Zentrum Technik und Gesellschaft (ZTG)

143 Items

Recent Submissions
Challenges to the validity of topic reconstruction

Held, Matthias ; Laudel, Grit ; Gläser, Jochen (2021-03-06)

In this paper we utilize an opportunity to construct ground truths for topics in the field of atomic, molecular and optical physics. Our research questions in this paper focus on (i) how to construct a ground truth for topics and (ii) the suitability of common algorithms applied to bibliometric networks to reconstruct these topics. We use the ground truths to test two data models (direct citati...

The relation between residential self-selection and urban mobility in Middle Eastern cities: the case of Alexandria, Egypt

Masoumi, Houshmand ; Ibrahim, Mohamed R. ; Aslam, Atif Bilal (2021-01-07)

The present paper attempts to fill a part of the gap in the studies on residential location choices and their relations to urban mobility, socio-economics, and the built environment by presenting the results of a study on Alexandria, Egypt, by analysing the results of a survey in eight neighbourhoods undertaken in 2015. Four questions were answered in this study: (i) “How are the main drivers b...

Exploring Domestic Precycling Behavior: A Social Identity Perspective

Wenzel, Klara ; Süßbauer, Elisabeth (2021-01-27)

Increasing amounts of disposable food packaging waste are contributing towards a global environmental crisis, and approaches to successfully preventing such waste—called precycling—are urgently needed. The human ability to define oneself as a member of a group (social identity) may represent a powerful source for realizing environmental endeavors. Therefore, in this article we conceptualize pre...

Children’s Independent Mobility to School in Seven European Countries: A Multinomial Logit Model

Masoumi, Houshmand ; Rooijen, Martin van ; Sierpiński, Grzegorz (2020-12-07)

The determinants of children’s independent school mobility and the contextual discrepancies between these determinants have not been comprehensively investigated in previous studies. It is important to examine these determinants because independent school mobility is associated with children’s physical activity, according to the literature. This paper examined the associations of different grou...

Urban Sprawl, Socioeconomic Features, and Travel Patterns in Middle East Countries: A Case Study in Iran

Mehriar, Melika ; Masoumi, Houshmand ; Mohino, Inmaculada (2020-11-18)

The present study aimed to investigate different socioeconomic factors as well as the perceptions and travel behaviors associated with urban sprawl in two cities of different sizes in Iran, as a developing country in the Middle East. Four Weighted Least Squares (WLS) regression models were developed for Hamedan and Nowshahr, as examples of large and small cities in Iran, respectively. The findi...

Urban Commute Travel Distances in Tehran, Istanbul, and Cairo: Weighted Least Square Models

Masoumi, Houshmand (2020-08-23)

A very large part of the literature on urban commute travels is related to high-income countries. The determinants of urban commute trip distances are not clear in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA); thus, this study attempts to shed light on this topic in relation to Tehran, Istanbul, and Cairo. The objective is to clarify which environmental and human factors are correlated with commutin...

Videoüberwachung von Demonstrationen und die Definitionsmacht der Polizei. Zwischen Objektivitätsfiktion und selektiver Sanktionierung

Ullrich, Peter (2018-11-12)

Untersucht wird Videoüberwachung im Protest Policing auf Basis von Gruppendiskussionen und Expert/inneninterviews mit Polizist/innen sowie ethnografischen Beobachtungen. Die Polizei legitimiert Videoüberwachung mit dem Versprechen von Objektivität und strikter Rechtsdetermination. Im Aufsatz wird sie stattdessen als kontingenter Prozess der aktiven Konstruktion von Evidenz analysiert. Er besteh...

Multimodal Accessibility to Primary Health Services for the Elderly: A Case Study of Naples, Italy

Carpentieri, Gerardo ; Guida, Carmen ; Masoumi, Houshmand E. (2020-01-21)

In Europe, the share of people aged 65 years and above is expected to increase exponentially, and in 2050, for the first time in human history, the number of older people will be larger than the number of children under the age of 15. Aging is associated with increased vulnerability and dependence on medical care services. For these reasons, providing access to health services to people aged 65...

“Normal citizens” versus “Rowdies”: police categorisations of protesters in Germany

Ullrich, Peter (2019-10-16)

The paper investigates police perceptions of protesters. Based on group discussions with riot police and interviews with high ranking officers, six domains are analysed as dimensions of a risk constellation contributing to the emergence of an enemy image of the protester. The findings suggest that labels describing the “police counterpart” often express distance and opposition (1) and depolitic...

Organisierung und Mobilisierung im akademischen Kapitalismus

Ullrich, Peter (2019-10-02)

Die Beschäftigungsbedingungen von Wissenschaftler*innen im akademischen Mittelbau im weiteren Sinne sind überwiegend geprägt durch eine Gleichzeitigkeit des Ungleichzeitigen – durch einen extremen, politisch inszenierten Wettbewerb auf Quasi-Märkten einerseits (‚akademischer Kapitalismus‘) bei gleichzeitigem Weiterbestehen ‚feudaler‘, also stark personaler Abhängigkeiten von den ihre kleinen Fü...

Effectiveness of Ring Roads in Reducing Traffic Congestion in Cities for Long Run: Big Almaty Ring Road Case Study

Nugmanova, Assel ; Arndt, Wulf-Holger ; Hossain, Mohammad Aslam ; Kim, Jong Ryeol (2019-09-11)

It is common to increase road capacity by constructing ring roads to reduce traffic congestion in city areas, although this is often found to be ineffective in the long run. Accordingly, this study investigates various traffic congestion management approaches and their effectiveness in major cities, and explores an identical transport problem in Almaty, Kazakhstan: The Big Almaty Ring Road (BAK...

Employee roles in sustainability transformation processes: A move away from expertise and towards experience-driven sustainability management

Süßbauer, Elisabeth ; Maas-Deipenbrock, Rina Marie ; Friedrich, Silke ; Kreß-Ludwig, Michael ; Langen, Nina ; Muster, Viola (2019-01-01)

Corporate sustainability management usually relies on innovation experts ‐ that is, it relies on top-down and staff-unit approaches. Seeking out the involvement of employees from all company departments can substantially contribute to corporate greening. “Ordinary” employees are not trained as sustainability experts, yet it is precisely their experience within their own field and within the org...

The Adoption and Implementation of Transdisciplinary Research in the Field of Land-Use Science—A Comparative Case Study

Zscheischler, Jana ; Rogga, Sebastian ; Busse, Maria (2017-10-26)

Transdisciplinary research (TDR) is discussed as a promising approach in land-use science and spatial research to address complex multifaceted “real-world problems” and to design strategies and solutions for sustainable development. TDR has become a widespread research approach in sustainability science and is increasingly promoted by research programmes and agencies (e.g., Future Earth and Hor...

Facilitating Low-Carbon Living? A Comparison of Intervention Measures in Different Community-Based Initiatives

Schäfer, Martina ; Hielscher, Sabine ; Haas, Willi ; Hausknost, Daniel ; Leitner, Michaela ; Kunze, Iris ; Mandl, Sylvia (2018-04-02)

The challenge of facilitating a shift towards sustainable housing, food and mobility has been taken up by diverse community-based initiatives ranging from “top-down” approaches in low-carbon municipalities to “bottom-up” approaches in intentional communities. This paper compares intervention measures in four case study areas belonging to these two types, focusing on their potential of re-config...

In Itself But Not Yet For Itself – Organising The New Academic Precariat

Ullrich, Peter (2019)

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Corporate strategies for greening the workplace: findings from sustainability-oriented companies in Germany

Süßbauer, Elisabeth ; Schäfer, Martina (2019-04-13)

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Protestforschung zwischen allen Stühlen

Ullrich, Peter (2019-03-13)

Der Essay nimmt jüngere Angriffe auf die Protestforschung, sie sei staatliche „Gegnerkunde“, zum Anlass einer Analyse des Forschungsfeldes. Er geht der Frage nach der Berechtigung des Vorwurfs in zweierlei Hinsicht nach: Erstens werden die verschiedenen Beziehungsmuster zwischen den „Protestforscher*innen“ und ihrem Feld, die sich auf die Art der Wissensproduktion auswirken können, dargestellt....

Integration von Mitarbeitern als Konsumenten in Nachhaltigkeitsinnovationsprozesse

Muster, Viola ; Blazejewski, Susanne ; Schäfer, Martina ; Buhl, Anke ; Harrach, Christoph ; Schmidt-Keilich, Marc ; Süßbauer, Elisabeth (2016-12-14)

Die Integration von Konsumentinnen und Konsumenten in Nachhaltigkeitsinnovationsprozesse hat das Potenzial, diese Innovationen erfolgreicher zu machen. Allerdings ist die Einbindung besonders innovativer Konsumenten, sogenannter Lead User, vielfach sehr aufwendig, wenn diese außerhalb der Unternehmen identifiziert und für die Mitarbeit gewonnen werden müssen. In diesem Beitrag wird mit der Inte...

Greening the workplace: conceptualising workplaces as settings for enabling sustainable consumption

Süßbauer, Elisabeth ; Schäfer, Martina (2018-04-26)

This conceptual paper contributes to management studies on workplace-related pro-environmental behaviour (PEB) by combining approaches from social practice theory (SPT), the settings-based approach to health promotion as well as the literature on organisational learning. From these perspectives, sustainable consumption at the workplace is seen as being embedded in daily routines which are rarel...

Smart City: Zur Bedeutung des aktuellen Diskurses für die Arbeit am Zentrum Technik und Gesellschaft

Abraham, Michael ; Arndt, Wulf-Holger ; Campos, Ronaldo ; Fathejalali, Arman ; Jamerson, Gordon ; Keppler, Dorothee ; Rohde, Friederike ; Schröder, Carolin ; Süßbauer, Elisabeth ; Wendorf, Gabriele (2017-01)

Seit 2013 befasst sich eine interdisziplinäre Arbeitsgruppe am Zentrum Technik und Gesellschaft (ZTG) mit dem Thema Smart City. In diesem discussion paper werden die Ergebnisse dieser Arbeit zusammengefasst und diskutiert, um die ZTG-interne Diskussion und Meinungsbildung zum Thema zu unterstützen und unsere Perspektiven interessierten Dritten zugänglich zu machen. Kapitel 2 bietet ein Überblic...