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Main Title: Contingency factors on university spin-off formation: an empirical study in Germany
Author(s): Lautenschläger, Arndt
Haase, Heiko
Kratzer, Jan
Type: Article
Language Code: en
Abstract: Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate contingency factors on the emergence of university spin-off firms. The institutional and organisational factors the paper explores comprise the transfer potential of the university, the strategy and characteristics of the University Technology Transfer Organisations and specific support for spin-off formation. Design/methodology/approach – Based on a unique data set, this cross-sectional study analyses the population of 54 higher education institutions in Germany. At this, 31.4 per cent of the German universities with technology transfer activities participated in this study. Findings – The research identifies a high degree of heterogeneity in the qualification of University Technology Transfer Offices (UTTO) staff and the existence of an entrepreneurship support programme as important antecedents of spin-off formation. In addition, the results reveal that pursuing different or multiple transfer strategies will not be detrimental to the establishment of spin-offs. Practical implications – It seems that there is still a lack of consensus with respect to the importance of spin-offs as an effective channel to transform research results into economic value. Furthermore, universities aiming at the promotion of spin-offs need appropriate regulations which do not jeopardise the usage of research outcomes for entrepreneurial purposes. Originality/value – This study contributes to enhance the knowledge on what promotes and inhibits the formation of university spin-off firms, as it first analyses a considerable population of UTTOs in Germany and explicitly considers underexplored and new contingency factors.
Issue Date: 2014
Date Available: 26-Oct-2017
DDC Class: 330 Wirtschaft
650 Management und unterstützende Tätigkeiten
Subject(s): Germany
academic entrepreneurship
spin-off firms
technology transfer offices
Journal Title: Journal of entrepreneurship and public policy
Publisher: Emerald
Publisher Place: Bingley
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Publisher DOI: 10.1108/jepp-02-2012-0013
Page Start: 160
Page End: 176
ISSN: 2045-2101
Notes: Dieser Beitrag ist mit Zustimmung des Rechteinhabers aufgrund einer (DFG geförderten) Allianz- bzw. Nationallizenz frei zugänglich.
This publication is with permission of the rights owner freely accessible due to an Alliance licence and a national licence (funded by the DFG, German Research Foundation) respectively.
Appears in Collections:FG Entrepreneurship & Innovationsmanagement (EIM) » Publications

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