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Main Title: Topology of silica supported vanadium-titanium oxide catalysts for oxidative dehydrogenation of propane
Author(s): Hamilton, Neil
Wolfram, Till
Müller, Genka Tzolova
Hävecker, Michael
Kröhnert, Jutta
Carrero, Carlos
Schomäcker, Reinhard
Trunschke, Annette
Schlögl, Robert
Type: Article
Language Code: en
Abstract: Two-dimensional vanadia and titania surface clusters were hosted on the walls of the hierarchical pore system of mesoporous silica SBA-15. The topology of the catalyst surface was varied by sequential grafting of vanadium and titanium alkoxides generating an extended library of mixed (VOx)n–(TiOx)n/SBA-15 catalysts. The surface of the catalysts was analyzed by FTIR, UV-vis, Raman, and NEXAFS spectroscopy. Electron microscopy, X-ray fluorescence, X-ray diffraction, and nitrogen adsorption have been applied to characterize chemical composition, micro- and meso-structure of the materials. Segregation of nano-crystalline vanadia and titania particles was excluded by UV-vis, Raman and NEXAFS spectroscopy. Monolayer coverage of titanium oxide surface species has been achieved in the range between 17 and 19 wt% Ti loading corresponding to 6–8 Ti atoms per nmcat2 and Si/Ti ratios between 3.3 and 2.8. Up to a critical total metal loading, vanadia is grafted on both the silica surface and surface titania species yielding tetrahedrally coordinated vanadium oxo-species characterized by low nuclearity and moderate catalytic activity. A volcano-type dependency with respect to the propylene space-time yield has been observed in the oxidative dehydrogenation of propane. The maximum in productivity of propylene is attributed to a particular surface topology that is characterized by (VOx)n islands embedded in a matrix of dispersed titania species forming an almost complete combined vanadia–titania monolayer on the silica surface.
Issue Date: 2012
Date Available: 29-Jun-2016
DDC Class: 540 Chemie und zugeordnete Wissenschaften
Sponsor/Funder: DFG, SFB 546, Struktur, Dynamik und Reaktivität von Übergangsmetalloxid-Aggregaten
Journal Title: Catalysis science & technology : a multidisciplinary journal focussing on all fundamental science and technological aspects of catalysis
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Publisher Place: Cambridge
Volume: 2
Issue: 7
Publisher DOI: 10.1039/c2cy00541g
Page Start: 1346
Page End: 1359
EISSN: 2044-4753
Notes: Dieser Beitrag ist mit Zustimmung des Rechteinhabers aufgrund einer (DFG geförderten) Allianz- bzw. Nationallizenz frei zugänglich.
This publication is with permission of the rights owner freely accessible due to an Alliance licence and a national licence (funded by the DFG, German Research Foundation) respectively.
Appears in Collections:Inst. Chemie » Publications

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