Inst. Volkswirtschaftslehre und Wirtschaftsrecht (IVWR)

94 Items

Recent Submissions
Exploring Energy Pathways for the Low-Carbon Transformation in India—A Model-Based Analysis

Lawrenz, Linus ; Xiong, Bobby ; Lorenz, Luise ; Krumm, Alexandra ; Hosenfeld, Hans ; Burandt, Thorsten ; Löffler, Konstantin ; Oei, Pao-Yu ; Hirschhausen, Christian von (2018-11-01)

With an increasing expected energy demand and current dominance of coal electrification, India plays a major role in global carbon policies and the future low-carbon transformation. This paper explores three energy pathways for India until 2050 by applying the linear, cost-minimizing, global energy system model (GENeSYS-MOD). The benchmark scenario “limited emissions only” (LEO) is based on amb...

A Theory of Optimal Green Defaults

Meran, Georg ; Schwarze, Reimund (2018-08-16)

This paper develops an analytical framework for studying the Baumol–Oates efficiency of traditional single instrument abatement policies vis-à-vis green defaults in the face of price inertia and passive choice by subpopulations. In this special case of behavioural heterogeneity, command and control approaches can outperform price-based instruments while pure tax/subsidy schemes need to be adjus...

Illustrating the Benefits of Openness: A Large-Scale Spatial Economic Dispatch Model Using the Julia Language

Weibezahn, Jens ; Kendziorski, Mario (2019-03-25)

In this paper we introduce a five-fold approach to open science comprised of open data, open-source software (that is, programming and modeling tools, model code, and numerical solvers), as well as open-access dissemination. The advantages of open energy models are being discussed. A fully open-source bottom-up electricity sector model with high spatial resolution using the Julia programming en...

Three essays on the economics of merger control

Affeldt, Pauline Luise (2019)

Competition policy is the design and enforcement of competition rules ensuring that companies compete fairly with each other. It is one of the cornerstones of the European Union’s program to enhance the European single market and foster growth. Competition policy covers four areas ranging from monitoring and blocking anticompetitive agreements, to abuses by dominant firms, to mergers and acquis...

Transporting and Storing High-Level Nuclear Waste in the U.S.—Insights from a Mathematical Model

Wegel, Sebastian ; Czempinski, Victoria ; Oei, Pao-Yu ; Wealer, Ben (2019-06-14)

The nuclear industry in the United States of America has accumulated about 70,000 metric tons of high-level nuclear waste over the past decades; at present, this waste is temporarily stored close to the nuclear power plants. The industry and the Department of Energy are now facing two related challenges: (i) will a permanent geological repository, e.g., Yucca Mountain, become available in the f...

Eine ökonomische Analyse isolierter und integrierter Optionen für den Vertrieb von Mobilitätsangeboten unter besonderer Betrachtung des öffentlichen Personennahverkehrs und Carsharing in Deutschland

Neu, Johannes (2019)

Dem Nachfrager stehen für die Durchführung einer gewünschten Ortsveränderung in der Regel verschiedene Mobilitätsangebote zur Verfügung. Hierbei stehen verschiedene Verkehrsmittel häufig in Konkurrenz zu der Bequemlichkeit des ggf. vorhandenen privaten Pkw. Insbesondere die Nutzung der öffentlichen Verkehrsmittel wird hierbei regelmäßig als nicht ausreichend attraktiv angesehen, um eine ernstha...

Empirical essays on the role of stars in collaborative organizations

Thomas, Arne (2019)

Inspired by the challenges modern organizations face when integrating the talent of their "best and brightest" into increasingly interdependent processes, this dissertation analyzes the role of stars in collaborative organizations. In three independent essays, I investigate (1) how stars affect team performance and what mechanisms are at play, (2) how temporary star absence provides new opportu...

Knowledge-based capital and firm productivity

Le Mouel, Marie (2019)

The productivity slowdown of the last decades has raised concerns about the ability of advanced economies to sustain high living standards and renewed the interest in understanding the sources of aggregate productivity growth. The present thesis looks at the role of knowledge-based capital as a determinant of productivity, both within and across firms. I use firm-level administrative data to ex...

Essays on irrelevant and ignored information

Moradi, Homayoon (2019)

This thesis consists of three self-contained essays on behavioral and experimental economics. The first essay investigates why people avoid information regarding the consequences of their actions on others by comparing theoretical predictions of the main motives behind information avoidance and designing experiments to distinguish them. The second essay presents the results of an experiment whi...

Eine institutionenökonomische Analyse der Regulierung der Betreiber der Onshore-Stromübertragungsnetze und Offshore-Windpark-Anbindungen in Deutschland

Lenz, Ann-Katrin (2019)

Der Um- und Ausbau der Stromübertragungsnetze in Deutschland im Rahmen der Energiewende führt zu erheblichen Investitionserfordernissen und -herausforderungen. Ob diese Investitionen und die weiteren Aufgaben der Stromübertragungsnetzbetreiber (ÜNB) in Deutschland, wie die Betriebsführung und Instandhaltung, in der gewünschten Qualität zu aus Nachfragerperspektive möglichst minimalen langfristi...

German public utilities: organisation and productivity

Stiel, Caroline (2018)

Since 1998, public firms have had to adapt to a market environment that is very different from the post-war era in Europe. The liberalisation of services of general economic interest across Europe led to competition between public and private providers, while new technologies require infrastructure investment and innovative solutions. In addition, urbanisation and population ageing pose new cha...

The Paradox of Revenge in Conflicts

Amegashie, J. Atsu ; Runkel, Marco (2012)

The authors consider a two-period game of conflict between two factions, which have a desire for revenge. It is shown that, in contrast to conventional wisdom, the desire for revenge need not lead to escalation of the conflict. The subgame-perfect equilibrium is characterized by two effects: a value of revenge effect (i.e., the benefit of exacting revenge) and a self-deterrence effect (i.e., th...

Equality over intentionality: The normative social preferences of neutral third-parties

Bosch-Rosa, Ciril (2018-11-14)

This paper studies whether intentionality is more prevalent than fairness in social preferences. We do this by introducing a new three-player game in which the choices of neutral third-party arbiters are isolated from any monetary or strategic concerns. This allows us to study the normative preferences of subjects, and to compare the relative weight they give to intentions and inequality. The r...

Vertical Governance between Airlines and Airports - A Transaction Cost Analysis

Fuhr, Johannes ; Beckers, Thorsten (2006)

With airport privatization and infrastructure expansion projects taking place in the liberalized European air transport market, airport and airline companies are critically reevaluating their vertical governance structures. This paper analyzes the comparative efficiency of vertical governance structures in the airport-airline supply relationship. Using transaction cost economics as the lens of ...

The economics of financing and integrating renewable energies

May, Nils Günter (2018)

This dissertation comprises three chapters on the economics of financing and integrating renewable energies and on designing associated support policies. The transition toward carbon-neutral economies requires large-scale investments into renewable energy. The integration of these intermittent renewable energies poses new challenges to power systems designed around dispatchable thermal power pl...

Firm strategies and consumer behavior under market-based sustainability policies

Naegele, Helene Blanche (2018)

This dissertation studies different approaches to sustainability regulation. The author evaluates the effectiveness of several policy measures in achieving their objective and discusses potential unintended side-effects. Both depend on strategic firm behavior and consumer sensitivity. Chapter II considers the impact of fuel taxes on the fuel efficiency of new automobiles. The results rely on e...

Identifying Berlin’s land value map using adaptive weights smoothing

Kolbe, Jens ; Schulz, Rainer ; Wersing, Martin ; Werwatz, Axel (2015)

We use adaptive weights smoothing (AWS) of Polzehl and Spokoiny (J R Stat Soc Ser B 62:335–354, 2000; Ann Stat 31:30–57, 2003; Probab Theory Relat Fields 135:335–362, 2006) to estimate a map of land values for Berlin, Germany. Our data are prices of undeveloped land that was transacted between 1996 and 2009. Even though the observed land price is an indicator of the respective land value, it is...

The greener, the happier?

Krekel, Christian ; Kolbe, Jens ; Wüstemann, Henry (2016)

We investigate the effect of urban land use on residential well-being in major German cities, using panel data from the German Socio-Economic Panel and cross-section data from the European Urban Atlas. We reduce concerns about endogeneity by employing fixed-effects (within) estimators, with individual and city of residence fixed effects, while controlling for a rich set of observables. The resu...

Changes in life satisfaction when losing one's spouse: individual differences in anticipation, reaction, adaptation and longevity in the German Socio-economic Panel Study (SOEP)

Infurna, Frank J. ; Wiest, Maja ; Gerstorf, Denis ; Ram, Nilam ; Schupp, Jürgen ; Wagner, Gert G. ; Heckhausen, Jutta (2016)

Losing a spouse is among the most devastating events that may occur in people's lives. We use longitudinal data from 1,224 participants in the German Socio-economic Panel Study (SOEP) to examine (a) how life satisfaction changes with the experience of spousal loss; (b) whether socio-demographic factors and social and health resources moderate spousal loss-related changes in life satisfaction; a...

Editorial

Gerstorf, Denis ; Bertram, Lars ; Lindenberger, Ulman ; Pawelec, Graham ; Demuth, Ilja ; Steinhagen-Thiessen, Elisabeth ; Wagner, Gert G. (2016)

Human aging is characterized by large differences between and within older adults. Numerous factors are known to contribute to these differences, including genetic and immunological, somatic and medical, cognitive and behavioral, psychosocial and experiential, as well as socioeconomic and geospatial conditions. Continuing and expanding the scientific objectives of the Berlin Aging Study, the Be...