FG Industrielle Informationstechnik

15 Items

Recent Submissions
What is the “Source” of Open Source Hardware?

Bonvoisin, Jérémy ; Mies, Robert ; Boujut, Jean-François ; Stark, Rainer (2017)

What “open source” means once applied to tangible products has been so far mostly addressed through the light of licensing. While this approach is suitable for software, it appears to be over-simplistic for complex hardware products. Whether such a product can be labelled as open source is not only a question of licence but a question of documentation, i.e. what is the information that sufficie...

Benefits and obstacles of sustainable product development methods

Stark, Rainer ; Buchert, Tom ; Neugebauer, Sabrina ; Bonvoisin, Jérémy ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2017)

In the last few years, numerous approaches have been introduced for supporting design engineers in developing more sustainable products. However, so far, these efforts have not led to the establishment of a commonly acknowledged standard methodology for Sustainable Product Development (SPD). This brings into question the relevance of developing new methods and calls for more efforts in testing ...

Analysing the impacts of various environmental parameters on the biodiversity status of major habitats

Winter, Lisa ; Berger, Markus ; Minkov, Nikolay ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2017)

Anthropogenic impacts on the environment often result in loss of biodiversity. However, the effects of different parameters (such as soil pH) on biodiversity, which can be influenced by human activities, are poorly investigated on a global scale. The paper at hand proposes an approach to examine the relationship between biodiversity and several parameters, which can be anthropogenically influen...

Field of research in sustainable manufacturing

Bonvoisin, Jérémy ; Stark, Rainer ; Seliger, Günther (2017)

Sustainability has raised significant attention in manufacturing research over the last decades and has become a significant driver of the development of innovative technologies and management concepts. The current chapter aims to provide a structured overview of the wide field of research in sustainable manufacturing with a particular focus on manufacturing technology and management. It intend...

Future of business models in manufacturing

Seidel, Johannes ; Barquet, Ana-Paula ; Seliger, Günther ; Kohl, Holger (2017)

In order to achieve systematic change in pursuit of sustainable manufacturing, both a strategic long-term perspective employing methods from future studies and a concrete implementation of the knowledge gained in sustainable business models are necessary. In this chapter, the concepts and exemplary methods for sustainable business model innovation are introduced with a special focus on sustaina...

Sustainability dynamics

Stark, Rainer ; Lindow, Kai (2017)

Value creation ensures societal prosperity. At the same time, Sustainable Development determines the future of global human wellbeing. Both aspects are based on profound environmental, social and economic mechanisms—and both aspects are closely linked. The Sustainability Dynamics Model describes the direct and indirect effects of value creation together with the three dimensions of Sustainable ...

Inducing behavioural change in society through communication and education in sustainable manufacturing

Roeder, Ina ; Wang, Wei Min ; Muschard, Bernd (2017)

The United Nations considers the mobilization of the broad public to be the essential requirement for achieving a shift towards a more sustainable development. Science can play a vital role in Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) by contributing to ESD-related research and development on the one hand, and by becoming active awareness raisers themselves in education and multiplier network...

Life cycle sustainability assessment approaches for manufacturing

Chang, Ya-Ju ; Neugebauer, Sabrina ; Lehmann, Annekatrin ; Scheumann, René ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2017)

Sustainability assessments considering the three dimensions environment, economy, and society are needed to evaluate manufacturing processes and products with regard to their sustainability performance. This chapter focuses on Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment (LCSA), which considers all three sustainability dimensions by combining the three methods life cycle assessment

Material reutilization cycles across industries and production lines

Halstenberg, Friedrich A. ; Steingrímsson, Jón G. ; Stark, Rainer (2017)

The concept of Industrial Symbiosis aims at organizing industrial activity like a living ecosystem where the by-product outputs of one process are used as valuable raw material input for another process. A significant method for the systematic planning of Industrial Symbiosis is found in input–output matching, which is aimed at collecting material input and output data from companies, and using...

Target-driven sustainable product development

Buchert, Tom ; Pförtner, Anne ; Stark, Rainer (2017)

Figuring in sustainability in product development requires a profound understanding of the cause and effect of engineering decisions along the full spectrum of the product lifecycle and the triple bottomline of sustainability. Sustainability design targets can contribute to mitigating the complexity involved, by means of a formalised problem description. This article discusses how sustainabilit...

Sustainable technologies for thick metal plate welding

Sproesser, Gunther ; Chang, Ya-Ju ; Pittner, Andreas ; Finkbeiner, Matthias ; Rethmeier, Michael (2017)

Welding is the most important joining technology. In the steel construction industry, e.g. production of windmill sections, welding accounts for a main part of the manufacturing costs and resource consumption. Moreover, social issues attached to welding involve working in dangerous environments. This aspect has unfortunately been neglected so far, in light of a predominant focus on economics co...

Enabling low-carbon development in poor countries

Steckel, Jan Christoph ; Schwerhoff, Gregor ; Edenhofer, Ottmar (2017)

The challenges associated with achieving sustainable development goals and stabilizing the world’s climate cannot be solved without significant efforts by developing and newly-emerging countries. With respect to climate change mitigation, the main challenge for developing countries lies in avoiding future emissions and lock-ins into emission-intensive technologies, rather than reducing today’s ...

Human-centred automation to simplify the path to social and economic sustainability

Nguyen, The Duy ; Krüger, Jörg (2017)

Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) pose a serious threat to sustainability in manufacturing. In particular, this phenomenon impacts the sustainability indicators of worker health and safety and the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Effective MSD prevention measures would therefore constitute a remarkable contribution to social and economic sustainability. This chapter provides first an outline of exi...

Openness assessment of 132 open source hardware products

Bonvoisin, Jérémy (2017-07-06)

This is the raw data set on which the article "What is the source of open source hardware?" to be published in the Journal of Open Hardware under an open access license is based. The abstract of the article is as follows: "What “open source” means once applied to tangible products has been so far exclusively addressed through the light of licensing. While this approach is adapted for software, ...

Best practices of open source mechanical hardware

Bonvoisin, Jérémy ; Schmidt, Kerstin Carola (2017-02)

What makes a software program “open source” is that its source code is publicly available. What is pretty clear for software is less clear for hardware—especially for mechanical hardware. What does the term "source" refer to in "open source hardware"? According to the Open Source Hardware Association (OSHWA): "Open source hardware is hardware whose design is made publicly available so that anyo...