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Main Title: Photosystem II: Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Electron Transport from QA- to QB(QB- ) and Deleterious Effects of Copper(II)
Author(s): Renger, G.
Gleiter, H. M.
Haag, E.
Reifarth, F.
Type: Article
Language Code: en
Abstract: Studies on thermodynamics and kinetics of electron transfer from QA- to QB(QB-) were performed by monitoring laser flash induced changes of the relative fluorescence emission as a function of temperature (220 K < T < 310 K) in isolated thylakoids and PS II membrane fragments. In addition, effects of bivalent metal ions on PS II were investigated by measuring conventional fluorescence induction curves, oxygen evolution, manganese content and atrazine binding mostly in PS II membrane fragments. It was found: a) the normalized level of the fluorescence remaining 10 s after the actinic flash (Ft/F0) steeply increases at temperatures below -10 to - 20 °C, b) the fast phase of the transient fluorescence change becomes markedly retarded with decreasing temperatures, c) among different cations (Cu2+, Zn2+, Cd2+, Ni2+, Co2+) only Cu2+ exhibits marked effects in the concentration range below 100 μᴍ and d) Cu2+ decreases the normalized variable fluorescence, inhibits oxygen evolution and diminishes the affinity to atrazine binding without affecting the number of binding sites. The content of about four manganeses per functionally competent oxygen evolving complex is not changed by [Cu2+] < 70 μᴍ. Based on these findings it is concluded: i) a temperature dependent equilibrium between an inactive (I) and active (A) state of QA- reoxidation by QB(QB- ) is characterized by standard enthalpies ΔH° of 95 kJ mol-1 and 60 kJ mol-1 and standard entropies ΔS° of 370 kJ K-1 mol-1 and 240 kJ K-1 mol-1 in isolated thylakoids and PS II membrane fragments, respectively, ii) the activation energies of QA- reoxidation by plastoquinone bound to the QB site are about 30 kJ mol-1 (thylakoids) and 40 kJ mol-1 (PS II membrane fragments) in 220 K < T < 300 K, and iii) Cu2+ causes at least a two-fold effect on PS II by modifying the atrazine binding affinity at lower concentrations ( ~ 5 μᴍ) and interference with the redox active tyrosine Yz at slightly higher concentration ( ~ 10 μᴍ) leading to blockage of oxygen evolution.
Issue Date: 1993
Date Available: 10-Nov-2018
DDC Class: 570 Biowissenschaften; Biologie
Subject(s): Photosystem II
copper(II) effects
oxygen evolution
Journal Title: Zeitschrift für Naturforschung C
Publisher: De Gruyter
Publisher Place: Berlin
Volume: 48
Issue: 3-4
Publisher DOI: 10.1515/znc-1993-3-419
Page Start: 234
Page End: 240
EISSN: 1865-7125
ISSN: 0939-5075
Appears in Collections:Inst. Chemie » Publications

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