FG Arbeits-, Ingenieur- und Organisationspsychologie

51 Items

Recent Submissions
Teammitglied oder Werkzeug – Der Einfluss anthropomorpher Gestaltung in der Mensch-Roboter-Interaktion

Roesler, Eileen ; Onnasch, Linda (2020-05-06)

Die direkte Zusammenarbeit von Robotern und Menschen gewinnt in privaten, kommerziellen und industriellen Lebensbereichen stetig an Bedeutung. Dabei findet diese Form der Interaktion kooperativ oder kollaborativ unter gemeinsamer Zielsetzung in unmittelbarer räumlicher und zeitlicher Nähe statt. Eine Möglichkeit, die Zusammenarbeit intuitiver und effektiver zu gestalten, bietet die Anwendung an...

The Influence of Distance and Lateral Offset of Follow Me Robots on User Perception

Siebert, Felix Wilhelm ; Klein, Jacobe ; Rötting, Matthias ; Roesler, Eileen (2020-06-03)

Robots that are designed to work in close proximity to humans are required to move and act in a way that ensures social acceptance by their users. Hence, a robot's proximal behavior toward a human is a main concern, especially in human-robot interaction that relies on relatively close proximity. This study investigated how the distance and lateral offset of “Follow Me” robots influences how the...

Annotated helmet use videos from Myanmar

Siebert, Felix Wilhelm ; Lin, Hanhe (2019-11-06)

These videos were recorded in the cities of Bago, Mandalay, and Pakokku in Myanmar in the summer of 2016 during a study on road safety related behavior of motorcyclists (http://dx.doi.org/10.14279/depositonce-8784). In a consecutive study (http://dx.doi.org/10.14279/depositonce-9250), a deep learning approach was used to automatically detect active motorcycles, the number and position of riders...

Anthropomorphizing Robots: The Effect of Framing in Human-Robot Collaboration

Onnasch, Linda ; Roesler, Eileen (2019-11-20)

Anthropomorphic framing of social robots is widely believed to facilitate human-robot interaction. In two subsequent studies, the impact of anthropomorphic framing was examined regarding the subjective perception of a robot and the willingness to donate money for this robot. In both experiments, participants received either an anthropomorphic or a functional description of a humanoid NAO robot ...

The Impact of a Mnemonic Acronym on Learning and Performing a Procedural Task and Its Resilience Toward Interruptions

Radović, Tara ; Manzey, Dietrich (2019-11-06)

The present study examines the potential impact of a mnemonic acronym on the learning, the execution, the resilience toward interruptions, and the mental representation of an eight-step procedural task with sequential constraints. 65 participants were required to learn a sequential task, including eight different steps which had to be carried out in a predefined sequence. 33 participants were p...

Adjustable automation and manoeuvre control in automated driving

Siebert, Felix Wilhelm ; Radtke, Fabian ; Kiyonaga, Erin ; Höger, Rainer (2019-08-23)

Current implementations of automated driving rely on the driver to monitor the vehicle and be ready to assume control in situations that the automation cannot successfully manage. However, research has shown that drivers are not able to monitor an automated vehicle for longer periods of time, as the monotonous monitoring task leads to attention reallocation or fatigue. Driver involvement in the...

Detecting motorcycle helmet use with deep learning

Siebert, Felix Wilhelm ; Lin, Hanhe (2019-11-06)

The continuous motorization of traffic has led to a sustained increase in the global number of road related fatalities and injuries. To counter this, governments are focusing on enforcing safe and law-abiding behavior in traffic. However, especially in developing countries where the motorcycle is the main form of transportation, there is a lack of comprehensive data on the safety-critical behav...

Identifizierung leistungsrelevanter Merkmale der Teamkommunikation in der Domäne Flugsicherung

Papenfuß, Anne (2019)

Die Arbeit von Teams ist ein Einflussfaktor auf die Leistungsfähigkeit des Luftverkehrssystems. In dieser Arbeit wird ein Ansatz zur Analyse der Teamkommunikation vorgestellt, um Teamarbeit und den Einfluss neuartiger Flugführungskonzepte in High-Fidelity-Simulationen zu erfassen. Hierzu wurde der Einfluss der situativen Faktoren Kommunikationsmedium und Erfahrung auf das Kommunikationsverhalte...

Introducing a multivariate model for predicting driving performance: The role of driving anger and personal characteristics

Roidl, Ernst ; Siebert, Felix Wilhelm ; Oehl, Michael ; Höger, Rainer (2013-08-15)

Introduction: Maladaptive driving is an important source of self-inflicted accidents and this driving style could include high speeds, speeding violations, and poor lateral control of the vehicle. The literature suggests that certain groups of drivers, such as novice drivers, males, highly motivated drivers, and those who frequently experience anger in traffic, tend to exhibit more maladaptive ...

The influence of time headway on subjective driver states in adaptive cruise control

Siebert, Felix Wilhelm ; Oehl, Michael ; Pfister, Hans-Rüdiger (2014-06-04)

There is no agreement on the relation between driving parameters and drivers’ subjective states. A linear as well as a threshold relationship for different subjective variables and driving parameters has been put forward. In this study we investigate the relationship between time headway and the ratings of risk, task difficulty, effort, and comfort. Knowledge about this interrelation may advanc...

The exact determination of subjective risk and comfort thresholds in car following

Siebert, Felix Wilhelm ; Oehl, Michael ; Bersch, Florian ; Pfister, Hans-Rüdiger (2017-02-04)

In this study the location of vehicle to vehicle distance thresholds for self-reported subjective risk and comfort was researched. Participants were presented with ascending and descending time headway sequences in a driving simulator. This so called method of limits of ascending and descending stimuli (Gouy, Diels, Reed, Stevens, & Burnett, 2012) was refined to efficiently determine individual...

How speed and visibility influence preferred headway distances in highly automated driving

Siebert, Felix Wilhelm ; Wallis, Fares Lian (2019-07-06)

While the introduction of highly automated vehicles promises lower accident numbers, a main requirement for wide use of these vehicles will be the acceptance by drivers. In this study a crucial variable for the acceptance of highly automated vehicles, the vehicle to vehicle distance expressed in time headway, was researched in a driving simulator. Research has shown that time headway distances,...

Patterns of motorcycle helmet use – a naturalistic observation study in Myanmar

Siebert, Felix Wilhelm ; Albers, Deike ; Naing, U Aung ; Perego, Paolo ; Santikarn, Chamaiparn (2019-01-11)

Developing countries are subject to increased motorization, particularly in the number of motorcycles. As helmet use is critical to the safety of motorcycle riders, the goal of this study was to identify observable patterns of helmet use, which allow a more accurate assessment of helmet use in developing countries. In a video based observation study, 124,784 motorcycle riders were observed at s...

The more the better? The impact of number of stages of likelihood alarm systems on human performance

Balaud, Magali ; Manzey, Dietrich (2015)

Responses to alarms involve decisions under uncertainty. Operators do not know if an alarm is more likely to be a hit or a false alarm. Likelihood alarm systems (LAS) help reduce this uncertainty by providing information about the certainty of their output. Unlike traditional binary alarm systems, they have three or more stages: each one represents a different degree of likelihood that a critic...

Decision-making and response strategies in interaction with alarms: the impact of alarm reliability, availability of alarm validity information and workload

Manzey, Dietrich ; Gérard, Nina ; Wiczorek, Rebecca (2014-09-16)

Responding to alarm systems which usually commit a number of false alarms and/or misses involves decision-making under uncertainty. Four laboratory experiments including a total of n=256 participants were conducted to gain comprehensive insight into humans’ dealing with this uncertainty. Specifically, it was investigated how responses to alarms/nonalarms are affected by the predictive validitie...

Do we really need more stages? Comparing the effects of likelihood alarm systems and binary alarm systems

Zirk, Anna ; Wiczorek, Rebecca ; Manzey, Dietrich (2019-06-19)

Objective: This research investigates the potential behavioral and performance benefits of a 4-stage likelihood alarm system (4-LAS) contrasting a 3-LAS, a binary alarm system with a liberal threshold (lib-BAS) and a BAS with a conservative threshold (con-BAS). Background: Prior research has shown performance benefits of 3-LASs over conventional lib-BASs due to more distinct response strategie...

Trust in highly automated driving

Stephan, Amelie (2019)

The automotive industry is on the verge of a new technology: self-driving vehicles. Such highly automated driving vehicles are more and more technically feasible, and corporations and research institutes all over the world are investing time and money to bring the once futuristic vision on the road. The technology is developed with the goal to release the driver from the manual task of controll...

Effects of Trust, Self-Confidence, and Feedback on the Use of Decision Automation

Wiczorek, Rebecca ; Meyer, Joachim (2019-03-12)

Operators often fail to rely sufficiently on alarm systems. This results in a joint human-machine (JHM) sensitivity below the one of the alarm system. The ‘confidence vs. trust hypothesis’ assumes the use of the system depends on the weighting of both values. In case of higher confidence, the task is performed manually, if trust is higher, the user relies on the system. Thus, insufficient relia...

On the Relation Between Reliance and Compliance in an Aided Visual Scanning Task

Wiczorek, Rebecca ; Meyer, Joachim ; Günzler, Torsten (2012)

Alarms, alerts, and other binary cues affect user behavior in complex ways. One relevant distinction is the suggestion that there are two different responses to alerts – compliance (the tendency to perform an action cued by the alert) and reliance (the tendency to refrain from actions as long as no alert is issued). An experiment tested the dependence of the two behaviors on the Positive and Ne...

Benefits of Decision-Support by Likelihood versus Binary Alarm Systems

Wiczorek, Rebecca ; Manzey, Dietrich ; Zirk, Anna (2014)

Recent research has shown that the use of 3-stage likelihood alarm systems (LAS) has the potential to mitigate performance deficits associated with the use of binary alarm systems (BAS). The additional likelihood information can guide operators’ behavior and improve their decision-making accuracy. Comparisons of LAS with different numbers of stages are missing so far. Therefore, the current stu...