FG Technischer Umweltschutz / Sustainable Engineering

15 Items

Recent Submissions
Assessment of abiotic and biotic resource use for products and regions in the context of sustainable development

Bach, Vanessa (2018)

Resources are the basis for a thriving industrial and technological development and therefore for prosperity of present and future generations. With increasing resource use, challenges with regard to (physical and socio-economic) availability of abiotic and biotic resources and raw materials, pollution of the environment as well as social impacts associated with resource extraction and use aris...

Application options of the Sustainable Child Development Index (SCDI) – assessing the status of sustainable development and establishing social impact pathways

Chang, Ya-Ju ; Lehmann, Annekatrin ; Winter, Lisa ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2018-07-02)

The needs of children and their vulnerability to diseases, violence and poverty are different from those of adults. The Sustainable Child Development Index (SCDI) was thus developed in previous work to evaluate the status of sustainable development for countries with a focus on children and triple-bottom-line thinking. This study proposes application options to put the SCDI into practice. The S...

Identifikation und Detektion von Indikatororganismen in technischen Systemen

Schleicher, Maria (2018)

Wasser ist ein essentieller Grundstoff für alle Organismen der Erde und damit einer der wichtigsten Ressourcen. Die Forschung auf dem Gebiet der Wasserwiederverwendung und Wasserrückgewinnung ist von enormer Bedeutung. Durch die Teilnahme an einem internationalen Forschungsprojekt entstand die Motivation, Überwachungs- und Kontrolloptionen für Desinfektionsprozesse weiterzuentwickeln. In der ko...

The WULCA consensus characterization model for water scarcity footprints: assessing impacts of water consumption based on available water remaining (AWARE)

Boulay, Anne-Marie ; Bare, Jane ; Benini, Lorenzo ; Berger, Markus ; Lathuillière, Michael J. ; Manzardo, Alessandro ; Margni, Manuele ; Motoshita, Masaharu ; Núñez, Montserrat ; Pastor, Amandine Valerie ; Ridoutt, Bradley ; Oki, Taikan ; Worbe, Sebastien ; Pfister, Stephan (2017-06-08)

Purpose Life cycle assessment (LCA) has been used to assess freshwater-related impacts according to a new water footprint framework formalized in the ISO 14046 standard. To date, no consensus-based approach exists for applying this standard and results are not always comparable when different scarcity or stress indicators are used for characterization of impacts. This paper presents the outcom...

The Sustainable Child Development Index (SCDI) for countries

Chang, Ya-Ju ; Lehmann, Annekatrin ; Winter, Lisa ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2018-05-14)

Despite the relevance of children in inheriting and shaping society, an index assessing sustainable development with a focus on children is missing. To tackle this gap, this study established the Sustainable Child Development Index (SCDI) by considering child development topics in the context of inter-generational equity and applying indicators with available statistical data on country level. ...

Addressing sustainability and flexibility in manufacturing via smart modular machine tool frames to support sustainable value creation

Peukert, Bernd ; Benecke, Stephan ; Clavell, Janire ; Neugebauer, Sabrina ; Nissen, Nils F. ; Uhlmann, Eckart ; Lang, Klaus-Dieter ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2015)

Sustainability and flexibility are crucial aspects in todays’ manufacturing processes. Within this study an innovative approach of modular machine tool frames (MMTF) equipped with micro system technology is presented that aims at enhancing flexibility of mutable production processes. This new approach extends the existing reconfigurable manufacturing systems (RMS). MMTF goes beyond the platform...

Sustainable corporate development measured by intangible and tangible resources as well as targeted by safeguard subjects

Orth, Ronald ; Scheumann, René ; Galeitzke, Mila ; Wolf, Kirana ; Kohl, Holger ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2015)

The needed shift towards sustainable development in existing business processes can be achieved through the combination of the capital based approach and the life cycle sustainability assessment. This contribution performs an analysis and selection of assessment tools and indicators regarding the resources used in organisational processes and the life cycle of the products or services to measur...

Environmental and Social Life Cycle Assessment of welding technologies

Chang, Ya-Ju ; Sproesser, Gunther ; Neugebauer, Sabrina ; Wolf, Kirana ; Scheumann, René ; Pittner, Andreas ; Rethmeier, Michael ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2015)

Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and Social Life Cycle Assessment (SLCA) are applied in evaluating possible social and environmental impacts of the state-of-art welding technologies, such as Manual Metal Arc Welding (MMAW), Manual Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW), Automatic GMAW and Automatic Laser-Arc Hybrid Welding (LAHW). The LCA results indicate that for 1 meter weld seam, MMAW consumes the largest ...

Evaluating Sustainable Development from a Child's Perspective - A Proposal of Sustainable Child Development Index (SCDI)

Chang, Ya-Ju ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2016)

In Social Life Cycle Assessment (SLCA), the UNEP guideline proposes the five stakeholder groups to investigate the corresponding social issues from a whole-population perspective. Despite the relevance of children in inheriting and forming the society in the context of sustainable development, children are neglected as a relevant stakeholder group. To consider children's interests and influence...

Adapting Ergonomic Assessments to Social Life Cycle Assessment

Chang, Ya-Ju ; Nguyen, The Duy ; Finkbeiner, Matthias ; Krüger, Jörg (2016)

In Social Life Cycle Assessment (SLCA), the health and safety aspect of workers is usually evaluated by considering the numbers of injuries and accidents; however, the work related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), which dominate occupational diseases, are often neglected in SLCA since the effects do not occur immediately. Thus, the MSDs lead to increased working absences and compensation costs...

Characterization of the Cradle to Cradle Certified™ Products Program in the context of eco-labels and environmental declarations

Minkov, Nikolay ; Bach, Vanessa ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2018-03-07)

(1) Background: The Cradle to Cradle Certified™ Products Program (C2C Certified for short) is a scheme for the certification of products that meet the criteria and principles of the Cradle to Cradle® design approach. The objective of this paper is to characterize C2C Certified as an instrument for external communication in the context of environmental labeling and declarations. (2) Method: An e...

Amount of water needed to save 1 m3 of water: life cycle assessment of a flow regulator

Berger, Markus ; Söchtig, Michael ; Weis, Christoph ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2015)

Water saving devices in the sanitary equipment, such as flow regulators, are assumed to be environmentally advantageous even though their environmental benefit has never been compared to the environmental burden caused during their production und disposal. Therefore, a life cycle assessment according to ISO 14044 has been conducted to identify and quantify the environmental effects throughout t...

Improving sustainability by technology assessment and systems analysis: the case of IWRM Indonesia

Lehn, Helmut ; Nayono, Suwartanti ; Lehmann, Annekatrin ; Kopfmüller, Jürgen (2016)

To support the implementation of the IWRM-Indonesia process in a water scarce and sanitation poor region of Central Java (Indonesia), sustainability assessments of several technology options of water supply and sanitation were carried out based on the conceptual framework of the integrative sustainability concept of the German Helmholtz association. In the case of water supply, the assessment w...

Screening indicators for the Sustainable Child Development Index (SCDI)

Chang, Ya-Ju ; Lehmann, Annekatrin ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2017)

Since children are the key stakeholders supporting and being affected by sustainable development, the framework for the Sustainable Child Development Index (SCDI) was proposed. It addresses social, economic and environmental dimensions of sustainable development by considering seven relevant themes of child development, i.e., health, education, safety, economic status, relationship, environment...

Assessing the availability of terrestrial biotic materials in product systems (BIRD)

Bach, Vanessa ; Berger, Markus ; Finogenova, Natalia ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2017-01-18)

Availability of abiotic resources has been a topic of concern in recent years, resulting in several approaches being published to determine their availability on country and product level. However, the availability of biotic materials has not been analyzed to this extent yet. Therefore, an approach to determine possible limitations to availability of terrestrial biotic materials over the entire...