Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dx.doi.org/10.14279/depositonce-7967
|Main Title:||Status of pre-processing of waste electrical and electronic equipment in Germany and its influence on the recovery of gold|
Rotter, Vera Susanne
|Abstract:||Waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) contains gold in low but from an environmental and economic point of view relevant concentration. After collection, WEEE is pre-processed in order to generate appropriate material fractions that are sent to the subsequent end-processing stages (recovery, reuse or disposal). The goal of this research is to quantify the overall recovery rates of pre-processing technologies used in Germany for the reference year 2007. To achieve this goal, facilities operating in Germany were listed and classified according to the technology they apply. Information on their processing capacity was gathered by evaluating statistical databases. Based on a literature review of experimental results for gold recovery rates of different pre-processing technologies, the German overall recovery rate of gold at the pre-processing level was quantified depending on the characteristics of the treated WEEE. The results reveal that — depending on the equipment groups — pre-processing recovery rates of gold of 29 to 61% are achieved in Germany. Some practical recommendations to reduce the losses during pre-processing could be formulated. Defining mass-based recovery targets in the legislation does not set incentives to recover trace elements. Instead, the priorities for recycling could be defined based on other parameters like the environmental impacts of the materials. The implementation of measures to reduce the gold losses would also improve the recovery of several other non-ferrous metals like tin, nickel, and palladium.|
|DDC Class:||690 Hausbau, Bauhandwerk|
|Subject(s):||waste electrical and electronic equipment|
|Journal Title:||Waste Management & Research|
|Publisher Place:||Washington, DC|
|Notes:||Dieser Beitrag ist mit Zustimmung des Rechteinhabers aufgrund einer (DFG geförderten) Allianz- bzw. Nationallizenz frei zugänglich.|
This publication is with permission of the rights owner freely accessible due to an Alliance licence and a national licence (funded by the DFG, German Research Foundation) respectively.
|Appears in Collections:||FG Technischer Umweltschutz / Sustainable Engineering » Publications|
Items in DepositOnce are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.