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Main Title: Phase diagram of two-dimensional systems of dipole-like colloids
Author(s): Schmidle, Heiko
Hall, Carol K.
Velev, Orlin D.
Klapp, Sabine H. L.
Type: Article
Language Code: en
Abstract: Based on Discontinuous Molecular Dynamics (DMD) simulations we present a phase diagram of two-dimensional nano-particles with dipole-like short-ranged interactions. Similar to systems with true, long-ranged dipolar interactions the present system undergoes a transition from an isotropic fluid phase into a polymer-like fluid, characterized by an association of most particles into clusters. Further decrease of the temperature leads to a percolated system which, moreover, displays dynamical properties reminiscent of a gel. Specifically, we find a plateau in the mean-squared displacement and a non-gaussian behavior of the self-part of the van Hove correlation function. In the high density region we observe crystallization from the isotropic fluid into a solid phase with hexagonal order. Surprisingly, the crystallization is accompanied by a global parallel ordering of the dipole moments, i.e., a ferroelectric phase. This behavior is in marked contrast to what is found in 2D systems with long-ranged dipolar interactions. Our results allow insights into the design of gel-like or highly ordered structures at interfaces, shells around droplets and bubbles and new-sheet like materials.
Issue Date: 2012
Date Available: 29-Jun-2016
DDC Class: 530 Physik
Sponsor/Funder: DFG, GRK 1524, Self-Assembled Soft-Matter Nanostructures at Interfaces
Journal Title: Soft matter
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Publisher Place: Cambridge
Volume: 8
Issue: 5
Publisher DOI: 10.1039/c1sm06576a
Page Start: 1521
Page End: 1531
EISSN: 1744-6848
ISSN: 1744-683X
Notes: Dieser Beitrag ist mit Zustimmung des Rechteinhabers aufgrund einer (DFG geförderten) Allianz- bzw. Nationallizenz frei zugänglich.
This publication is with permission of the rights owner freely accessible due to an Alliance licence and a national licence (funded by the DFG, German Research Foundation) respectively.
Appears in Collections:Inst. Theoretische Physik » Publications

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