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Main Title: Droplets on substrates with oscillating wettability
Author(s): Grawitter, Josua
Stark, Holger
Type: Article
Abstract: In recent decades novel solid substrates have been designed which change their wettability in response to light or an electrostatic field. Here, we investigate a droplet on substrates with oscillating uniform wettability by varying minimum and maximum contact angles and frequency. To simulate this situation, we use our previous work [Grawitter and Stark, Soft Matter, 2021, 17, 2454], where we implemented the boundary element method in combination with the Cox–Voinov law for the contact-line velocity, to determine the fluid flow inside a droplet. After a transient regime the droplet performs steady oscillations, the amplitude of which decreases with increasing frequency. For slow oscillations our numerical results agree well with the linearized spherical-cap model. They collapse on a master curve when we rescale frequency by a characteristic relaxation time. In contrast, for fast oscillations we observe significant deviations from the master curve. The decay of the susceptibility is weaker and the phase shift between oscillations in wettability and contact angle stays below the predicted π/2. The reason becomes obvious when studying the combined dynamics of droplet height and contact angle. It reveals non-reciprocal shape changes during one oscillation period even at low frequencies due to the induced fluid flow inside the droplet, which are not captured by the spherical-cap model. Similar periodic non-reciprocal shape changes occur at low frequencies when the droplet is placed on an oscillating nonuniform wettability profile with six-fold symmetry. Such profiles are inspired by the light intensity pattern of Laguerre–Gauss laser modes. Since the non-reciprocal shape changes induce fluid circulation, which is controllable from the outside, our findings envisage the design of targeted microfluidic transport of solutes inside the droplet.
Subject(s): wettability
Issue Date: 27-Sep-2021
Date Available: 29-Dec-2021
Language Code: en
DDC Class: 530 Physik
Sponsor/Funder: DFG, 163436311, SFB 910: Kontrolle selbstorganisierender nichtlinearer Systeme: Theoretische Methoden und Anwendungskonzepte
TU Berlin, Open-Access-Mittel – 2021
Journal Title: Soft Matter
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)
Volume: 17
Issue: 41
Publisher DOI: 10.1039/d1sm01113h
Page Start: 9469
Page End: 9479
EISSN: 1744-6848
ISSN: 1744-683X
TU Affiliation(s): Fak. 2 Mathematik und Naturwissenschaften » Inst. Theoretische Physik » FG Statistische Physik weicher Materie und biologischer Systeme
Appears in Collections:Technische Universität Berlin » Publications

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