Yu (2019-10-28)

This paper recalls the development of the German lignite regions Rhineland and Lusatia since 1945 to allow for a better understanding of their situation in 2019. We analyze their economic resilience, defined as adaptive capacity, using Holling’s adaptive cycle model. We find that the Rhineland is currently in the conservation phase, while Lusatia experiences a reorganization phase following the...

Studies on dynamic micro founded macroeconomics

Pfeiffer, Philipp Ludwig (2019)

This dissertation consists of five studies on dynamic micro founded macroeconomics. Micro founded macroeconomics is a flexible paradigm. It can be enriched by micro data, assess drivers of economic fluctuations, and is particularly suited for policy analysis. The studies contained in this dissertation contribute to all of these aspects. Chapter 1 outlines the contribution to contemporary sch...

Implikationen der Integration von Energiespeichern in Stromnetze am Beispiel des deutschen Stromversorgungssystems

Witkowski, Adam (2019)

Auf dem Hintergrund der Energiewende führt der rasante Ausbau erneuerbarer Energien – allen voran Windkraftanlagen und Photovoltaiksysteme – zu höheren Strommengen aus fluktuierenden Energiequellen in Stromversorgungssystemen. Insbesondere in Deutschland führt deren hoher Anteil zu Integrationsschwierigkeiten, die sich u.a. in zeitweise negativen Strompreisen ausdrücken. Die Bundesregierung sie...

Climate change mitigation policy in a non-cooperative world

Zimmermann, Karl Jörg (2019)

In climate change mitigation policy, carbon taxation is seen as an effective and efficient policy instrument. However, some caveats like carbon leakage may hamper its performance. This thesis presents an assessment of various alternative market-based climate policy instruments: A residence-based tax on capital income, a source-based tax on capital input in production, and cap-and-trade policy. ...

Creating innovation incentives through environmental policies

Zipperer, Vera (2019)

Environmental policies are often considered as burden to firms as these face additional costs in order to comply with the regulations. However, by adapting to new regulatory frameworks, firms might reconsider their previous production processes and thereby reap additional gains, e.g. in terms of productivity through resource reallocation within the firm, or enhanced innovation activity. In four...

Making the implicit explicit: A look inside the implicit discount rate

Schleich, Joachim ; Gassmann, Xavier ; Faure, Corinne ; Meissner, Thomas (2016-07-30)

Implicit discount rates (IDRs) are employed in energy models to capture household investment decisions, yet the factors behind the IDR and their respective implications for policy-making usually remain blurred and fractional. The proposed comprehensive framework distinguishes three broad categories of factors underlying the IDR for household adoption of energy-efficient technologies (EETs): pre...

The power of sunspots: An experimental analysis

Fehr, Dietmar ; Heinemann, Frank ; Llorente-Saguer, Aniol (2018-08-23)

In an experiment using a coordination game with extrinsic random signals (“sunspots”), we systematically vary the stochastic process generating these signals and measure how signals affect behavior. We find that sunspot equilibria emerge naturally with salient public signals. However, highly correlated private signals can also lead to sunspot-driven behavior, even when this is not an equilibriu...

Experiments in macroeconomics: methods and applications

Cornand, Camille ; Heinemann, Frank (2019-07-26)

This chapter lays out in what ways laboratory experiments can be useful for macroeconomics and discusses some of the methods used in such experiments. Among the main advantages are: bench-testing of alternative policies, capturing strategic uncertainty and biases from standard preferences or Bayesian updating, and accounting for heterogeneity in agents’ expectations and behavior. It is explaine...

Macroeconomic experiments

Heinemann, Frank ; Noussair, Charles (2015-11-09)

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to introduce the upcoming symposium on experimental macroeconomics in the November issue. Design/methodology/approach: Experimental, survey of articles in the symposium. Findings: The paper describes how experiments can be used in macroeconomics. Originality/value: The paper discusses the rationale for using behavioral experiments in macroeconomics, and ...