FG Ökosystemkunde / Pflanzenökologie

31 Items

Recent Submissions
Interaction of traffic intensity and habitat features shape invasion dynamics of an invasive alien species (Ambrosia artemisiifolia) in a regional road network

Lemke, Andreas ; Buchholz, Sascha ; Kowarik, Ingo ; Starfinger, Uwe ; Lippe, Moritz von der (2021-03-24)

Road corridors are important conduits for plant invasions, and an understanding of the underlying mechanisms is necessary for efficient management of invasive alien species in road networks. Previous studies identified road type with different traffic volumes as a key driver of seed dispersal and abundance of alien plants along roads. However, how the intensity of traffic interacts with the hab...

Herbert Sukopp – an inspiring pioneer in the field of urban ecology

Kowarik, Ingo (2020-03-24)

Urban ecology is a well-established integrative discipline with many historical roots. One of the eminent pioneers of urban ecology is the German ecologist Herbert Sukopp, who works in Berlin since the late 1950s and is often referred to as the founder of the "Berlin School of Urban Ecology". On the occasion of his 90th anniversary in 2020, this paper aims to recognize and commemorate the major...

New methods of spatial analysis in urban gardens inform future vegetation surveying

Egerer, Monika H. ; Wagner, Benjamin ; Lin, Brenda B. ; Kendal, Dave ; Zhu, Kai (2020-02-10)

Context: Land use change requires measuring shifting patterns in biodiversity at various spatial scales to inform landscape management. Assessing vegetation change at different scales is challenging in urban ecosystems managed by many individuals. Thus, we do not know much about the structure and function of green spaces that support biodiversity. Objective: We aim to understand how vegetation ...

Functional ecology of wild bees in cities: towards a better understanding of trait-urbanization relationships

Buchholz, Sascha ; Egerer, Monika H. (2020-06-08)

A functional ecological understanding of urban wild bee communities is of growing importance especially in regard to biodiversity conservation, ecosystem service maintenance and effective conservation programmes. In this paper, we review and summarize the published literature aiming to inform future research investigations in the growing field of wild bee functional ecology. Specifically, we: (...

Mono-specific forest plantations are valuable bat habitats: implications for wind energy development

Buchholz, Sascha ; Kelm, Volker ; Ghanem, Simon J. (2020-12-03)

Near-natural or semi-natural forests such as relatively undisturbed and old deciduous or mixed woodland are considered worth protecting and ecologically valuable habitats for bat conservation. In contrast, mono-specific forest plantations are considered ecologically less valuable; thus, decision-makers recommend these plantations as suitable locations for wind power stations and therefore want ...

Defining the baseline for river restoration: comparing carabid beetle diversity of natural and human-impacted riparian habitats

Sprößig, Claudia ; Buchholz, Sascha ; Dziock, Frank (2020-07-15)

Near-natural rivers and riparian ecosystems can represent biodiversity hotspots harbouring many highly specialised, rare and endangered species. During the past centuries, these habitats have been heavily degraded by anthropogenic use, and therefore river restoration is one of the most striking fields of action that is legally defined by the European Union Water Framework Directive. Successful ...

Social-Ecological Connectivity to Understand Ecosystem Service Provision across Networks in Urban Landscapes

Egerer, Monika ; Anderson, Elsa (2020-12-18)

Landscape connectivity is a critical component of dynamic processes that link the structure and function of networks at the landscape scale. In the Anthropocene, connectivity across a landscape-scale network is influenced not only by biophysical land use features, but also by characteristics and patterns of the social landscape. This is particularly apparent in urban landscapes, which are highl...

Social Context Influence on Urban Gardener Perceptions of Pests and Management Practices

Liere, Heidi ; Egerer, Monika ; Sanchez, Carly ; Bichier, Peter ; Philpott, Stacy M. (2020-10-02)

Community gardens are important urban green spaces with a variety of social and ecological benefits, one of which is access to healthy food. Similar to rural agriculture, the quantity and quality of the food produced can be compromised by pest damage. In fact, many urban gardeners report crop damages caused by vertebrate and invertebrate pests. Yet, because the food produced in community garden...

The human dimensions of a green–green-dilemma:​ Lessons learned from the wind energy — wildlife conflict in Germany

Straka, Tanja M. ; Fritze, Marcus ; Voigt, Christian C. (2020-07-08)

Green–green dilemmas are particularly challenging since they involve two desirable goals, yet with detrimental counter-effects. Although wind energy production is to some desirable as a form of renewable energy for reducing global CO2 emission, it conflicts with conservation goals when airborne animals die during collisions. Yet, protecting species with high collision risk may prevent to some e...

Land-use effects on plant biodiversity and carbon cycling in seasonally dry tropical forests in north-eastern Brazil

Schulz, Katharina (2020)

One of the most threatened ecosystems of Brazil is the so-called ‘Caatinga’. It is the seasonally dry tropical forest located in north-eastern Brazil. Due to the semi-arid climate, livestock husbandry (mainly goats) is the main economic sector. However, besides high stocking densities free roaming animals aggravate the degradation of this ecosystem. In areas near the Itaparica Reservoir, irriga...

Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Urban Development

Kowarik, Ingo ; Fischer, Leonie K. ; Kendal, Dave (2020-06-18)

Urbanization is a major driver of environmental change and is closely linked to the future of biodiversity. Cities can host a high richness of plants and animals, and this urban biodiversity supports multiple regulating, provisioning and cultural ecosystem services. Developing biodiversity-friendly cities is thus inextricably linked to sustainable urban development and human wellbeing. The cont...

Plant traits, biotopes and urbanization dynamics explain the survival of endangered urban plant populations

Planchuelo, Greg ; Kowarik, Ingo ; von der Lippe, Moritz (2020-06-02)

With accelerating urbanization, the urban contribution to biodiversity conservation becomes increasingly important. Previous research shows that cities can host many endangered plant species. However, fundamental questions for urban nature conservation remain open: to what extent and where can endangered plant species persist in the long term and which mechanisms underlie population survival? ...

Nature connection, experience and policy encourage and maintain adaptation to drought in urban agriculture

Egerer, Monika ; Lin, Brenda B ; Diekmann, Lucy (2020-04-24)

Climate change is challenging the sustained delivery of ecosystem services from urban agriculture. Extreme, prolonged drought in combination with high heat events affect urban crop production due to limited water availability and affect environmental management and adaptation to environmental conditions. In this study, we use urban community gardens in central coast California as a system to in...

Plant damage in urban agroecosystems varies with local and landscape factors

Egerer, Monika ; Liere, Heidi ; Lucatero, Azucena ; Philpott, Stacy M. (2020-03-18)

Biotic and abiotic factors at local to landscape scales influence insect pest and disease dynamics in agricultural systems. However, relative to studies focused on the importance of these drivers of crop plant damage in rural agricultural systems, few studies investigate plant damage from herbivore insects and plant diseases in urban agroecosystems, and consequently, most urban farmers lack kno...

Dog Walkers’ Views of Urban Biodiversity across Five European Cities

Fischer, Leonie K. ; Kowarik, Ingo (2020-04-25)

Contact with nature makes people feel better, live healthier and act more environmentally-friendly. We hypothesized that dog walking, an omnipresent people–nature interaction in cities, translates to a more positive view of urban nature and, subsequently, to more support for conservation initiatives. Insights into such positive side-effects of dog walking are relevant for dog-related urban poli...

CityScapeLab Berlin: A Research Platform for Untangling Urbanization Effects on Biodiversity

Lippe, Moritz von der ; Buchholz, Sascha ; Hiller, Anne ; Seitz, Birgit ; Kowarik, Ingo (2020-03-24)

Urban biodiversity conservation requires an understanding of how urbanization modulates biodiversity patterns and the associated ecosystem services. While important advances have been made in the conceptual development of urban biodiversity research over the last decades, challenges remain in understanding the interactions between different groups of taxa and the spatiotemporal complexity of ur...

Clean and Green Urban Water Bodies Benefit Nocturnal Flying Insects and Their Predators, Insectivorous Bats

Straka, Tanja M. ; Lentini, Pia E. ; Lumsden, Linda F. ; Buchholz, Sascha ; Wintle, Brendan A. ; van der Ree, Rodney (2020-03-26)

Nocturnal arthropods form the prey base for many predators and are an integral part of complex food webs. However, there is limited understanding of the mechanisms influencing invertebrates at urban water bodies and the potential flow-on effects to their predators. This study aims to: (i) understand the importance of standing water bodies for nocturnal flying insect orders, including the landsc...

Endangered Plants in Novel Urban Ecosystems Are Filtered by Strategy Type and Dispersal Syndrome, Not by Spatial Dependence on Natural Remnants

Planchuelo, Greg ; Kowarik, Ingo ; von der Lippe, Moritz (2020-02-14)

Understanding the contribution of cities to nature conservation is gaining increasing importance with a globally accelerating urbanization and requires insights into the mechanisms that underlie urban distribution patterns. While a considerable number of endangered plant species have been reported for cities, the spatial dependence of populations of these species on natural remnants versus anth...

Linkages between Phosphorus and Plant Diversity in Central European Forest Ecosystems—Complementarity or Competition?

Rieger, Isaak ; Kowarik, Ingo ; Ziche, Daniel ; Wellbrock, Nicole ; Cierjacks, Arne (2019-12-17)

The phosphorus nutrition status of European forests has decreased significantly in recent decades. For a deeper understanding of complementarity and competition in terms of P acquisition in temperate forests, we have analyzed α-diversity, organic layer and mineral soil P, P nutrition status, and different concepts of P use efficiency (PUE) in Fagus sylvatica L. (European beech) and Picea abies ...

Wild Bee Conservation within Urban Gardens and Nurseries: Effects of Local and Landscape Management

Egerer, Monika ; Cecala, Jacob M. ; Cohen, Hamutahl (2019-12-30)

Across urban environments, vegetated habitats provide refuge for biodiversity. Gardens (designed for food crop production) and nurseries (designed for ornamental plant production) are both urban agricultural habitats characterized by high plant species richness but may vary in their ability to support wild pollinators, particularly bees. In gardens, pollinators are valued for crop production. I...