FG Wissenschaftsgeschichte

7 Items

Recent Submissions
Die Genesis des Gottesteilchens

Borrelli, Arianna (2015)


The making of an intrinsic property: “Symmetry heuristics” in early particle physics

Borrelli, Arianna (2014)

Mathematical invariances, usually referred to as “symmetries”, are today often regarded as providing a privileged heuristic guideline for understanding natural phenomena, especially those of micro-physics. The rise of symmetries in particle physics has often been portrayed by physicists and philosophers as the “application” of mathematical invariances to the ordering of particle phenomena, but ...

In pursuit of a science of agriculture: the role of statistics in field experiments

Parolini, Giuditta (2015)

Since the beginning of the twentieth century statistics has reshaped the experimental cultures of agricultural research taking part in the subtle dialectic between the epistemic and the material that is proper to experimental systems. This transformation has become especially relevant in field trials and the paper will examine the British agricultural institution, Rothamsted Experimental Statio...

Charting the history of agricultural experiments

Parolini, Giuditta (2015)

Agricultural experimentation is a world in constant evolution, spanning multiple scientific domains and affecting society at large. Even though the questions underpinning agricultural experiments remain largely the same, the instruments and practices for answering them have changed constantly during the twentieth century with the advent of new disciplines like molecular biology, genomics, stati...

The emergence of modern statistics in agricultural science

Parolini, Giuditta (2015)

During the twentieth century statistical methods have transformed research in the experimental and social sciences. Qualitative evidence has largely been replaced by quantitative results and the tools of statistical inference have helped foster a new ideal of objectivity in scientific knowledge. The paper will investigate this transformation by considering the genesis of analysis of variance an...

Building human and industrial capacity in European biotechnology: the Yeast Genome Sequencing Project (1989–1996)

Parolini, Giuditta (2018-02-22)

During the years 1989-1996 the European Commission took a leading role in sequencing the yeast genome. The project was completed in April 1996 and celebrated as the success of a European research strategy based on a distributed model of scientific collaboration. Almost one hundred laboratories and private companies dispersed all over Europe took part in the sequencing work sponsored by the Euro...

Music without musicians ... but with scientists, technicians and computer companies

Parolini, Giuditta (2017)

In the early days of music technologies the collaboration between musicians, scientists, technicians and equipment producers was very close. How did this collaboration develop? Why did scientific, business, and musical agendas converge towards a common goal? Was there a mutual exchange of skills and expertise? To answer these questions this article will consider a case study in early computer m...