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Main Title: Catching two European birds with one renewable stone
Subtitle: mitigating climate change and Eurozone crisis by an energy transition
Author(s): Creutzig, Felix
Goldschmidt, Jan Christoph
Lehman, Paul
Schmid, Eva
Blücher, Felix von
Breyer, Christian
Fernandez Milan, Blanca
Jakob, Michael
Knopf, Brigitte
Lohrey, Steffen
Susca, Tiziana
Wiegandt, Konstantin
Type: Article
Language Code: en
Is Part Of: 10.14279/depositonce-5521
Abstract: The threat of climate change and other risks for ecosystems and human health require a transition of the energy system from fossil fuels towards renewable energies and higher efficiency. The European geographical periphery, and specifically Southern Europe, has considerable potential for renewable energies. At the same time it is also stricken by high levels of public debt and unemployment, and struggles with austerity policies as consequences of the Eurozone crisis. Modelling studies find a broad optimum when searching for a cost-optimal deployment of renewable energy installations. This allows for the consideration of additional policy objectives. Simultaneously, economists argue for an increase in public expenditure to compensate for the slump in private investments and to provide economic stimulus. This paper combines these two perspectives. We assess the potential for renewable energies in the European periphery, and highlight relevant costs and barriers for a large-scale transition to a renewable energy system. We find that a European energy transition with a high-level of renewable energy installations in the periphery could act as an economic stimulus, decrease trade deficits, and possibly have positive employment effects. Our analysis also suggests that country- specific conditions and policy frameworks require member state policies to play a leading role in fostering an energy transition. This notwithstanding, a stronger European-wide coordination of regulatory frameworks and supportive funding schemes would leverage country-specific action. Renewed solidarity could be the most valuable outcome of a commonly designed and implemented European energy transition.
Issue Date: 2014
Date Available: 17-Mar-2017
DDC Class: 330 Wirtschaft
Subject(s): energy transition
renewable energies
multiple-objective policy framework
Journal Title: Renewable & sustainable energy reviews
Publisher: Elsevier
Publisher Place: Amsterdam [u.a.]
Volume: 38
Issue: October 2014
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2014.07.028
Page Start: 1015
Page End: 1028
EISSN: 1879-0690
Appears in Collections:FG Städtebau und Urbanisierung » Publications

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