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Main Title: Polystyrene-grafted Carbon Fibers: Surface Properties and Adhesion to Polystyrene
Author(s): Bismarck, Alexander
Pfaffernoschke, Matthias
Springer, Jürgen
Schulz, Eckhard
Type: Article
Language Code: en
Abstract: It is highly desirable to improve attractive interactions between carbon fibers and unreactive thermoplastic matrices to the possible maximum. This could be achieved by a simple grafting process to create a covalently bonded interface or interlayer, which should result in cohesive interactions between the polymer-grafted fibers and the same matrix material, leading to a better adhesion strength in the obtained composite material. Here, we are describing the grafting of styrene onto unmodified and unsized carbon fibers via free-radical bulk polymerization in the presence of fibers. After grafting, the surface properties of the carbon fiber approach those of pure polystyrene which was proven by contact angle and zeta (ζ) potential measurements. As indicated by the water contact angle, the carbon fiber surface becomes more hydrophobic. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) provides evidence of grafted polymer. This simple procedure results in a continuous polystyrene coating. The fiber diameter increases significantly after polymer grafting. The adhesion and fracture behavior between the original and polystyrene-grafted carbon fibers to a polystyrene (VESTYRON®) matrix was characterized using the single-fiber pull-out test. There is a considerable increase in the measurable adhesion, i.e., the interfacial shear strength IFSS, by almost 300% between the grafted fibers and polystyrene as compared to untreated original fibers. Two planes of interfacial failure could be distinguished; first in the fiber coating interface leading to lower interfacial shear strength and second in the PS-matrix-PS-coating interphase resulting in a higher interfacial shear strength. In addition to the improved adhesion, there are also clear differences in the pull-out behavior between the nongrafted and grafted fibers. After the initial debonding process corresponding to the maximal pull-out force is completed, the pull-out force is increasing again.
Issue Date: 2005
Date Available: 8-Jan-2019
DDC Class: 660 Chemische Verfahrenstechnik
Subject(s): polystyrene
carbon fiber
contact angle
single-fiber pull-out test
Journal Title: Journal of Thermoplastic Composite Materials
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Publisher Place: Washington, DC
Volume: 18
Issue: 4
Publisher DOI: 10.1177/0892705705049559
Page Start: 307
Page End: 331
EISSN: 1530-7980
ISSN: 0892-7057
Notes: Dieser Beitrag ist mit Zustimmung des Rechteinhabers aufgrund einer (DFG geförderten) Allianz- bzw. Nationallizenz frei zugänglich.
This publication is with permission of the rights owner freely accessible due to an Alliance licence and a national licence (funded by the DFG, German Research Foundation) respectively.
Appears in Collections:Inst. Chemie » Publications

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