FG Ökonomie des Klimawandels

11 Items

Recent Submissions
Reducing global CO2 emissions with the technologies we have

Ward, Hauke ; Radebach, Alexander ; Vierhaus, Ingmar ; Fügenschuh, Armin ; Steckel, Jan Christoph (2017)

The energy intensities of the various industrial sectors differ considerably across countries. This suggests a potential for emissions reductions through improved accessibility to efficient technologies. This paper estimates an upper-bound CO2 emission mitigation potential that could theoretically be achieved by improved access to efficient technologies in industrial sectors. We develop a linea...

Assessing carbon dioxide emission reduction potentials of improved manufacturing processes using multiregional input output frameworks

Ward, Hauke ; Burger, Mia ; Chang, Ya-Ju ; Fürstmann, Paul ; Neugebauer, Sabrina ; Radebach, Alexander ; Sproesser, Gunther ; Pittner, Andreas ; Rethmeier, Michael ; Uhlmann, Eckart ; Steckel, Jan Christoph (2016)

Evaluating innovative process technologies has become highly important within the last decades. As standard tools different Life Cycle Assessment methods have been established, which are continuously improved. While those are designed for evaluating single processes they run into difficulties when it comes to assessing environmental impacts of process innovations at macroeconomic level. In this...

Truncation Error Estimates in Process Life Cycle Assessment Using Input‐Output Analysis

Ward, Hauke ; Wenz, Leonie ; Steckel, Jan Christoph ; Minx, Jan (2017)

Process life cycle assessment (PLCA) is widely used to quantify environmental flows associated with the manufacturing of products and other processes. As PLCA always depends on defining a system boundary, its application involves truncation errors. Different methods of estimating truncation errors are proposed in the literature; most of these are based on artificially constructed system complet...

The effect of industry delocalization on global energy use: A global sectoral perspective

Forin, Silvia ; Radebach, Alexander ; Steckel, Jan Christoph ; Ward, Hauke (2018)

Sectoral production technologies differ largely across countries, so do sectoral energy intensities. Hence, shifts in production locations within global sectors, possibly caused by environmental regulations, are likely to have an impact on aggregated energy usage and emissions. Applying a Logarithmic Mean Divisia Index decomposition we decompose changes of sectoral energy use from 2001–2011 int...

Fossil-fueled development (SSP5): an energy and resource intensive scenario for the 21st century

Kriegler, Elmar ; Bauer, Nico ; Popp, Alexander ; Humpenöder, Florian ; Leimbach, Marian ; Strefler, Jessica ; Baumstark, Lavinia ; Bodirsky, Benjamin Leon ; Hilaire, Jérôme ; Klein, David ; Mouratiadou, Ioanna ; Weindl, Isabelle ; Bertram, Christoph ; Dietrich, Jan-Philipp ; Luderer, Gunnar ; Pehl, Michaja ; Pietzcker, Robert ; Piontek, Franziska ; Lotze-Campen, Hermann ; Biewald, Anne ; Bonsch, Markus ; Giannousakis, Anastasis ; Kreidenweis, Ulrich ; Müller, Christoph ; Rolinski, Susanne ; Schultes, Anselm ; Schwanitz, Jana ; Stevanovic, Miodrag ; Calvin, Katherine ; Emmerling, Johannes ; Fujimori, Shinichiro ; Edenhofer, Ottmar (2017-08-18)

This paper presents a set of energy and resource intensive scenarios based on the concept of Shared Socio-Economic Pathways (SSPs). The scenario family is characterized by rapid and fossil-fueled development with high socio-economic challenges to mitigation and low socio-economic challenges to adaptation (SSP5). A special focus is placed on the SSP5 marker scenario developed by the REMIND-MAgPI...

The role of efficient technology for achieving climate change mitigation and development

Ward, Hauke (2018)

This thesis is motivated by a potential conflict within the sustainable development goals, which refers to climate change mitigation and development. This conflict is of special relevance for developing countries. On the one hand these are projected to be most severely impacted by climate change. On the other hand fast economic development, connected to emitting greenhouse gases, could help sub...

Institutional and fiscal policies for forest conservation

Wehkamp, Johanna (2017)

Tropical deforestation contributes to climate change and entails further environmental externalities such as biodiversity loss and soil erosion. Consequently, the preservation of the world’s remaining tropical forests is the objective of international and national policies. Preventing deforestation requires identifying the structural causes of deforestation. Reforms of political institutions a...

Infrastructure and inequality: insights from incorporating key economic facts about household heterogeneity

Klenert, David ; Mattauch, Linus ; Edenhofer, Ottmar ; Lessmann, Kai (2016)

We study the impacts of investment in public capital on equity and efficiency. Taking into account stylized facts on wealth accumulation, we model agent heterogeneity through differences in saving behavior, income source and time preference. We find that in the long run, public investment is Pareto-improving and that it reduces inequality in wealth, welfare, and income at the same time, if it i...

Could resource rents finance universal access to infrastructure? A first exploration of needs and rents

Fuss, Sabine ; Chen, Claudine ; Jakob, Michael ; Marxen, Annika ; Rao, Narasimha D. ; Edenhofer, Ottmar (2016)

It is often argued that, ethically, resource rents should accrue to all citizens. Yet, in reality, the rents from exploiting national resources are often concentrated in the hands of a few. If resource rents were to be taxed, on the other hand, substantial amounts of public money could be raised and used to cover the population's infrastructure needs, such as access to electricity, water, sanit...

Few-layer antimonene by liquid-phase exfoliation

Gibaja, Carlos ; Rodriguez-San-Miguel, David ; Ares, Pablo ; Gómez-Herrero, Julio ; Varela, Maria ; Gillen, Roland ; Maultzsch, Janina ; Hauke, Frank ; Hirsch, Andreas ; Abellán, Gonzalo ; Zamora, Félix (2016)

We report on a fast and simple method to produce highly stable isopropanol/water (4:1) suspensions of few-layer antimonene by liquid-phase exfoliation of antimony crystals in a process that is assisted by sonication but does not require the addition of any surfactant. This straightforward method generates dispersions of few-layer antimonene suitable for on-surface isolation. Analysis by atomic ...

From Targets to Action

Knopf, Brigitte ; Fuss, Sabine ; Hansen, Gerrit ; Creutzig, Felix ; Minx, Jan ; Edenhofer, Ottmar (2017)

At the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris in 2015 ambitious targets for responding to the threat of climate change have been set: limiting global temperature increase to “well below 2 °C […] and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 °C”. However, calculating the CO2 budget for 1.5 °C, it becomes clear that there is nearly no room left for future emissions. Sc...