Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dx.doi.org/10.14279/depositonce-7904
|Main Title:||Studies on the Functional Mechanism of System II Herbicides in Isolated Chloroplasts|
Vermaas, Wim F.J.
|Abstract:||The effect of specific proteolytic enzymes on variable fluorescence, p-benzoquinone-mediated oxygen evolution, PS II herbicide (atrazine and bromoxynil) binding, and protein degradation has been analyzed in isolated class II pea chloroplasts. It was found that: 1. Trypsin and a lysine-specific protease effectively reduce the maximum chlorophyll-a fluorescence yield, whereas the initial fluorescence remains almost constant. At the same number of enzymatic activity units both proteases have practically the same effect. 2. Trypsin and a lysine-specific protease inhibit the p-benzoquinone-mediated flash-induced oxygen evolution with trypsin being markedly more effective at the same number of activity units of both enzymes. Unstacked thylakoids exhibit a higher sensitivity to proteolytic degradation by both enzymes. 3. Trypsin and a lysine-specific protease reduce the binding capacity of [14C]atrazine, but enhance that of [14C]bromoxynil (at long incubation times trypsin treatment also impairs bromoxynil binding). At the same specific activity a markedly longer treatment is required for the lysine-specific protease in order to achieve the same degree of modification as with trypsin. 4. Trypsin was found to attack the rapidly-turned-over 32 kDa-protein severely, whereas the lysine-specific protease does not modify this polypeptide. On the other hand, the lysine-specific protease attacks the light harvesting complex II. 5. Under our experimental conditions an arginine-specific protease did not affect chlorophyll-a fluorescence yield, p-benzoquinone-mediated oxygen evolution, herbicide binding and the poly- peptide pattern. Based on these results a mechanism is proposed in which an as yet unidentified polypeptide with exposable lysine residues, as well as the lysine-free “QB-protein” regulate the electron transfer from Q-A to QB and are involved in herbicide binding.|
|DDC Class:||570 Biowissenschaften; Biologie|
|Journal Title:||Zeitschrift für Naturforschung C|
|Appears in Collections:||FG Physikalische Chemie / Biophysikalische Chemie » Publications|
This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License