Inst. Technischen Umweltschutz

128 Items

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Optimierung der normgerechten Intensitätsbewertung und Untersuchung weiterer Referenzgerüche zur Qualitätssicherung

Brosig, Laura (2018)

For energy saving purposes buildings are constructed increasingly airtight. Due to insufficient ventilation emissions from building materials and products might accumulate indoors. Not only emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOC) may cause impact on health and well-being of occupants but odours as well. Therefore, their perceived intensity can be assessed based on acetone as reference sub...

Identifikation und Detektion von Indikatororganismen in technischen Systemen

Schleicher, Maria (2018)

Wasser ist ein essentieller Grundstoff für alle Organismen der Erde und damit einer der wichtigsten Ressourcen. Die Forschung auf dem Gebiet der Wasserwiederverwendung und Wasserrückgewinnung ist von enormer Bedeutung. Durch die Teilnahme an einem internationalen Forschungsprojekt entstand die Motivation, Überwachungs- und Kontrolloptionen für Desinfektionsprozesse weiterzuentwickeln. In der ko...

Waste prevention for sustainable resource and waste management

Sakai, Shin-ichi ; Yano, Yasuhiro ; Asari, Misuzu ; Yanagawa, Ritsuki ; Matsuda, Takeshi ; Yoshida, Hideto ; Yamada, Tetsuji ; Kajiwara, Natsuko ; Suzuki, Go ; Kunisue, Tatsuya ; Takahashi, Shin ; Tomoda, Keijiro ; Wuttke, Joachim ; Mählitz, Paul ; Rotter, Vera Susanne ; Grosso, Mario ; Astrup, Thomas Fruergaard ; Cleary, Julian ; Oh, Gil-Jong ; Liu, Lili ; Li, Jinhui ; Ma, Hwong-wen ; Chi, Ngo Kim ; Moore, Stephen (2017-02-21)

Although the 2Rs (reduce and reuse) are considered high-priority approaches, there has not been enough quantitative research on effective 2R management. The purpose of this paper is to provide information obtained through the International Workshop in Kyoto, Japan, on 11–13 November 2015, which included invited experts and researchers in several countries who were in charge of 3R policies, and ...

The WULCA consensus characterization model for water scarcity footprints: assessing impacts of water consumption based on available water remaining (AWARE)

Boulay, Anne-Marie ; Bare, Jane ; Benini, Lorenzo ; Berger, Markus ; Lathuillière, Michael J. ; Manzardo, Alessandro ; Margni, Manuele ; Motoshita, Masaharu ; Núñez, Montserrat ; Pastor, Amandine Valerie ; Ridoutt, Bradley ; Oki, Taikan ; Worbe, Sebastien ; Pfister, Stephan (2017-06-08)

Purpose Life cycle assessment (LCA) has been used to assess freshwater-related impacts according to a new water footprint framework formalized in the ISO 14046 standard. To date, no consensus-based approach exists for applying this standard and results are not always comparable when different scarcity or stress indicators are used for characterization of impacts. This paper presents the outcom...

The Sustainable Child Development Index (SCDI) for countries

Chang, Ya-Ju ; Lehmann, Annekatrin ; Winter, Lisa ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2018-05-14)

Despite the relevance of children in inheriting and shaping society, an index assessing sustainable development with a focus on children is missing. To tackle this gap, this study established the Sustainable Child Development Index (SCDI) by considering child development topics in the context of inter-generational equity and applying indicators with available statistical data on country level. ...

Addressing sustainability and flexibility in manufacturing via smart modular machine tool frames to support sustainable value creation

Peukert, Bernd ; Benecke, Stephan ; Clavell, Janire ; Neugebauer, Sabrina ; Nissen, Nils F. ; Uhlmann, Eckart ; Lang, Klaus-Dieter ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2015)

Sustainability and flexibility are crucial aspects in todays’ manufacturing processes. Within this study an innovative approach of modular machine tool frames (MMTF) equipped with micro system technology is presented that aims at enhancing flexibility of mutable production processes. This new approach extends the existing reconfigurable manufacturing systems (RMS). MMTF goes beyond the platform...

Sustainable corporate development measured by intangible and tangible resources as well as targeted by safeguard subjects

Orth, Ronald ; Scheumann, René ; Galeitzke, Mila ; Wolf, Kirana ; Kohl, Holger ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2015)

The needed shift towards sustainable development in existing business processes can be achieved through the combination of the capital based approach and the life cycle sustainability assessment. This contribution performs an analysis and selection of assessment tools and indicators regarding the resources used in organisational processes and the life cycle of the products or services to measur...

Environmental and Social Life Cycle Assessment of welding technologies

Chang, Ya-Ju ; Sproesser, Gunther ; Neugebauer, Sabrina ; Wolf, Kirana ; Scheumann, René ; Pittner, Andreas ; Rethmeier, Michael ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2015)

Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and Social Life Cycle Assessment (SLCA) are applied in evaluating possible social and environmental impacts of the state-of-art welding technologies, such as Manual Metal Arc Welding (MMAW), Manual Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW), Automatic GMAW and Automatic Laser-Arc Hybrid Welding (LAHW). The LCA results indicate that for 1 meter weld seam, MMAW consumes the largest ...

The role of water level fluctuations in the promotion of phytoplankton and macrophyte pioneer species in a tropical reservoir in the Brazilian semiarid

Lima, Débora Maciel Barros (2018)

In the semiarid northeast Brazil, water paucity instigates multiple uses of reservoirs, such as hydropower production, drinking water supply, water supply for livestock and for irrigation, fisheries, aquaculture and leisure activities. As consequence of high anthropogenic pressure, most reservoirs in this region are fragile and eutrophicated systems. Blooms of algae and macrophytes are commonly...

Draft genome sequence of strain B 225, an iron-depositing isolate of the genus Novosphingobium

Braun, Burga ; Künzel, Sven ; Szewzyka, Ulrich (2018-04-12)

Here, we report the draft genome sequence of Novosphingobium sp. strain B 225, an iron-depositing bacterium isolated from a phenazone-amended naturally grown biofilm. This biofilm was grown in the Unteres Odertal National Park, Germany. Illumina NextSeq sequencing was used to determine the genome of the strain.

Draft genome sequence of actinobacterial strain Kineosporia sp. R_H_3, a neutrophilic iron-depositing bacterium

Braun, Burga ; Künzel, Sven ; Schröder, Josephin ; Szewzyk, Ulrich (2018-04-12)

The draft genome sequence of a neutrophilic iron-depositing actinobacterial strain, Kineosporia sp. R_H_3, is reported here. Detailed analysis of the genome can elucidate the role of specific cytochromes for Fe oxidation and how this organism might receive energy from Fe oxidation. To date, this is the second publicly available genome sequence of a Kineosporia strain.

Microbial population composition of ochrous biofilms and water samples obtained from technical groundwater-fed systems

Schröder, Josephin (2018)

This study assessed the abundance, composition, diversity and functional organisation of bacterial communities correlated to chemical water parameters in four technical groundwater-fed systems. Each sampling site was vulnerable to iron-clogging and was characterised by its own specific technical and hydrochemical conditions. Biofilm and groundwater samples were obtained and compared for drinkin...

Draft Genome Sequence of a Potential Nitrate-Dependent Fe(II)-Oxidizing Bacterium, Aquabacterium parvum B6

Zhang, Xiaoxin ; Ma, Fang ; Szewzyk, Ulrich (2016)

Aquabacterium parvum B6 is a potential nitrate-dependent Fe(II)-oxidizing bacterium. The genes related to its denitrifying mechanism and iron metabolisms were unknown. We present the draft genome of Aquabacterium parvum B6, which could provide further insight into the nitrate-dependent Fe(II)-oxidizing mechanism of strain B6.

Complete Genome Sequence of “Candidatus Viadribacter manganicus” Isolated from a German Floodplain Area

Braun, Burga ; Szewzyk, Ulrich (2016)

Iron- and manganese-depositing bacteria occur in many soils and all water systems, and their biogenic depositions of ochre in technical systems may cause severe clogging problems and monetary losses. “Candidatus Viadribacter manganicus” is a small coccoid, iron- and manganese-depositing bacterium isolated from the Lower Oder Valley National Park, Germany.

Draft Genome Sequence of Rheinheimera sp. Strain SA_1 Isolated from Iron Backwash Sludge in Germany

Schröder, Josephin ; Braun, Burga ; Liere, Karsten ; Szewzyk, Ulrich (2016)

Rheinheimera sp. strain SA_1 is an iron-depositing bacterium for which we report a draft genome sequence. Strain SA_1 was isolated from iron backwash sludge of a waterworks in Germany. The Illumina MiSeq technique was used to sequence the genome of the strain.

Draft Genome Sequence of Ideonella sp. Strain A 288, Isolated from an Iron-Precipitating Biofilm

Braun, Burga ; Künzel, Sven ; Szewzyk, Ulrich (2017)

Here, we report the draft genome sequence of the betaproteobacterium Ideonella sp. strain A_228. This isolate, obtained from a bog iron ore-containing floodplain area in Germany, provides valuable information about the genetic diversity of neutrophilic iron-depositing bacteria. The Illumina NextSeq technique was used to sequence the draft genome sequence of the strain.

Draft Genome Sequence of the Gram-Positive Neutrophilic Iron-Precipitating Kineosporia sp. Strain A_224

Braun, Burga ; Künzel, Sven ; Szewzyk, Ulrich (2017)

We report here the draft genome sequence of the neutrophilic iron-precipitating Kineosporia sp. strain A_224. Analysis of the predicted genes may improve our knowledge of its role in ochrous formations in natural and technical water systems. This is the first public genome sequence of a Kineosporia aurantiaca strain.

Draft Genome Sequence of Rheinheimera sp. F8, a Biofilm-Forming Strain Which Produces Large Amounts of Extracellular DNA

Schuster, Anna-Kathrin ; Szewzyk, Ulrich (2016)

Rheinheimera sp. strain F8 is a biofilm-forming gammaproteobacterium that has been found to produce large amounts of filamentous extracellular DNA. Here, we announce the de novo assembly of its genome. It is estimated to be 4,464,511 bp in length, with 3,970 protein-coding sequences and 92 RNA-coding sequences.

Evaluating Sustainable Development from a Child's Perspective - A Proposal of Sustainable Child Development Index (SCDI)

Chang, Ya-Ju ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2016)

In Social Life Cycle Assessment (SLCA), the UNEP guideline proposes the five stakeholder groups to investigate the corresponding social issues from a whole-population perspective. Despite the relevance of children in inheriting and forming the society in the context of sustainable development, children are neglected as a relevant stakeholder group. To consider children's interests and influence...

Adapting Ergonomic Assessments to Social Life Cycle Assessment

Chang, Ya-Ju ; Nguyen, The Duy ; Finkbeiner, Matthias ; Krüger, Jörg (2016)

In Social Life Cycle Assessment (SLCA), the health and safety aspect of workers is usually evaluated by considering the numbers of injuries and accidents; however, the work related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), which dominate occupational diseases, are often neglected in SLCA since the effects do not occur immediately. Thus, the MSDs lead to increased working absences and compensation costs...