FG Technischer Umweltschutz / Sustainable Engineering

26 Items

Recent Submissions
Comprehensive approach for evaluating different resource types – Case study of abiotic and biotic resource use assessment methodologies

Bach, Vanessa ; Berger, Markus ; Forin, Silvia ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2018)

Due to steadily increasing resource demand and accompanying raising public awareness, a variety of assessment methodologies evaluating resource use and its consequences were published in the last years. Existing methodologies are typically developed considering the specific characteristics of one particular resource type and as consequence are not suitable for cross-cutting assessment of differ...

Product environmental footprint in policy and market decisions: Applicability and impact assessment

Lehmann, Annekatrin ; Bach, Vanessa ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2015)

In April 2013, the European Commission published the Product and Organisation Environmental Footprint (PEF/OEF) methodology—a life cycle‐based multicriteria measure of the environmental performance of products, services, and organizations. With its approach of “comparability over flexibility,” the PEF/OEF methodology aims at harmonizing existing methods, while decreasing the flexibility provide...

Approach to qualify decision support maturity of new versus established impact assessment methods—demonstrated for the categories acidification and eutrophication

Bach, Vanessa ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2016)

Purpose Initiatives like the EU Product Environmental Footprint have been pushing the discussion about the choice of life cycle impact assessment methods. Practitioners often prefer to use established methods for performance tracking, result stability, and consistency reasons. Method developers rather support newly developed methods. As case studies must provide consistent results in order to ...

Enhancing the assessment of critical resource use at the country level with the SCARCE method – Case study of Germany

Bach, Vanessa ; Finogenova, Natalia ; Berger, Markus ; Winter, Lisa ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2017)

The demand for many resources has increased significantly over the last decades due to their growing importance for industrial and technological development. Thus, various methods were developed to assess availability constraints of resources in relation to their vulnerability within countries and/or sectors (criticality). However, these methods display several short-comings. Thus, the aim of t...

Integrated method to assess resource efficiency – ESSENZ

Bach, Vanessa ; Berger, Markus ; Henßler, Martin ; Kirchner, Martin ; Leiser, Stefan ; Mohr, Lisa ; Rother, Elmar ; Ruhland, Klaus ; Schneider, Laura ; Ladji, Tikana ; Volkhausen, Wolfgang ; Walachowicz, Frank ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2016)

With increasing demand of abiotic resources also the pollution of natural resources like water and soil has risen in the last decades due to global industrial and technological development. Thus, enhancing resource efficiency is a key goal of national and international strategies. For a comprehensive assessment of all related impacts of resource extraction and use all three sustainability dimen...

Life cycle sustainability assessment at an automotive company

Tarne, Peter (2019)

Purpose: The assessment and improvement of sustainability impacts of products is integral to achieve sustainable development. A way to assess the impact of a product over its entire life cycle on all three dimensions of sustainability (environment, economy and society) is Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment (LCSA). LCSA suggests to carry out three complementary assessments: Life Cycle Assessme...

Resource Efficiency Assessment—Comparing a Plug-In Hybrid with a Conventional Combustion Engine

Henßler, Martin ; Bach, Vanessa ; Berger, Markus ; Finkbeiner, Matthias ; Ruhland, Klaus (2016)

The strong economic growth in recent years has led to an intensive use of natural resources, which causes environmental stress as well as restrictions on the availability of resources. Therefore, a more efficient use of resources is necessary as an important contribution to sustainable development. The ESSENZ method presented in this article comprehensively assesses a product’s resource efficie...

Assessing the Availability of Terrestrial Biotic Materials in Product Systems (BIRD)

Bach, Vanessa ; Berger, Markus ; Finogenova, Natalia ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2017)

Availability of abiotic resources has been a topic of concern in recent years, resulting in several approaches being published to determine their availability on country and product level. However, the availability of biotic materials has not been analyzed to this extent yet. Therefore, an approach to determine possible limitations to availability of terrestrial biotic materials over the entire...

Data availability and the need for research to localize, quantify and recycle critical metals in information technology, telecommunication and consumer equipment

Chancerel, Perrine ; Rotter, Vera Susanne ; Ueberschaar, Maximilian ; Marwede, Max ; Nissen, Nils F. ; Lang, Klaus-Dieter (2013)

The supply of critical metals like gallium, germanium, indium and rare earths elements (REE) is of technological, economic and strategic relevance in the manufacturing of electrical and electronic equipment (EEE). Recycling is one of the key strategies to secure the long-term supply of these metals. The dissipation of the metals related to the low concentrations in the products and to the confi...

Status of pre-processing of waste electrical and electronic equipment in Germany and its influence on the recovery of gold

Chancerel, Perrine ; Bolland, Til ; Rotter, Vera Susanne (2011)

Waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) contains gold in low but from an environmental and economic point of view relevant concentration. After collection, WEEE is pre-processed in order to generate appropriate material fractions that are sent to the subsequent end-processing stages (recovery, reuse or disposal). The goal of this research is to quantify the overall recovery rates of pr...

Analysing impacts on biodiversity within the framework of life cycle assessment

Winter, Lisa (2018)

The flora, fauna and their surrounding ecosystems on earth are drastically decreasing since the era of industrialisation. Currently, the extinction rate of species is measured to be between 0.01% and 0.1% per year and is expected to increase in the future. This decline of life on earth is influencing human well-being because humans are dependent on the services ecosystems provide. In order to c...

Assessment of abiotic and biotic resource use for products and regions in the context of sustainable development

Bach, Vanessa (2018)

Resources are the basis for a thriving industrial and technological development and therefore for prosperity of present and future generations. With increasing resource use, challenges with regard to (physical and socio-economic) availability of abiotic and biotic resources and raw materials, pollution of the environment as well as social impacts associated with resource extraction and use aris...

Application options of the Sustainable Child Development Index (SCDI) – assessing the status of sustainable development and establishing social impact pathways

Chang, Ya-Ju ; Lehmann, Annekatrin ; Winter, Lisa ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2018-07-02)

The needs of children and their vulnerability to diseases, violence and poverty are different from those of adults. The Sustainable Child Development Index (SCDI) was thus developed in previous work to evaluate the status of sustainable development for countries with a focus on children and triple-bottom-line thinking. This study proposes application options to put the SCDI into practice. The S...

Identifikation und Detektion von Indikatororganismen in technischen Systemen

Schleicher, Maria (2018)

Wasser ist ein essentieller Grundstoff für alle Organismen der Erde und damit einer der wichtigsten Ressourcen. Die Forschung auf dem Gebiet der Wasserwiederverwendung und Wasserrückgewinnung ist von enormer Bedeutung. Durch die Teilnahme an einem internationalen Forschungsprojekt entstand die Motivation, Überwachungs- und Kontrolloptionen für Desinfektionsprozesse weiterzuentwickeln. In der ko...

The WULCA consensus characterization model for water scarcity footprints: assessing impacts of water consumption based on available water remaining (AWARE)

Boulay, Anne-Marie ; Bare, Jane ; Benini, Lorenzo ; Berger, Markus ; Lathuillière, Michael J. ; Manzardo, Alessandro ; Margni, Manuele ; Motoshita, Masaharu ; Núñez, Montserrat ; Pastor, Amandine Valerie ; Ridoutt, Bradley ; Oki, Taikan ; Worbe, Sebastien ; Pfister, Stephan (2017-06-08)

Purpose Life cycle assessment (LCA) has been used to assess freshwater-related impacts according to a new water footprint framework formalized in the ISO 14046 standard. To date, no consensus-based approach exists for applying this standard and results are not always comparable when different scarcity or stress indicators are used for characterization of impacts. This paper presents the outcom...

The Sustainable Child Development Index (SCDI) for countries

Chang, Ya-Ju ; Lehmann, Annekatrin ; Winter, Lisa ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2018-05-14)

Despite the relevance of children in inheriting and shaping society, an index assessing sustainable development with a focus on children is missing. To tackle this gap, this study established the Sustainable Child Development Index (SCDI) by considering child development topics in the context of inter-generational equity and applying indicators with available statistical data on country level. ...

Addressing sustainability and flexibility in manufacturing via smart modular machine tool frames to support sustainable value creation

Peukert, Bernd ; Benecke, Stephan ; Clavell, Janire ; Neugebauer, Sabrina ; Nissen, Nils F. ; Uhlmann, Eckart ; Lang, Klaus-Dieter ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2015)

Sustainability and flexibility are crucial aspects in todays’ manufacturing processes. Within this study an innovative approach of modular machine tool frames (MMTF) equipped with micro system technology is presented that aims at enhancing flexibility of mutable production processes. This new approach extends the existing reconfigurable manufacturing systems (RMS). MMTF goes beyond the platform...

Sustainable corporate development measured by intangible and tangible resources as well as targeted by safeguard subjects

Orth, Ronald ; Scheumann, René ; Galeitzke, Mila ; Wolf, Kirana ; Kohl, Holger ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2015)

The needed shift towards sustainable development in existing business processes can be achieved through the combination of the capital based approach and the life cycle sustainability assessment. This contribution performs an analysis and selection of assessment tools and indicators regarding the resources used in organisational processes and the life cycle of the products or services to measur...

Environmental and Social Life Cycle Assessment of welding technologies

Chang, Ya-Ju ; Sproesser, Gunther ; Neugebauer, Sabrina ; Wolf, Kirana ; Scheumann, René ; Pittner, Andreas ; Rethmeier, Michael ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2015)

Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and Social Life Cycle Assessment (SLCA) are applied in evaluating possible social and environmental impacts of the state-of-art welding technologies, such as Manual Metal Arc Welding (MMAW), Manual Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW), Automatic GMAW and Automatic Laser-Arc Hybrid Welding (LAHW). The LCA results indicate that for 1 meter weld seam, MMAW consumes the largest ...

Evaluating Sustainable Development from a Child's Perspective - A Proposal of Sustainable Child Development Index (SCDI)

Chang, Ya-Ju ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2016)

In Social Life Cycle Assessment (SLCA), the UNEP guideline proposes the five stakeholder groups to investigate the corresponding social issues from a whole-population perspective. Despite the relevance of children in inheriting and forming the society in the context of sustainable development, children are neglected as a relevant stakeholder group. To consider children's interests and influence...