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Main Title: Tolerance and adaptive evolution of triacylglycerol-producing Rhodococcus opacus to lignocellulose-derived inhibitors
Author(s): Kurosawa, Kazuhiko
Laser, Josephine
Sinskey, Anthony J
Type: Article
Language: English
Language Code: en
Abstract: Background: Lignocellulosic biomass has been investigated as a renewable non-food source for production of biofuels. A significant technical challenge to using lignocellulose is the presence of microbial growth inhibitors generated during pretreatment processes. Triacylglycerols (TAGs) are potential precursors for lipid-based biofuel production. Rhodococcus opacus MITXM-61 is an oleaginous bacterium capable of producing large amounts of TAGs on high concentrations of glucose and xylose present in lignocellulosic hydrolysates. However, this strain is sensitive to ligonocellulose-derived inhibitors. To understand the toxic effects of the inhibitors in lignocellulosic hydrolysates, strain MITXM-61 was examined for tolerance toward the potential inhibitors and was subjected to adaptive evolution for the resistance to the inhibitors. Results: We investigated growth-inhibitory effects by potential lignocellulose-derived inhibitors of phenols (lignin, vanillin, 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde (4-HB), syringaldehyde), furans (furfural and 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furaldehyde), and organic acids (levulinic acid, formic acid, and acetic acid) on the growth and TAG production of strain MITXM-61. Phenols and furans exhibited potent inhibitory effects at a concentration of 1 g L−1, while organic acids had insignificant impacts at concentrations of up to 2 g L−1. In an attempt to improve the inhibitor tolerance of strain MITXM-61, we evaluated the adaptation of this strain to the potential inhibitors. Adapted mutants were generated on defined agar media containing lignin, 4-HB, and syringaldehyde. Strain MITXM-61SHL33 with improved multiple resistance of lignin, 4-HB, and syringaldehyde was constructed through adaptive evolution-based strategies. The evolved strain exhibited a two- to threefold increase in resistance to lignin, 4-HB, and syringaldehyde at 50% growth-inhibitory concentrations, compared to the parental strain. When grown in genuine lignocellulosic hydrolysates of corn stover, wheat straw, and hardwood containing growth inhibitors, strain MITXM-61SHL33 exhibited a markedly shortened lag phase in comparison with that of strain MITXM-61. Conclusion: This study provides important clues to overcome the negative effects of inhibitors in lignocellulosic hydrolysates on TAG production of R. opacus cells. The findings can contribute to significant progress in detoxified pretreatment of hydrolysates and development of more efficient strains for industrial TAG fermentations of R. opacus using lignocellulosic biomass.
URI: urn:nbn:de:kobv:83-opus4-68821
Issue Date: 2015
Date Available: 20-Jul-2015
DDC Class: 570 Biowissenschaften; Biologie
660 Chemische Verfahrenstechnik
Subject(s): Adaptation
Lignocellulose-derived inhibitor
Lignocellulosic fuel
Lipid-based biofuel
Rhodococcus opacus
Journal Title: Biotechnology for Biofuels
Publisher: BioMed Central
Publisher Place: London
Volume: 8
Article Number: 76
Publisher DOI: 10.1186/s13068-015-0258-3
Notes: First published by BioMed Central Kurosawa, Kazuhiko ; Laser, Josephine ; Sinskey Anthony J : Tolerance and adaptive evolution of triacylglycerol-producing Rhodococcus opacus to lignocellulose-derived inhibitors. - In: Biotechnoloy for Biofuels. - ISSN 1754-6834 (online). - 8 (2015), art. 76. - doi:10.1186/s13068-015-0258-3.
Appears in Collections:Inst. Biotechnologie » Publications

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