FG Wissenschaftsgeschichte

11 Items

Recent Submissions
Beyond recipes: The Baconian natural and experimental histories as an epistemic genre

Pastorino, Cesare (2020-08-28)

In 1622, Francis Bacon published his Historia naturalis et experimentalis. Many of the features of Bacon's natural and experimental histories were entirely new. This paper studies this literary form as a new epistemic genre. In particular, it analyzes its origin and evolution in Bacon's work, focusing on how its basic template and features were influenced by his specific epistemic requirements....

Embodied cognition and its implications for the educational system

Shirvani Ghadikolaei, Elham (2020)

Embodied cognition as a quite contemporary theory has the potential to be used in different fields, especially when this theory challenges many fundamental assumptions of philosophy or even science. On the other hand, one can find common ground between these theories and post-structuralist philosopher Gilles Deleuze. Combining these two would be a radical and revolutionary idea that transforms ...

Giovan Battista Della Porta's construction of pneumatic phenomena and his use of recipes as heuristic tools

Borrelli, Arianna (2020-07-24)

In this paper, I suggest that research results from the history and philosophy of modern science provide a valuable methodological contribution for investigating early modern experimental philosophy and employ them to reassess the contribution of Giovan Battista Della Porta to its development. In modern science, the production of experimental knowledge is dependent on a complex array of communi...

Respectful treatment of persons

Fasoro, Sunday Adeniyi (2019)

How can we justifiably promote respectful treatment of persons on the basis of humanity? In this dissertation, I argue for a good will answer: the humanity we ‘owe’ respectful treatment is the commitment to moral principle which is only possessed by someone with a good will. If we are to lay claim to respectful treatment on the basis of our humanity, we can justifiably construct ‘humanity’ as a...

Die Genesis des Gottesteilchens

Borrelli, Arianna (2015)

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The making of an intrinsic property: “Symmetry heuristics” in early particle physics

Borrelli, Arianna (2014)

Mathematical invariances, usually referred to as “symmetries”, are today often regarded as providing a privileged heuristic guideline for understanding natural phenomena, especially those of micro-physics. The rise of symmetries in particle physics has often been portrayed by physicists and philosophers as the “application” of mathematical invariances to the ordering of particle phenomena, but ...

In pursuit of a science of agriculture: the role of statistics in field experiments

Parolini, Giuditta (2015)

Since the beginning of the twentieth century statistics has reshaped the experimental cultures of agricultural research taking part in the subtle dialectic between the epistemic and the material that is proper to experimental systems. This transformation has become especially relevant in field trials and the paper will examine the British agricultural institution, Rothamsted Experimental Statio...

Charting the history of agricultural experiments

Parolini, Giuditta (2015)

Agricultural experimentation is a world in constant evolution, spanning multiple scientific domains and affecting society at large. Even though the questions underpinning agricultural experiments remain largely the same, the instruments and practices for answering them have changed constantly during the twentieth century with the advent of new disciplines like molecular biology, genomics, stati...

The emergence of modern statistics in agricultural science

Parolini, Giuditta (2015)

During the twentieth century statistical methods have transformed research in the experimental and social sciences. Qualitative evidence has largely been replaced by quantitative results and the tools of statistical inference have helped foster a new ideal of objectivity in scientific knowledge. The paper will investigate this transformation by considering the genesis of analysis of variance an...

Building human and industrial capacity in European biotechnology: the Yeast Genome Sequencing Project (1989–1996)

Parolini, Giuditta (2018-02-22)

During the years 1989-1996 the European Commission took a leading role in sequencing the yeast genome. The project was completed in April 1996 and celebrated as the success of a European research strategy based on a distributed model of scientific collaboration. Almost one hundred laboratories and private companies dispersed all over Europe took part in the sequencing work sponsored by the Euro...

Music without musicians ... but with scientists, technicians and computer companies

Parolini, Giuditta (2017)

In the early days of music technologies the collaboration between musicians, scientists, technicians and equipment producers was very close. How did this collaboration develop? Why did scientific, business, and musical agendas converge towards a common goal? Was there a mutual exchange of skills and expertise? To answer these questions this article will consider a case study in early computer m...