FG Umweltprüfung und Umweltplanung

20 Items

Recent Submissions
Landscape Transformation Influences Responses of Terrestrial Small Mammals to Land Use Intensity in North-Central Namibia

Starik, Nicole ; Mbango, Oskar Kandali ; Bengsch, Susanne ; Göttert, Thomas ; Zeller, Ulrich (2020-12-21)

In this study, we investigate and compare the response patterns of small mammal communities to increasing land use intensity in two study areas: private farmland at the southern boundary of Etosha National Park and smallholder farmland in Tsumeb agricultural area. Species richness, community composition and a standardized capture index (RCI) are compared between sites of (a) increasing grazing ...

From Planning to Implementation? The Role of Climate Change Adaptation Plans to Tackle Heat Stress: A Case Study of Berlin, Germany

Mahlkow, Nicole ; Donner, Julie (2016-08-22)

Global climate change increases the necessity for mid-latitude cities to tackle urban heat. Climate change adaptation plans are common policy mechanisms to approach the issue. This paper studies the city climate development plan (StEP Klima) of Berlin, Germany, by using Constellation Analysis. We analyzed to what extent StEP Klima might trigger planning and governance processes for the implemen...

Good Governance: A Framework for Implementing Sustainable Land Management, Applied to an Agricultural Case in Northeast-Brazil

Rodorff, Verena ; Siegmund-Schultze, Marianna ; Guschal, Maike ; Hölzl, Sonja ; Köppel, Johann (2019-08-09)

Land management needs to cope with persistent environmental and societal changes. This requires functional governance systems. The purpose of this research is to develop a good governance framework for the implementation of sustainable land management. Good governance theory is extensive, although its operationalization remains difficult. We derived a set of good governance attributes from the ...

Biodiversity Offset Program Design and Implementation

Grimm, Marie ; Köppel, Johann (2019-12-04)

Biodiversity offsets are applied in many countries to compensate for impacts on the environment, but research on regulatory frameworks and implementation enabling effective offsets is lacking. This paper reviews research on biodiversity offsets, providing a framework for the analysis of program design (no net loss goal, uncertainty and ratios, equivalence and accounting, site selection, landsca...

Wie strategisch ist die strategische Umweltprüfung in Deutschland?

Rehhausen, Anke (2019)

Die Strategische Umweltprüfung (SUP) ist eine Umweltprüfung für Pläne, Programme und Policiesund entstand als Ergänzung zur Umweltverträglichkeitsprüfung (UVP) auf Projektebene. In der Europäischen Union ist die SUP jedoch nur für Pläne und Programme eingeführt worden. Mit der Einführung der Strategischen Umweltprüfung in der Europäischen Union und in Deutschland war und ist die Hoffnung verbun...

Productivity and Oil Content in Relation to Jatropha Fruit Ripening under Tropical Dry-Forest Conditions

Cañadas-López, Álvaro ; Rade-Loor, Diana Yasbhet ; Siegmund-Schultze, Marianna ; Iriarte-Vera, Marys ; Domínguez-Andrade, Juan Manuel ; Vargas-Hernández, Jesús ; Wehenkel, Christian (2018-10-04)

Jatropha is promoted as a pro-poor bioenergy plant, while basic information about its productivity, age of maximum production, and oil content are missing. This study aims to determine the seed yield (dry weight) for three INIAP elite jatropha accessions, and to evaluate the changes in physical and chemical seed traits at the different fruit ripening stage in a split-plot design. Maximum seed p...

Nutrient recycling from sanitation and energy systems to the agroecosystem - Ecological research on case studies in Karagwe, Tanzania

Krause, Ariane ; Kaupenjohann, Martin ; George, Eckhard ; Köppel, Johann (2015)

Open cycles of organic carbon and nutrients cause soil degradation. Procedures such as ecological sanitation (EcoSan), bioenergy and Terra Preta practice (TPP) can contribute to closing nutrient cycles and may, in addition, sequester carbon. This paper introduces three projects in Karagwe, Tanzania, and their applied approach of integrated resource management to capture carbon and nutrients fro...

Organic wastes from bioenergy and ecological sanitation as a soil fertility improver: a field experiment in a tropical Andosol

Krause, Ariane ; Nehls, Thomas ; George, Eckhard ; Kaupenjohann, Martin (2016)

Andosols require the regular application of phosphorus (P) to sustain crop productivity. On an Andosol in NW Tanzania, we studied the short-term effects of amending standard compost, biogas slurry and CaSa compost (containing biochar and sanitized human excreta) on (i) the soil's physico-chemical properties, on (ii) biomass growth and crop productivity, and on (iii) the plants' nutrient status....

Valuing wastes

Krause, Ariane (2019)

My dissertation had as its starting point the intention of two Tanzanian farmer's initiatives and their German partners to disseminate sustainable cooking and sanitation technologies to smallholder households in Karagwe District, in northwest Tanzania (TZ). These locally developed and adapted technologies include improved cook stoves, such as microgasifiers, and a system combining biogas digest...

Urban climate and heat stress: how likely is the implementation of adaptation measures in mid-latitude cities? The case of façade greening analyzed with Bayesian networks

Sprondel, Nora ; Donner, Julie ; Mahlkow, Nicole ; Köppel, Johann (2016)

Background Urban heat is a challenge for mid-latitude cities possibly aggravated by global climate change making it necessary to adapt the urban fabric. Façade greening has been identified as an important measure to adjust the building stock and new buildings to adverse climatic impacts. Yet, little is known on factors that influence implementation probabilities for adaptation measures. Theref...

Die Rolle der nicht-hoheitlichen Flächensicherung im Naturschutz

Disselhoff, Tilmann (2018)

The control of land uses for nature conservation purposes is implemented through regulatory instruments (land use planning, designation of reserves etc.) and through voluntary contractual agreements. The pursuit of conservation goals through voluntary instruments (acquisition of properties, voluntary use restrictions etc.) can be summarized as private land conservation. Private land conservati...

Driving forces and barriers for adaption strategies against the urban heat stress hazard in Berlin, Germany

Donner, Julie (2018)

Climate change is here and mitigation efforts will not be enough to stop it. We need to adapt to its unavoidable impacts. At the same time, increasing anthropogenic influence on urban climates is leading to worsening urban heat stress. Increased amounts of impervious area, dark surfaces, and the barrier effect of large buildings reduce the ability of especially dense, inner-city areas to cool t...

A multi-criteria approach for assessing the sustainability of small-scale cooking and sanitation technologies

Krause, Ariane ; Köppel, Johann (2018-06-11)

To reduce the consumption of firewood for cooking and to realise recycling-driven soil fertility management, three projects in Northwest Tanzania aim to provide the local smallholder community with cooking and sanitation alternatives. The present study proposes an integrated approach to assess the sustainability of the small-scale cooking and sanitation technologies. Based on the multi-criteria...

Work at height

Tavares, A. S. ; Albuquerque, L. W. N. de ; Silva, J. C. da ; Souza Júnior, Clécio Barbosa ; Gálvez, C. ; Soares, M. (2015)

Work at heights in the construction industry is responsible for a large number of occupational accidents. In Brazil, despite the relevant security-related legislation, it is possible to find situations of neglect and improvisation in various construction sites. The aim is to promote the debate about labor safety at construction sites. This article discusses the similarities between the labor sa...

The grass is always greener on the other side

Odparlik, Lisa Friederike ; Köppel, Johann ; Geißler, Gesa (2013)

Erfolgreiche Öffentlichkeitsbeteiligung braucht Information. Dennoch wird der Aspekt der adäquaten Informationsbereitstellung im Kontext der Umweltprüfungen in Deutschland noch wenig diskutiert. Aus demokratietheoretischer Sicht geht es dabei nicht nur um die Verfügbarkeit und leichte Auffindbarkeit von Dokumenten, Informationen und Verfahrensunterlagen. Auch Aspekte wie eine angemessene Bekann...

Die Umweltverträglichkeitsprüfung (UVP) in Syrien

Elsaleh, Abdelrahman (2017)

Syrien ist ein Land, das viele politische und wirtschaftliche Veränderungen (insb. in der künftigen Wiederaufbauphase) erlebt. Relevant sind sicherlich zahlreiche Umweltfragen und -herausforderungen. Somit sind Prüfungen verfügbarer Umweltvorsorge- bzw. Umweltschutzinstrumente und deren Effektivität von größter Bedeutung. Die UVP wurde in Syrien in der ersten Hälfte der 90er-Jahre eingeführt, d...

Voraussetzungen und Hindernisse beim Zugang zu UVP-Dokumenten und Verfahrensinformationen

Odparlik, Lisa Friederike ; Kerkemeyer, Andreas (2016)

Damit Verfahren mit Öffentlichkeitsbeteiligung gelingen können, bedarf es zuvor einer aktiven Information der Öffentlichkeit. Die fortschreitende Digitalisierung eröffnet hierbei den Behörden die Möglichkeit, Informationen kostengünstig und effektiv bereitzustellen. Mittlerweile hat auch der Gesetzgeber Bestimmungen geschaffen, durch die die aktive Information der Öffentlichkeit über das Intern...

Are agencies turning a blind eye to public access to environmental assessment information?

Odparlik, Lisa Friederike (2015)

For environmental assessments (strategic environmental assessment (SEA) and environmental impact assessment (EIA)) a wide range of data and documents is gathered, processed, and produced. In planning theory, this information is viewed to have a transformative function: It can affect perceptions in advance of a decision, thereby impacting the planning process at all levels and stages. The role o...

Access to information and the role of environmental assessment registries for public participation

Odparlik, Lisa Friederike ; Köppel, Johann (2013)

International practice shows an increasing use of web-based Environmental Assessment (EA) registries or project websites to provide public access to information. In support of statutory public participation, registries inform when to participate and provide relevant documents and the continued availability of information. However, what constitutes good practice in this field? This article propo...

"The grass is always greener on the other side": Access to environmental assessment documents in Germany in international comparison

Odparlik, Lisa Friederike (2017)

Since the first European Directive on EIA was transposed into German national law in 1990, projects with potentially harmful consequences must undergo an EIA before approval is granted. Since than, it has developed and established as a central tool of environmental policy. Furthermore, as of 2004, relevant plans and programs must undergo a Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA). For Environme...