Inst. Technischen Umweltschutz

194 Items

Recent Submissions
Potential and Feasibility Study of Hybrid Wind−Hydroelectric Power System with Water-Pumping Storage: Jordan as a Case Study

Al-Addous, Mohammad ; Al Hmidan, Sahil ; Jaradat, Mustafa ; Alasis, Emil ; Barbana, Nesrine (2020-05-11)

Periodic daily fluctuating demand for energy and power is a perceptible phenomenon, resulting in some moments of low demand for power and energy related to the huge energy comes from renewable energy systems, and some moments of peak load demand. This phenomenon, when combined with the non-stationary operation of huge capacity of renewable energy systems, results in no stability of voltage and ...

Effects of micropollutants on the Panke River microbial communities and degradation of selected pharmaceuticals by manganese-oxidizing bacteria

Nega, Marcella (2020)

Pharmaceuticals and other anthropogenic substances are detectable worldwide in trace concentrations in surface waters since they are only partially retained in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). In metropolitan areas, high consumption rates of pharmaceuticals can induce an increase of organic compounds in surface waters, and these biologically active compounds can be a burden to aquatic envir...

WEEE Batteries - Sampling data

Mählitz, Paul Martin ; Korf, Nathalie ; Münch, Olivier ; Sperlich, Kristine ; Rösslein, Matthias ; Rotter, Vera Susanne (2020)

The attached data include the unit weight of more than 6000 waste electrical and electronic equipments (WEEE) and the batteries they contain. WEEE is classified according to the UNU keys (see Baldé, C.P.; Kuehr, R.; Blumenthal, K.; Gill, S.F.; Kern, M.; Micheli, P.; Magpantay, E.; Huisman, J.: E-waste statistics. Guidelines on classification, reporting, and indicators.). The WEEE batteries were...

Wastewater Reclamation in Major Jordanian Industries: A Viable Component of a Circular Economy

Saidan, Motasem N. ; Al-Addous, Mohammad ; Al-Weshah, Radwan A. ; Obada, Ibrahim ; Alkasrawi, Malek ; Barbana, Nesrine (2020-04-30)

Water scarcity remains the major looming challenge that is facing Jordan. Wastewater reclamation is considered as an alternative source of fresh water in semi-arid areas with water shortage or increased consumption. In the present study, the current status of wastewater reclamation and reuse in Jordan was analyzed considering 30 wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). The assessment was based on t...

Environmental Impacts of a Pet Dog: An LCA Case Study

Yavor, Kim Maya ; Lehmann, Annekatrin ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2020-04-22)

The number of pet animals in the European Union is increasing over the last decades. Few studies with a limited focus in terms of impacts and life cycle stages exist that assess the environmental impacts of dogs. This paper addresses the entire life cycle of a dog. An LCA study on an average dog was conducted considering the pet food and dog excrements, i.e., urine and feces. Fifteen impact cat...

Potential Study of Solar Thermal Cooling in Sub-Mediterranean Climate

Jaradat, Mustafa ; Al-Addous, Mohammad ; Albatayneh, Aiman ; Dalala, Zakariya ; Barbana, Nesrine (2020-04-01)

Air conditioning is becoming increasingly important in the energy supply of buildings worldwide. There has been a dramatic increase in energy requirements for cooling buildings in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. This is before taking the effects of climate change into account, which will also entail a sharp increase in cooling requirements. This paper presents the potential of u...

A Review of Life Cycle Assessment Studies of Electric Vehicles with a Focus on Resource Use

Dolganova, Iulia ; Rödl, Anne ; Bach, Vanessa ; Kaltschmitt, Martin ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2020-03-13)

Changes in the mobility patterns have evoked concerns about the future availability of certain raw materials necessary to produce alternative drivetrains and related batteries. The goal of this article is to determine if resource use aspects are adequately reflected within life cycle assessment (LCA) case studies of electric vehicles (EV). Overall, 103 LCA studies on electric vehicles from 2009...

A Review on the Fate of Nutrients and Enhancement of Energy Recovery from Rice Straw through Anaerobic Digestion

Muhayodin, Furqan ; Fritze, Albrecht ; Rotter, Vera Susanne (2020-03-18)

Open field burning and tilling the rice straw (RS) back into the fields causes environmental threats by contributing to the increased greenhouse gas emissions. Energy and nutrient recovery from RS through anaerobic digestion (AD) is an effective solution for its utilization. Although RS has good methane potential, its characteristics make it a difficult substrate for AD. This paper reviews the ...

Organizational Water Footprint to Support Decision Making: a Case Study for a German Technological Solutions Provider for the Plumbing Industry

Forin, Silvia ; Gossmann, Jutta ; Weis, Christoph ; Thylmann, Daniel ; Bunsen, Jonas ; Berger, Markus ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2020-03-17)

With water scarcity representing an increasing threat to humans, the environment and the economy, companies are interested in exploring how their operations and supply chains affect water resources globally. To allow for systematically compiling the water footprint at the company level, the organizational water footprint method based on ISO 14046 and ISO/TS 14072 was developed. This paper prese...

Effect of a Profound Feedstock Change on the Structure and Performance of Biogas Microbiomes

Klang, Johanna ; Szewzyk, Ulrich ; Bock, Daniel ; Theuerl, Susanne (2020-01-25)

In this study the response of biogas-producing microbiomes to a profound feedstock change was investigated. The microbiomes were adapted to the digestion of either 100% sugar beet, maize silage, or of the silages with elevated amounts of total ammonium nitrogen (TAN) by adding ammonium carbonate or animal manure. The feedstock exchange resulted in a short-range decrease or increase in the bioga...

The Significance of Wind Turbines Layout Optimization on the Predicted Farm Energy Yield

Al-Addous, Mohammad ; Jaradat, Mustafa ; Albatayneh, Aiman ; Wellmann, Johannes ; Al Hmidan, Sahil (2020-01-20)

Securing energy supply and diversifying the energy sources is one of the main goals of energy strategy for most countries. Due to climate change, wind energy is becoming increasingly important as a method of CO2-free energy generation. In this paper, a wind farm with five turbines located in Jerash, a city in northern Jordan, has been designed and analyzed. Optimization of wind farms is an impo...

A Regional Socio-Economic Life Cycle Assessment of a Bioeconomy Value Chain

Jarosch, Lena ; Zeug, Walther ; Bezama, Alberto ; Finkbeiner, Matthias ; Thrän, Daniela (2020-02-10)

A bioeconomy tackles sustainable development at both the global and regional levels, as it relies on the optimized use of renewable bio-based resources for the provisioning of food, materials, and energy to meet societal demands. The effects of the bioeconomy can be best observed at a regional level, as it supports regional development and affects the social dimension of sustainability. In orde...

Communication of environmental product information:

Minkov, Nikolay Mihaylov (2020)

Environmental labels and declarations (or ecolabels) are instruments to communicate the environmental performance of products. The relevance of environmental communication has been highlighted in Europe as far back in the 2000s when the Integrated Product Policy has been settled. Nowadays, environmental labelling is among the policy tools supported by the European Commission (EC) in the improve...

Natural Formation of Chloro- and Bromoacetone in Salt Lakes of Western Australia

Sattler, Tobias ; Sörgel, Matthias ; Wittmer, Julian ; Bourtsoukidis, Efstratios ; Krause, Torsten ; Atlas, Elliot ; Benk, Simon ; Bleicher, Sergej ; Kamilli, Katharina ; Ofner, Johannes ; Kopetzky, Raimo ; Held, Andreas ; Palm, Wolf-Ulrich ; Williams, Jonathan ; Zetzsch, Cornelius ; Schöler, Heinz-Friedrich (2019-10-30)

Western Australia is a semi-/arid region known for saline lakes with a wide range of geochemical parameters (pH 2.5–7.1, Cl− 10–200 g L−1). This study reports on the haloacetones chloro- and bromoacetone in air over 6 salt lake shorelines. Significant emissions of chloroacetone (up to 0.2 µmol m−2 h−1) and bromoacetone (up to 1. 5 µmol m−2 h−1) were detected, and a photochemical box model was e...

Valuing Biodiversity in Life Cycle Impact Assessment

Lindner, Jan Paul ; Fehrenbach, Horst ; Winter, Lisa ; Bischoff, Mascha ; Bloemer, Judith ; Knuepffer, Eva (2019-10-12)

In this article, the authors propose an impact assessment method for life cycle assessment (LCA) that adheres to established LCA principles for land use-related impact assessment, bridges current research gaps and addresses the requirements of different stakeholders for a methodological framework. The conservation of biodiversity is a priority for humanity, as expressed in the framework of the ...

Characterization and Assessment of a Novel Plate and Frame MD Module for Single Pass Wastewater Concentration−FEED Gap Air Gap Membrane Distillation

Schwantes, Rebecca ; Seger, Jakob ; Bauer, Lorenz ; Winter, Daniel ; Hogen, Tobias ; Koschikowski, Joachim ; Geißen, Sven-Uwe (2019-09-06)

Membrane distillation (MD) is an up and coming technology for concentration and separation on the verge of reaching commercialization. One of the remaining boundaries is the lack of available full-scale MD modules and systems suitable to meet the requirements of potential industrial applications. In this work a new type of feed gap air gap MD (FGAGMD) plate and frame module is introduced, desig...

Product Category Rules (PCR) for pharmaceutical products and processes

Siegert, Marc-William ; Finkbeiner, Matthias ; Emara, Yasmine ; Lehmann, Annekatrin (2019-12)

The occurrence of pharmaceuticals in the environment, their potential toxicological effects on humans and wildlife as well as resource-intensive production processes have led to increasing concerns of different stakeholders. To identify and assess potential environmental impacts along the value chain, Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) can be used. This publication presents an applicable LCA-based app...

Hybrid approach for the evaluation of organizational indirect impacts (AVOID): combining product-related, process-based, and monetary-based methods

Finogenova, Natalia ; Bach, Vanessa ; Berger, Markus ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2018-11-05)

Purpose: Environmental burden caused by an organization occurs both within its boundaries and in its value chain. Organizational life cycle assessment (LCA) was proposed as a method for calculating impacts of an organization throughout its life cycle; nevertheless, companies are still lacking a universal approach to conduct inventory analysis and face challenges in data collection. This paper i...

Enhancing the Water Accounting and Vulnerability Evaluation Model: WAVE+

Berger, Markus ; Eisner, Stephanie ; van der Ent, Ruud ; Flörke, Martina ; Link, Andreas ; Poligkeit, Joseph ; Bach, Vanessa ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2018-07-20)

Due to the increasing relevance of analyzing water consumption along product life cycles, the water accounting and vulnerability evaluation model (WAVE) has been updated and methodologically enhanced. Recent data from the atmospheric moisture tracking model WAM2-layers is used to update the basin internal evaporation recycling (BIER) ratio, which denotes atmospheric moisture recycling within dr...

Benchmarking and environmental performance classes in life cycle assessment—development of a procedure for non-leather shoes in the context of the Product Environmental Footprint

Gül, Sarah ; Spielmann, Michael ; Lehmann, Annekatrin ; Eggers, Diana ; Bach, Vanessa ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2015-10-22)

Purpose: In the process of developing Product Environmental Footprint Category Rules (PEFCR)—currently tested in various pilots in the Single Market for Green Products initiative of the European Commission—the definition of product category benchmarks and environmental performance classes is a crucial element of each PEFCR. Whilst life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology developed over the last ...