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Main Title: Exceptional long-life performance of lithium-ion batteries using ionic liquid-based electrolytes
Author(s): Elia, Giuseppe Antonio
Ulissi, Ulderico
Jeong, Sangsik
Passerini, Stefano
Hassoun, Jusef
Type: Article
Language Code: en
Abstract: Advanced ionic liquid-based electrolytes are herein characterized for application in high performance lithium-ion batteries. The electrolytes based on either N-butyl-N-methylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl) imide (Pyr(14)TFSI), N-butyl-N-methylpyrrolidinium bis(fluoro-sulfonyl) imide (Pyr(14)FSI), N-methoxy-ethyl-N-methylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethane-sulfonyl) imide (Pyr(12O1)TFSI) or N-N-diethyl-N-methyl-N-(2methoxyethyl) ammonium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl) imide (DEMETFSI) ionic liquids and lithium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl) imide (LiTFSI) salt are fully characterized in terms of ionic conductivity, viscosity, electrochemical properties and lithium-interphase stability. All IL-based electrolytes reveal suitable characteristics for application in batteries. Lithium half-cells, employing a LiFePO4 polyanionic cathode, show remarkable performance. In particular, relevant efficiency and rate-capability are observed for the Py14FSI-LiTFSI electrolyte, which is further characterized for application in a lithium-ion battery composed of the alloying Sn-C nanocomposite anode and LiFePO4 cathode. The IL-based full-cell delivers a maximum reversible capacity of about 160 mA h g(-1) (versus cathode weight) at a working voltage of about 3 V, corresponding to an estimated practical energy of about 160 W h kg(-1). The cell evidences outstanding electrochemical cycle life, i.e., extended over 2000 cycles without signs of decay, and satisfactory rate capability. This performance together with the high safety provided by the IL-electrolyte, olivine-structure cathode and Li-alloying anode, makes this cell chemistry well suited for application in new-generation electric and electronic devices.
Issue Date: 2016
Date Available: 24-Oct-2017
DDC Class: 690 Hausbau, Bauhandwerk
Journal Title: Energy & environmental science
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Publisher Place: Cambridge
Volume: 9
Issue: 10
Publisher DOI: 10.1039/c6ee01295g
Page Start: 3210
Page End: 3220
EISSN: 1754-5706
ISSN: 1754-5692
Notes: Dieser Beitrag ist mit Zustimmung des Rechteinhabers aufgrund einer (DFG geförderten) Allianz- bzw. Nationallizenz frei zugänglich.
This publication is with permission of the rights owner freely accessible due to an Alliance licence and a national licence (funded by the DFG, German Research Foundation) respectively.
Appears in Collections:FG Nano Interconnect Technologies » Publications

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