FG Technischer Umweltschutz / Sustainable Engineering

41 Items

Recent Submissions
Communication of environmental product information:

Minkov, Nikolay Mihaylov (2020)

Environmental labels and declarations (or ecolabels) are instruments to communicate the environmental performance of products. The relevance of environmental communication has been highlighted in Europe as far back in the 2000s when the Integrated Product Policy has been settled. Nowadays, environmental labelling is among the policy tools supported by the European Commission (EC) in the improve...

Valuing Biodiversity in Life Cycle Impact Assessment

Lindner, Jan Paul ; Fehrenbach, Horst ; Winter, Lisa ; Bischoff, Mascha ; Bloemer, Judith ; Knuepffer, Eva (2019-10-12)

In this article, the authors propose an impact assessment method for life cycle assessment (LCA) that adheres to established LCA principles for land use-related impact assessment, bridges current research gaps and addresses the requirements of different stakeholders for a methodological framework. The conservation of biodiversity is a priority for humanity, as expressed in the framework of the ...

Product Category Rules (PCR) for pharmaceutical products and processes

Siegert, Marc-William ; Finkbeiner, Matthias ; Emara, Yasmine ; Lehmann, Annekatrin (2019-12)

The occurrence of pharmaceuticals in the environment, their potential toxicological effects on humans and wildlife as well as resource-intensive production processes have led to increasing concerns of different stakeholders. To identify and assess potential environmental impacts along the value chain, Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) can be used. This publication presents an applicable LCA-based app...

Hybrid approach for the evaluation of organizational indirect impacts (AVOID): combining product-related, process-based, and monetary-based methods

Finogenova, Natalia ; Bach, Vanessa ; Berger, Markus ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2018-11-05)

Purpose: Environmental burden caused by an organization occurs both within its boundaries and in its value chain. Organizational life cycle assessment (LCA) was proposed as a method for calculating impacts of an organization throughout its life cycle; nevertheless, companies are still lacking a universal approach to conduct inventory analysis and face challenges in data collection. This paper i...

Enhancing the Water Accounting and Vulnerability Evaluation Model: WAVE+

Berger, Markus ; Eisner, Stephanie ; van der Ent, Ruud ; Flörke, Martina ; Link, Andreas ; Poligkeit, Joseph ; Bach, Vanessa ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2018-07-20)

Due to the increasing relevance of analyzing water consumption along product life cycles, the water accounting and vulnerability evaluation model (WAVE) has been updated and methodologically enhanced. Recent data from the atmospheric moisture tracking model WAM2-layers is used to update the basin internal evaporation recycling (BIER) ratio, which denotes atmospheric moisture recycling within dr...

Benchmarking and environmental performance classes in life cycle assessment—development of a procedure for non-leather shoes in the context of the Product Environmental Footprint

Gül, Sarah ; Spielmann, Michael ; Lehmann, Annekatrin ; Eggers, Diana ; Bach, Vanessa ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2015-10-22)

Purpose: In the process of developing Product Environmental Footprint Category Rules (PEFCR)—currently tested in various pilots in the Single Market for Green Products initiative of the European Commission—the definition of product category benchmarks and environmental performance classes is a crucial element of each PEFCR. Whilst life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology developed over the last ...

Characterization model to assess ocean acidification within life cycle assessment

Bach, Vanessa ; Möller, Franziska ; Finogenova, Natalia ; Emara, Yasmine ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2016-04-24)

Purpose: Ocean acidification due to the absorption of increasing amounts of atmospheric carbon dioxide has become a severe problem in the recent years as more and more marine species are influenced by the decreasing pH value as well as by the reduced carbonate ion concentration. So far, no characterization model exists for ocean acidification. This paper aims to establish such a characterizatio...

Product Environmental Footprint (PEF) Pilot Phase—Comparability over Flexibility?

Bach, Vanessa ; Lehmann, Annekatrin ; Görmer, Marcel ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2018-08-15)

The main goal of the European product environmental footprint (PEF) method is to increase comparability of environmental impacts of products within certain product categories by decreasing flexibility and therefore achieving reproducibility of results. Comparability is supposed to be further increased by developing product category specific rules (PEFCRs). The aim of this paper is to evaluate i...

Assessing Child Development: A Critical Review and the Sustainable Child Development Index (SCDI)

Chang, Ya-Ju ; Schneider, Laura ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2015-04-24)

Children are an important stakeholder group for sustainable development, as they represent the interface between current and future generations. A comprehensive assessment of child development (CD) in the context of sustainable development is still missing. In this paper, as a first step, a literature review is conducted to identify relevant aspects and gaps related to the assessment of CD. The...

Assessing the Ability of the Cradle to Cradle Certified™ Products Program to Reliably Determine the Environmental Performance of Products

Bach, Vanessa ; Minkov, Nikolay ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2018-05-14)

Concepts and tools supporting the design of environmentally friendly products (including materials, goods or services) have increased over the last years. The Cradle to Cradle Certified™ Products Program (C2CP) is one of these approaches. In this work, the ability of C2CP to reliably determine the environmental performance of products was analyzed through the application of a criteria-based ass...

Analyzing Changes in Supply Risks for Abiotic Resources over Time with the ESSENZ Method—A Data Update and Critical Reflection

Bach, Vanessa ; Berger, Markus ; Finogenova, Natalia ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2019-04-30)

In the last decade, several methods were developed to determine potential supply risks due to short term socio-economic aspects. One of them is the ESSENZ method (comprehensive method to measure and assess resource efficiency of products in the context of sustainable development) developed by the authors. Due to newly available data (e.g., production statistics) the characterization factors (CF...

Data for Fish Stock Assessment Obtained from the CMSY Algorithm for all Global FAO Datasets

Hélias, Arnaud (2019-05-24)

Assessing the state of fish stocks requires the determination of descriptors. They correspond to the absolute and relative (to the carrying capacity of the habitat) fish biomasses in the ecosystem, and the absolute and relative (to the intrinsic growth rate of the population) fishing mortality resulting from catches. This allows, among other things, to compare the catch with the maximum sustain...

Review of Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment and Potential for Its Adoption at an Automotive Company

Tarne, Peter ; Traverso, Marzia ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2017-04-23)

The aim of this paper is to guide the next steps of a PhD thesis through a structured review of the state of the art and implementation of Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment (LCSA), and to identify challenges and potentials for its adoption at an automotive company. First, the structured literature review was conducted on LCSA to screen the current methodological and practical implementations...

Messung von Ressourceneffizienz mit der ESSENZ-Methode

Bach, Vanessa ; Berger, Markus ; Henßler, Martin ; Kirchner, Martin ; Stefan, Leiser ; Mohr, Lisa ; Rother, Elmar ; Ruhland, Klaus ; Schneider, Laura ; Tikana, Ladji ; Volkhausen, Wolfgang ; Walachowicz, Frank ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2016)

Eine belastbare Methode zu entwickeln, um den Ressourceneinsatz zu bewerten, ist das Ziel dieses Buches. Notwendig ist dies, da das starke Wirtschaftswachstum der letzten Jahrzehnte zu einer intensiven Beanspruchung natürlicher Ressourcen geführt hat. Mit ihrer steigenden Nutzung gehen auch zusätzliche Belastungen der Umwelt sowie Restriktionen der Verfügbarkeit von Ressourcen einher. Aus diese...

Comprehensive approach for evaluating different resource types – Case study of abiotic and biotic resource use assessment methodologies

Bach, Vanessa ; Berger, Markus ; Forin, Silvia ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2018)

Due to steadily increasing resource demand and accompanying raising public awareness, a variety of assessment methodologies evaluating resource use and its consequences were published in the last years. Existing methodologies are typically developed considering the specific characteristics of one particular resource type and as consequence are not suitable for cross-cutting assessment of differ...

Product environmental footprint in policy and market decisions: Applicability and impact assessment

Lehmann, Annekatrin ; Bach, Vanessa ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2015)

In April 2013, the European Commission published the Product and Organisation Environmental Footprint (PEF/OEF) methodology—a life cycle‐based multicriteria measure of the environmental performance of products, services, and organizations. With its approach of “comparability over flexibility,” the PEF/OEF methodology aims at harmonizing existing methods, while decreasing the flexibility provide...

Approach to qualify decision support maturity of new versus established impact assessment methods—demonstrated for the categories acidification and eutrophication

Bach, Vanessa ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2016)

Purpose Initiatives like the EU Product Environmental Footprint have been pushing the discussion about the choice of life cycle impact assessment methods. Practitioners often prefer to use established methods for performance tracking, result stability, and consistency reasons. Method developers rather support newly developed methods. As case studies must provide consistent results in order to ...

Enhancing the assessment of critical resource use at the country level with the SCARCE method – Case study of Germany

Bach, Vanessa ; Finogenova, Natalia ; Berger, Markus ; Winter, Lisa ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2017)

The demand for many resources has increased significantly over the last decades due to their growing importance for industrial and technological development. Thus, various methods were developed to assess availability constraints of resources in relation to their vulnerability within countries and/or sectors (criticality). However, these methods display several short-comings. Thus, the aim of t...

Integrated method to assess resource efficiency – ESSENZ

Bach, Vanessa ; Berger, Markus ; Henßler, Martin ; Kirchner, Martin ; Leiser, Stefan ; Mohr, Lisa ; Rother, Elmar ; Ruhland, Klaus ; Schneider, Laura ; Ladji, Tikana ; Volkhausen, Wolfgang ; Walachowicz, Frank ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2016)

With increasing demand of abiotic resources also the pollution of natural resources like water and soil has risen in the last decades due to global industrial and technological development. Thus, enhancing resource efficiency is a key goal of national and international strategies. For a comprehensive assessment of all related impacts of resource extraction and use all three sustainability dimen...

Life cycle sustainability assessment at an automotive company

Tarne, Peter (2019)

Purpose: The assessment and improvement of sustainability impacts of products is integral to achieve sustainable development. A way to assess the impact of a product over its entire life cycle on all three dimensions of sustainability (environment, economy and society) is Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment (LCSA). LCSA suggests to carry out three complementary assessments: Life Cycle Assessme...