Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Main Title: Developmental Pattern of Prosocial Motivation
Subtitle: A Cross-National Study
Author(s): Boehnke, Klaus
Silbereisen, Rainer K.
Eisenberg, Nancy
Reykowski, Janusz
Palmonari, Augusto
Type: Article
Language Code: en
Abstract: Changes in patterns of prosocial motivation between Grades 2 and 12 were examined in five samples from four countrics: West Germany, Poland, Italy, and the United States. The Prosocial Motivation Questionnaire (PSMQ), an instrument based on theoretical elaborations about evaluative standards operative in prosocial action, was used to assess within-subject preference for five prosocial motives: hedonism, self-interest, conformity, task orientation, and other-orientation. Studied were two samples from Berlin (West; average age range, 11-6 to 18-6 years) and one sample each from Warsaw (11-11 to 18-11), Bologna (11-6 to 18-11), and Phoenix, Arizona (8-4 to 13-4). The major results held for all cities studied and confirm the generalizability of earlier national findings. Specifically, the major findings were as follows: (1) extrinsic motives for prosocial acts (hedonism and self-interest) were least preferred, whereas intrinsic motives (task and other-orientation) were most highly valued, and conformity was always in between; (2) preference for hedonism decreased in the younger samples, preference for conformity decreased in the older samples, and age-related increases were found only for task orientation; and (3) gender differences emerged at age 12, thus confirming prior findings that girls prefer intrinsic motives more than boys do.
Issue Date: 1989
Date Available: 8-Jan-2019
DDC Class: 150 Psychologie
390 Bräuche, Etikette, Folklore
Subject(s): Prosocial Motivation Questionnaire
prosocial motivation
Journal Title: Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Publisher Place: Washington, DC
Volume: 20
Issue: 3
Publisher DOI: 10.1177/0022022189203001
Page Start: 219
Page End: 243
EISSN: 1552-5422
ISSN: 0022-0221
Notes: Dieser Beitrag ist mit Zustimmung des Rechteinhabers aufgrund einer (DFG geförderten) Allianz- bzw. Nationallizenz frei zugänglich.
This publication is with permission of the rights owner freely accessible due to an Alliance licence and a national licence (funded by the DFG, German Research Foundation) respectively.
Appears in Collections:Inst. Erziehungswissenschaft » Publications

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Boehnke_et_al_1989.pdf1.81 MBAdobe PDFThumbnail

Items in DepositOnce are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.