FG Technischer Umweltschutz / Sustainable Engineering

34 Items

Recent Submissions
Product Environmental Footprint (PEF) Pilot Phase—Comparability over Flexibility?

Bach, Vanessa ; Lehmann, Annekatrin ; Görmer, Marcel ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2018-08-15)

The main goal of the European product environmental footprint (PEF) method is to increase comparability of environmental impacts of products within certain product categories by decreasing flexibility and therefore achieving reproducibility of results. Comparability is supposed to be further increased by developing product category specific rules (PEFCRs). The aim of this paper is to evaluate i...

Assessing Child Development: A Critical Review and the Sustainable Child Development Index (SCDI)

Chang, Ya-Ju ; Schneider, Laura ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2015-04-24)

Children are an important stakeholder group for sustainable development, as they represent the interface between current and future generations. A comprehensive assessment of child development (CD) in the context of sustainable development is still missing. In this paper, as a first step, a literature review is conducted to identify relevant aspects and gaps related to the assessment of CD. The...

Assessing the Ability of the Cradle to Cradle Certified™ Products Program to Reliably Determine the Environmental Performance of Products

Bach, Vanessa ; Minkov, Nikolay ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2018-05-14)

Concepts and tools supporting the design of environmentally friendly products (including materials, goods or services) have increased over the last years. The Cradle to Cradle Certified™ Products Program (C2CP) is one of these approaches. In this work, the ability of C2CP to reliably determine the environmental performance of products was analyzed through the application of a criteria-based ass...

Analyzing Changes in Supply Risks for Abiotic Resources over Time with the ESSENZ Method—A Data Update and Critical Reflection

Bach, Vanessa ; Berger, Markus ; Finogenova, Natalia ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2019-04-30)

In the last decade, several methods were developed to determine potential supply risks due to short term socio-economic aspects. One of them is the ESSENZ method (comprehensive method to measure and assess resource efficiency of products in the context of sustainable development) developed by the authors. Due to newly available data (e.g., production statistics) the characterization factors (CF...

Data for Fish Stock Assessment Obtained from the CMSY Algorithm for all Global FAO Datasets

Hélias, Arnaud (2019-05-24)

Assessing the state of fish stocks requires the determination of descriptors. They correspond to the absolute and relative (to the carrying capacity of the habitat) fish biomasses in the ecosystem, and the absolute and relative (to the intrinsic growth rate of the population) fishing mortality resulting from catches. This allows, among other things, to compare the catch with the maximum sustain...

Review of Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment and Potential for Its Adoption at an Automotive Company

Tarne, Peter ; Traverso, Marzia ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2017-04-23)

The aim of this paper is to guide the next steps of a PhD thesis through a structured review of the state of the art and implementation of Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment (LCSA), and to identify challenges and potentials for its adoption at an automotive company. First, the structured literature review was conducted on LCSA to screen the current methodological and practical implementations...

Messung von Ressourceneffizienz mit der ESSENZ-Methode

Bach, Vanessa ; Berger, Markus ; Henßler, Martin ; Kirchner, Martin ; Stefan, Leiser ; Mohr, Lisa ; Rother, Elmar ; Ruhland, Klaus ; Schneider, Laura ; Tikana, Ladji ; Volkhausen, Wolfgang ; Walachowicz, Frank ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2016)

Eine belastbare Methode zu entwickeln, um den Ressourceneinsatz zu bewerten, ist das Ziel dieses Buches. Notwendig ist dies, da das starke Wirtschaftswachstum der letzten Jahrzehnte zu einer intensiven Beanspruchung natürlicher Ressourcen geführt hat. Mit ihrer steigenden Nutzung gehen auch zusätzliche Belastungen der Umwelt sowie Restriktionen der Verfügbarkeit von Ressourcen einher. Aus diese...

Comprehensive approach for evaluating different resource types – Case study of abiotic and biotic resource use assessment methodologies

Bach, Vanessa ; Berger, Markus ; Forin, Silvia ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2018)

Due to steadily increasing resource demand and accompanying raising public awareness, a variety of assessment methodologies evaluating resource use and its consequences were published in the last years. Existing methodologies are typically developed considering the specific characteristics of one particular resource type and as consequence are not suitable for cross-cutting assessment of differ...

Product environmental footprint in policy and market decisions: Applicability and impact assessment

Lehmann, Annekatrin ; Bach, Vanessa ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2015)

In April 2013, the European Commission published the Product and Organisation Environmental Footprint (PEF/OEF) methodology—a life cycle‐based multicriteria measure of the environmental performance of products, services, and organizations. With its approach of “comparability over flexibility,” the PEF/OEF methodology aims at harmonizing existing methods, while decreasing the flexibility provide...

Approach to qualify decision support maturity of new versus established impact assessment methods—demonstrated for the categories acidification and eutrophication

Bach, Vanessa ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2016)

Purpose Initiatives like the EU Product Environmental Footprint have been pushing the discussion about the choice of life cycle impact assessment methods. Practitioners often prefer to use established methods for performance tracking, result stability, and consistency reasons. Method developers rather support newly developed methods. As case studies must provide consistent results in order to ...

Enhancing the assessment of critical resource use at the country level with the SCARCE method – Case study of Germany

Bach, Vanessa ; Finogenova, Natalia ; Berger, Markus ; Winter, Lisa ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2017)

The demand for many resources has increased significantly over the last decades due to their growing importance for industrial and technological development. Thus, various methods were developed to assess availability constraints of resources in relation to their vulnerability within countries and/or sectors (criticality). However, these methods display several short-comings. Thus, the aim of t...

Integrated method to assess resource efficiency – ESSENZ

Bach, Vanessa ; Berger, Markus ; Henßler, Martin ; Kirchner, Martin ; Leiser, Stefan ; Mohr, Lisa ; Rother, Elmar ; Ruhland, Klaus ; Schneider, Laura ; Ladji, Tikana ; Volkhausen, Wolfgang ; Walachowicz, Frank ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2016)

With increasing demand of abiotic resources also the pollution of natural resources like water and soil has risen in the last decades due to global industrial and technological development. Thus, enhancing resource efficiency is a key goal of national and international strategies. For a comprehensive assessment of all related impacts of resource extraction and use all three sustainability dimen...

Life cycle sustainability assessment at an automotive company

Tarne, Peter (2019)

Purpose: The assessment and improvement of sustainability impacts of products is integral to achieve sustainable development. A way to assess the impact of a product over its entire life cycle on all three dimensions of sustainability (environment, economy and society) is Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment (LCSA). LCSA suggests to carry out three complementary assessments: Life Cycle Assessme...

Resource Efficiency Assessment—Comparing a Plug-In Hybrid with a Conventional Combustion Engine

Henßler, Martin ; Bach, Vanessa ; Berger, Markus ; Finkbeiner, Matthias ; Ruhland, Klaus (2016)

The strong economic growth in recent years has led to an intensive use of natural resources, which causes environmental stress as well as restrictions on the availability of resources. Therefore, a more efficient use of resources is necessary as an important contribution to sustainable development. The ESSENZ method presented in this article comprehensively assesses a product’s resource efficie...

Assessing the Availability of Terrestrial Biotic Materials in Product Systems (BIRD)

Bach, Vanessa ; Berger, Markus ; Finogenova, Natalia ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2017)

Availability of abiotic resources has been a topic of concern in recent years, resulting in several approaches being published to determine their availability on country and product level. However, the availability of biotic materials has not been analyzed to this extent yet. Therefore, an approach to determine possible limitations to availability of terrestrial biotic materials over the entire...

Data availability and the need for research to localize, quantify and recycle critical metals in information technology, telecommunication and consumer equipment

Chancerel, Perrine ; Rotter, Vera Susanne ; Ueberschaar, Maximilian ; Marwede, Max ; Nissen, Nils F. ; Lang, Klaus-Dieter (2013)

The supply of critical metals like gallium, germanium, indium and rare earths elements (REE) is of technological, economic and strategic relevance in the manufacturing of electrical and electronic equipment (EEE). Recycling is one of the key strategies to secure the long-term supply of these metals. The dissipation of the metals related to the low concentrations in the products and to the confi...

Status of pre-processing of waste electrical and electronic equipment in Germany and its influence on the recovery of gold

Chancerel, Perrine ; Bolland, Til ; Rotter, Vera Susanne (2011)

Waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) contains gold in low but from an environmental and economic point of view relevant concentration. After collection, WEEE is pre-processed in order to generate appropriate material fractions that are sent to the subsequent end-processing stages (recovery, reuse or disposal). The goal of this research is to quantify the overall recovery rates of pr...

The Sustainable Child Development Index (SCDI)

Chang, Ya-Ju (2018)

Children and sustainable development are mutually supporting to each other. However, children are not widely addressed in existing sustainability assessments. The disregard of children in sustainability assessments can lead to incomplete evaluation of sustainable development. In addition, current children related studies have not yet considered topics with regard to sustainable development with...

Analysing impacts on biodiversity within the framework of life cycle assessment

Winter, Lisa (2018)

The flora, fauna and their surrounding ecosystems on earth are drastically decreasing since the era of industrialisation. Currently, the extinction rate of species is measured to be between 0.01% and 0.1% per year and is expected to increase in the future. This decline of life on earth is influencing human well-being because humans are dependent on the services ecosystems provide. In order to c...

Assessment of abiotic and biotic resource use for products and regions in the context of sustainable development

Bach, Vanessa (2018)

Resources are the basis for a thriving industrial and technological development and therefore for prosperity of present and future generations. With increasing resource use, challenges with regard to (physical and socio-economic) availability of abiotic and biotic resources and raw materials, pollution of the environment as well as social impacts associated with resource extraction and use aris...