Mollenhauer, Eike ; Christidis, Andreas ; Tsatsaronis, George (2016-02-29)
Reduced models of combined heat and power plants are required for different applications. Among other usages, they are implemented as mixed integer linear programs (MILP) in energy market models or price-based unit commitment problems to study the economic feasibility and optimal operation strategies of different units. Generic models are particularly useful when limited information is availabl...Advanced exergoeconomic analysis of a power plant with CO2 capture
Petrakopoulou, Fontina ; Tsatsaronis, George ; Morosuka, Tatiana (2015)
Conventional exergy-based analyses reveal options for improving energy conversion systems, but they suffer from some limitations that are addressed by advanced exergy-based analyses. Advanced exergy-based methods are capable of (1) identifying interdependencies among plant components (endogenous / exogenous values), and (2) revealing the potential for improvement (avoidable / unavoidable values...Transient lattice contraction in the solid-to-plasma transition
Ferguson, K. R. ; Bucher, M. ; Gorkhover, Tais ; Boutet, S. ; Fukuzawa, H. ; Koglin, J. E. ; Kumagai, Y. ; Lutman, A. ; Marinelli, A. ; Messerschmidt, M. ; Nagaya, K. ; Turner, J. ; Ueda, K. ; Williams, G. J. ; Bucksbaum, P. H. ; Bostedt, C. (2016)
In condensed matter systems, strong optical excitations can induce phonon-driven processes that alter their mechanical properties. We report on a new phenomenon where a massive electronic excitation induces a collective change in the bond character that leads to transient lattice contraction. Single large van der Waals clusters were isochorically heated to a nanoplasma state with an intense 10-...Against the Odds: The Potential of Swarm Electrification for Small Island Development States
Koepke, Mathias ; Groh, Sebastian (2016)
The paper builds on earlier observations using system complexity theory to explain the characteristics of a swarm electrification approach using existing small, distributed renewable energy generation infrastructure integrated into a grid. The concept is based on swarm intelligence where information and electricity flow between neighbors to achieve a compounding network effect, in that they are...