Inst. Technischen Umweltschutz

177 Items

Recent Submissions
Hybrid approach for the evaluation of organizational indirect impacts (AVOID): combining product-related, process-based, and monetary-based methods

Finogenova, Natalia ; Bach, Vanessa ; Berger, Markus ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2018-11-05)

Purpose: Environmental burden caused by an organization occurs both within its boundaries and in its value chain. Organizational life cycle assessment (LCA) was proposed as a method for calculating impacts of an organization throughout its life cycle; nevertheless, companies are still lacking a universal approach to conduct inventory analysis and face challenges in data collection. This paper i...

Enhancing the Water Accounting and Vulnerability Evaluation Model: WAVE+

Berger, Markus ; Eisner, Stephanie ; van der Ent, Ruud ; Flörke, Martina ; Link, Andreas ; Poligkeit, Joseph ; Bach, Vanessa ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2018-07-20)

Due to the increasing relevance of analyzing water consumption along product life cycles, the water accounting and vulnerability evaluation model (WAVE) has been updated and methodologically enhanced. Recent data from the atmospheric moisture tracking model WAM2-layers is used to update the basin internal evaporation recycling (BIER) ratio, which denotes atmospheric moisture recycling within dr...

Benchmarking and environmental performance classes in life cycle assessment—development of a procedure for non-leather shoes in the context of the Product Environmental Footprint

Gül, Sarah ; Spielmann, Michael ; Lehmann, Annekatrin ; Eggers, Diana ; Bach, Vanessa ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2015-10-22)

Purpose: In the process of developing Product Environmental Footprint Category Rules (PEFCR)—currently tested in various pilots in the Single Market for Green Products initiative of the European Commission—the definition of product category benchmarks and environmental performance classes is a crucial element of each PEFCR. Whilst life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology developed over the last ...

Characterization model to assess ocean acidification within life cycle assessment

Bach, Vanessa ; Möller, Franziska ; Finogenova, Natalia ; Emara, Yasmine ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2016-04-24)

Purpose: Ocean acidification due to the absorption of increasing amounts of atmospheric carbon dioxide has become a severe problem in the recent years as more and more marine species are influenced by the decreasing pH value as well as by the reduced carbonate ion concentration. So far, no characterization model exists for ocean acidification. This paper aims to establish such a characterizatio...

Quantification and isotherm modelling of competitive phosphate and silicate adsorption onto micro-sized granular ferric hydroxide

Hilbrandt, Inga ; Lehmann, Vito ; Zietzschmann, Frederik ; Ruhl, Aki Sebastian ; Jekel, Martin (2019-07-30)

Adsorption onto ferric hydroxide is a known method to reach very low residual phosphate concentrations. Silicate is omnipresent in surface and industrial waters and reduces the adsorption capacity of ferric hydroxides. The present article focusses on the influences of silicate concentration and contact time on the adsorption of phosphate to a micro-sized iron hydroxide adsorbent (μGFH) and fits...

Product Environmental Footprint (PEF) Pilot Phase—Comparability over Flexibility?

Bach, Vanessa ; Lehmann, Annekatrin ; Görmer, Marcel ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2018-08-15)

The main goal of the European product environmental footprint (PEF) method is to increase comparability of environmental impacts of products within certain product categories by decreasing flexibility and therefore achieving reproducibility of results. Comparability is supposed to be further increased by developing product category specific rules (PEFCRs). The aim of this paper is to evaluate i...

Assessing Child Development: A Critical Review and the Sustainable Child Development Index (SCDI)

Chang, Ya-Ju ; Schneider, Laura ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2015-04-24)

Children are an important stakeholder group for sustainable development, as they represent the interface between current and future generations. A comprehensive assessment of child development (CD) in the context of sustainable development is still missing. In this paper, as a first step, a literature review is conducted to identify relevant aspects and gaps related to the assessment of CD. The...

Assessing the Ability of the Cradle to Cradle Certified™ Products Program to Reliably Determine the Environmental Performance of Products

Bach, Vanessa ; Minkov, Nikolay ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2018-05-14)

Concepts and tools supporting the design of environmentally friendly products (including materials, goods or services) have increased over the last years. The Cradle to Cradle Certified™ Products Program (C2CP) is one of these approaches. In this work, the ability of C2CP to reliably determine the environmental performance of products was analyzed through the application of a criteria-based ass...

Analyzing Changes in Supply Risks for Abiotic Resources over Time with the ESSENZ Method—A Data Update and Critical Reflection

Bach, Vanessa ; Berger, Markus ; Finogenova, Natalia ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2019-04-30)

In the last decade, several methods were developed to determine potential supply risks due to short term socio-economic aspects. One of them is the ESSENZ method (comprehensive method to measure and assess resource efficiency of products in the context of sustainable development) developed by the authors. Due to newly available data (e.g., production statistics) the characterization factors (CF...

Material Implications of Rural Electrification—A Methodological Framework to Assess In-Use Stocks of Off-Grid Solar Products and EEE in Rural Households in Bangladesh

Batteiger, Alexander ; Rotter, Vera Susanne (2018-02-07)

“Universal access to electricity” is proclaimed as the seventh sustainable development goal (SDG 7) of the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals list. The achievement of this goal will result in a rapid diffusion of energy technologies that would in turn increase materials stocks, subsequently increase the raw material demand as well as the arising waste flows. This study describes ...

Designing Away Waste: A Comparative Analysis of Urban Reuse and Remanufacture Initiatives

Ordóñez, Isabel ; Rexfelt, Oskar ; Hagy, Shea ; Unkrig, Luisa (2019-04-03)

In order to transform the economy into one that is circular, that recovers most materials through reuse, remanufacturing and recycling, these activities need to grow significantly. Waste management has substantially incorporated recycling as an end-of-life treatment but has still largely failed to incorporate remanufacturing and reuse as possible material recovery routes. This article aims to p...

Management of Tropical River Basins and Reservoirs under Water Stress: Experiences from Northeast Brazil

Marques, Érika Tavares ; Gunkel, Günter ; Sobral, Maria Carmo (2019-06-04)

Due to global warming, a reduction in available water will occur in many watersheds and conflicts concerning water use will take place. This situation is already typical in semi-arid areas, where many reservoirs have been constructed for water storage. Increased energy demands and climate change have led to severe and increasing pressure on aquatic systems. Today, the environmental policies of ...

Data for Fish Stock Assessment Obtained from the CMSY Algorithm for all Global FAO Datasets

Hélias, Arnaud (2019-05-24)

Assessing the state of fish stocks requires the determination of descriptors. They correspond to the absolute and relative (to the carrying capacity of the habitat) fish biomasses in the ecosystem, and the absolute and relative (to the intrinsic growth rate of the population) fishing mortality resulting from catches. This allows, among other things, to compare the catch with the maximum sustain...

Characterizing the Urban Mine—Challenges of Simplified Chemical Analysis of Anthropogenic Mineral Residues

Mählitz, Paul Martin ; Løvik, Amund N. ; Figi, Renato ; Schreiner, Claudia ; Kuntz, Claudia ; Korf, Nathalie ; Rösslein, Matthias ; Wäger, Patrick ; Rotter, Vera Susanne (2019-07-26)

Anthropogenic mineral residues are characterized by their material complexity and heterogeneity, which pose challenges to the chemical analysis of multiple elements. However, creating an urban mine knowledge database requires data using affordable and simple chemical analysis methods, providing accurate and valid results. In this study, we assess the applicability of simplified multi-element ch...

Fate of Trace Organic Compounds in Granular Activated Carbon (GAC) Adsorbers for Drinking Water Treatment

Sperlich, Alexander ; Harder, Mareike ; Zietzschmann, Frederik ; Gnirss, Regina (2017-06-30)

Granular activated carbon (GAC) adsorbers for drinking water treatment were operated for approx. 14 months and the breakthrough of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and trace organic chemicals (TOrCs) was monitored. Effluent concentration profiles of gabapentin and valsartan acid increase already at throughputs of <10,000 BV. The corresponding breakthrough curves flatten out without reaching the i...

Advancing Sequential Managed Aquifer Recharge Technology (SMART) Using Different Intermediate Oxidation Processes

Hellauer, Karin ; Mergel, Dorothea ; Ruhl, Aki Sebastian ; Filter, Josefine ; Hübner, Uwe ; Jekel, Martin ; Drewes, Jörg E. (2017-03-17)

Managed aquifer recharge (MAR) systems are an efficient barrier for many contaminants. The biotransformation of trace organic chemicals (TOrCs) strongly depends on the redox conditions as well as on the dissolved organic carbon availability. Oxic and oligotrophic conditions are favored for enhanced TOrCs removal which is obtained by combining two filtration systems with an intermediate aeration...

Understanding and Control of Biopolymer Fouling in Ultrafiltration of Different Water Types

Zheng, Xing ; Zietzschmann, Frederik ; Plume, Stephan ; Paar, Hendrik ; Ernst, Mathias ; Wang, Zi ; Jekel, Martin (2017-04-23)

The present work focuses on understanding and control of biopolymer fouling in ultrafiltration of a typical surface water and nearby secondary effluent for direct and indirect portable use. Characterization results show that both kinds of biopolymers are of similar molecular weight. Longer than one year water quality monitoring results show that the C/N ratio in the secondary effluent biopolyme...

Review of Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment and Potential for Its Adoption at an Automotive Company

Tarne, Peter ; Traverso, Marzia ; Finkbeiner, Matthias (2017-04-23)

The aim of this paper is to guide the next steps of a PhD thesis through a structured review of the state of the art and implementation of Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment (LCSA), and to identify challenges and potentials for its adoption at an automotive company. First, the structured literature review was conducted on LCSA to screen the current methodological and practical implementations...

Impacts of Accumulated Particulate Organic Matter on Oxygen Consumption and Organic Micro-Pollutant Elimination in Bank Filtration and Soil Aquifer Treatment

Filter, Josefine ; Jekel, Martin ; Ruhl, Aki Sebastian (2017-05-16)

Bank filtration (BF) and soil aquifer treatment (SAT) are efficient natural technologies in potable water reuse systems. The removal of many organic micro-pollutants (OMPs) depends on redox-conditions in the subsoil, especially on the availability of molecular oxygen. Due to microbial transformation of particulate and dissolved organic constituents, oxygen can be consumed within short flow dist...

Neutrophile Eisenbakterien

Schmidt, Bertram (2019)

The aim of this work was to study a group of bacteria, which has been investigated since many years but still remains mysterious: the neutrophilic iron bacteria. These were explored on the one hand in their natural habitats, which were places in the National Park "Lower Oder Valley" in Germany and newly found sites on the island Tierra del Fuego in Argentina. Furthermore there was the opportuni...