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Main Title: Why closing an Airport May not Matter – The Impact of the Relocation of TXL Airport on the Bus Network of Berlin
Author(s): Neumann, Andreas
Type: Article
Language Code: en
Abstract: This paper investigates the closure of TXL airport and its impact on the bus network of Berlin. The results of the scenario are based on a co-evolutionary algorithm for public transit network design. The algorithm is integrated in a multi-modal multi-agent simulation. In the simulation, competing minibus operators start exploring the public transport market offering their services. With more successful operators expanding and less successful operators going bankrupt, a sustainable network of minibus services evolves. In the TXL scenario, the impact of the massive change in demand is found to be locally confined. Only transit lines serving TXL airport directly are affected. Furthermore, transit lines are found to have a higher probability of surviving if connecting two different activity centers, e.g. transit hubs. Following a hub-and-spoke approach by letting the line end in low-demand areas renders a line less attractive because of a reduced connectivity, e.g. to one train station only.
Issue Date: 2015
Date Available: 19-Apr-2018
DDC Class: 004 Datenverarbeitung; Informatik
Subject(s): demand responsive
evolutionary algorithm
multi-agent simulation
public transport
transit network design
Journal Title: Procedia Computer Science
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Publisher Place: Red Hook, NY
Volume: 52
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.procs.2015.05.160
Page Start: 896
Page End: 901
ISSN: 1877-0509
Appears in Collections:FG Verkehrssystemplanung und Verkehrstelematik » Publications

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