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Main Title: Upscaling the shallow water model with a novel roughness formulation
Author(s): Özgen, Ilhan
Teuber, Katharina
Simons, Franz
Liang, Dongfang
Hinkelmann, Reinhard
Type: Article
Language Code: en
Is Part Of: 10.14279/depositonce-6269
Abstract: This study presents a novel roughness formulation to conceptually account for microtopography and compares it to four existing roughness models from literature. The aim is to increase the grid size for computational efficiency, while capturing subgrid scale effects with the roughness formulation to prevent the loss in accuracy associated with coarse grids. All roughness approaches are implemented in the Hydroinformatics Modeling System and compared with results of a high resolution shallow water model in three test cases: rainfall-runoff on an inclined plane with sine-wave shaped microtopography, flow over an inclined plane with random microtopography and rainfall-runoff in a small natural catchment. Although the high resolution results can not be reproduced exactly by the coarse grid model, e.g. local details of flow processes can not be resolved, overall good agreement between the upscaled models and the high resolution model has been achieved. It is concluded that the accuracy increases with the number of calibration parameters available, however the calibration process becomes more difficult. Using coarser grids results in significant speedup in comparison with the high resolution simulation. In the presented test cases the speedup varies from 20 up to 2520, depending on the size and complexity of the test case and the difference in cell sizes. The proposed roughness formulation generally shows the best agreement with the reference solution, compared to the other models investigated in this study.
Issue Date: Aug-2015
Date Available: 17-Aug-2018
DDC Class: 550 Geowissenschaften, Geologie
Subject(s): upscaling
roughness formulation
shallow water equations
overland flow
Journal Title: Environmental Earth Sciences
Publisher: Springer
Publisher Place: Berlin ; Heidelberg
Volume: 74
Issue: 11
Publisher DOI: 10.1007/s12665-015-4726-7
Page Start: 7371
Page End: 7386
ISSN: 1866-6299
Appears in Collections:FG Wasserwirtschaft und Hydrosystemmodellierung » Publications

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