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Main Title: Deliquescence‐induced wetting and RSL‐like darkening of a Mars analogue soil containing various perchlorate and chloride salts
Author(s): Heinz, Jacob
Schulze‐Makuch, Dirk
Kounaves, Samuel P.
Type: Article
Language Code: en
Abstract: Recurring slope lineae (RSL) are flow‐like features on Mars characterized by a local darkening of the soil thought to be generated by the formation and flow of liquid brines. One possible mechanism responsible for forming these brines could be the deliquescence of salts present in the Martian soil. We show that the JSC Mars‐1a analogue soil undergoes a darkening process when salts dispersed in the soil deliquesce, but forming continuous liquid films and larger droplets takes much longer than previously assumed. Thus, RSL may not necessarily require concurrent flowing liquid water/brine or a salt‐recharge mechanism, and their association with gullies may be the result of previously flowing water and deposited salts during an earlier warmer and wetter period. In addition, our results show that electrical conductivity measurements correlate well with the deliquescence rates and provide better overall characterization than either Raman spectroscopy or estimates based on deliquescence relative humidity.
Issue Date: 13-May-2016
Date Available: 25-May-2018
DDC Class: 520 Astronomie und zugeordnete Wissenschaften
Subject(s): deliquescence
electrical conductivity
Sponsor/Funder: ERC/FP7/339231/EU/Habitability of Martian Environments: Exploring the Physiological and Environmental Limits of Life/HOME
Journal Title: Geophysical Research Letters
Publisher: American Geophysical Union
Publisher Place: Washington, DC
Volume: 43
Issue: 10
Publisher DOI: 10.1002/2016GL068919
Page Start: 4880
Page End: 4884
ISSN: 0094-8276
Appears in Collections:Zentrum für Astronomie und Astrophysik » Publications

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