Fak. 6 Planen Bauen Umwelt

1117 Items

Recent Submissions
Conscious city laboratory

Köring, Dietmar (2019)

In den letzten Jahren haben sich neuartige Informations- und Kommunikations- Technologien, sowie Mensch-Maschine-Schnittstellen in hohem Maße entwickelt. Technologien wie die künstliche Intelligenz und das Internet of Things werden als räumliche Voraussetzung für wachsende Städte gefördert. Daten, Robotik und digitale Vorfertigung bilden die Konglomerate, die uns zu neuen Möglichkeiten führen, ...

Decision making in structural engineering problems under polymorphic uncertainty

Petryna, Yuri ; Drieschner, Martin (2019-02-22)

The treatment of diverse uncertainties is an important challenge in structural engineering problems, especially from the viewpoint of realistic analysis. Inaccuracy and variability are always present and have to be quantified by either probabilistic, possibilistic, polymorphic or other uncertainty approaches. Regardless to the applied uncertainty quantification method, the numerical predictions...

Design Draw : Labyrinthe, Darstellung und Gestaltung

(2019)

Labyrinthe sind ausgeklügelte Strukturen mit einer verschachtelten Kombination von Wegen oder Gängen, in denen es schwierig ist, seinen Weg zu finden oder den Ausgang zu erreichen. Dieses räumliche Konzept hat zu vielen metaphorischen Interpretationen geführt und dessen Bedeutung hat im Laufe der Geschichte eine spezielle Typologie von Labyrinthen hervorgebracht. Während des dokumentierten Semi...

The planner's subjective destitution: towards a hysterical-analytical triad of planning theory-research-practice

Castillo Ulloa, Ignacio (2019-04-30)

In this article, I set out different relationships between planning theory, research and practice, drawing on Lacan's "production of four discourses". I argue that each element of the planning theory-research-practice 'triad' acts as the discursive 'agent' and gives rise to particular kinds of 'subject-planner' (the 'master', the 'expert', the 'idealistic' and the 'pragmatic') with specific ide...

GNSS inter-system bias estimation, modeling, and prediction

Jiang, Nan (2019)

Up to now, the precise point positioning (PPP) has stepped from the single system mode into the multi-GNSS combination. The key point of multi-GNSS integrated PPP is to carefully calibrate the inter-system-bias (ISB) between different systems. If ISB can be modeled, this error will be well corrected. It will significantly increase the usability of satellites and enhance compatibility and intero...

Response anomalies in discrete choice experiments for environmental valuation

Oehlmann, Malte (2019)

The use of discrete choice experiments (DCEs) to value environmental goods and services has been rapidly increasing over the last years. However, many studies call into question the validity of this approach. Biases in welfare estimates derived from DCEs may arise from response behavior which is not fully consistent with one or more of the assumptions underlying stated preference approaches. Si...

Fold Refold : Deployable narratives and digital fabrication

Borrego, Ignacio ; García Martínez, Pedro ; Peña Fernández-Serrano, Martino ; Cerezuela Motos, Antonio ; Albrecht, Benjamin (2019)

Deployable structures are mobile constructions with a great variety of spacial peculiarity, extent and layout. The documented workshop “Digital Fabrication & Deployable Structures” investigates in their history and tests how those flexible structures can be digitally fabricated and parametrically designed using lasercutting technology. The resulting prototypes were developed in a collaborative ...

Contentious Light: An Analytical Framework for Lighting Conflicts

Meier, Josiane Maria (2019)

This paper takes into view the broad range of contemporary conflicts regarding outdoor lighting. It proposes a working-definition that allows for differentiating lighting conflicts from other forms of lighting-related contention, as well as an analytical framework that allows for the structured description of individual lighting conflicts, and the comparative analysis of multiple cases. The ana...

Temporal Profiles of Urban Lighting: Proposal for a research design and first results from three sites in Berlin

Meier, Josiane Maria (2018)

This paper presents and experimentally applies a research design for studying the temporal dimension of outdoor artificial illumination in complex lightscapes such as those of urban centres. It contributes to filling the gap between analyses of high-resolution aerial imagery, which provide detailed but static information on the spatial composition of lightscapes, and existing methods for studyi...

Mapping recreational visits and values of European National Parks by combining statistical modelling and unit value transfer

Schägner, Jan Philipp ; Brander, Luke ; Maes, Joachim ; Paracchini, Maria Luisa ; Hartje, Volkmar (2016)

Recreation is a major ecosystem service and an important co-benefit of nature conservation. The recreational value of National Parks (NPs) can be a strong argument in favour of allocating resources for preserving and creating NPs worldwide. Managing NPs to optimize recreational services can therefore indirectly contribute to nature conservation and biodiversity protection. Understanding the dri...

Total Least Squares Spline Approximation

Neitzel, Frank ; Ezhov, Nikolaj ; Petrovic, Svetozar (2019-05-22)

Spline approximation, using both values yi and xi as observations, is of vital importance for engineering geodesy, e.g., for approximation of profiles measured with terrestrial laser scanners, because it enables the consideration of arbitrary dispersion matrices for the observations. In the special case of equally weighted and uncorrelated observations, the resulting error vectors are orthogona...

Adapting the water management to mitigate the impact of multiple stressors on an urban lake

Ladwig, Robert (2019)

Urban lakes are aquatic ecosystems that are influenced by a water management system and by a possibly strongly sealed urban catchment. The water management aims to fulfill multiple objectives: providing drinking water, sanitation and recreation for the people as well as keeping the ecosystem in a sustainable and resilient state. Urban lakes are facing several stressors. For instance, climate ch...

Cities as engines for mobility transitions

Lah, Oliver (2019)

The transformation of cities towards sustainable and inclusive development is a key objective of the New Urban Agenda (United Nations 2017). Transport infrastructure is a critical factor in shaping cities, determining the energy intensity of mobility and providing access to essential social and economic opportunities. The sector also plays an important role in global climate change mitigation s...

Post-rural urbanization in China

Huang, Huang (2019)

Within China, urban areas are seen as the fundamental arena of market and growth while rural areas are considered to be sites of subsidiary resource provision. This viewpoint, and its corresponding neglect of rural development, has widened the gap between urban and rural China. Low-end industrial sprawl, planned demolitions, and the “Socialist New Villages” all increasingly problematized rural ...

Spatio-temporal analysis of landslide hazard in southern Kyrgyzstan Using GIS and remote sensing data

Golovko, Darya (2019)

Large areas in southern Kyrgyzstan are affected by intensive landsliding, which results in the loss of human life and damages to the housing and infrastructure. A quantitative landslide hazard assessment based on a systematic landslide record is needed to better understand landslide processes in the region and to implement more effective hazard mitigation measures. Landslide investigations have...

Spatially explicit assessment of recreational ecosystem services

Schägner, Jan Philipp (2019)

Spatial assessments and mapping of ecosystem service values has become a widely addressed research issue. It is more and more used to consult land-use and conservation policies as well as landscape planning. Nevertheless, a variety of methods is used for ecosystem service value mapping, which lead to maps with a broad range of quality and accuracy. Still, little consensus has been reached on wh...

The assessment of hydrological impacts of climate change and their implications for water management across scales

Lobanova, Anastasia (2019)

The impacts of climate change can become a trigger for critical changes in the spatial and temporal distribution of water resources in many regions in Europe. This will lead from obviously negative effects in some regions to creation of opportunities in others. In the face of future changes: economic, social and environmental, both natural and triggered by anthropogenic activities, the effectiv...

Urbanisation modulates plant-pollinator interactions in invasive vs. native plant species

Buchholz, Sascha ; Kowarik, Ingo (2019-04-23)

Pollination is a key ecological process, and invasive alien plant species have been shown to significantly affect plant-pollinator interactions. Yet, the role of the environmental context in modulating such processes is understudied. As urbanisation is a major component of global change, being associated with a range of stressors (e.g. heat, pollution, habitat isolation), we tested whether the ...

By Night. An investigation into practices, policies and perspectives on artificial outdoor lighting

Meier, Josiane (2019)

This dissertation contributes to an emerging, interdisciplinary body of research that aims to better understand how and why artificial outdoor lighting is used, and what impact the individual and cumulative unintended effects of artificial lighting, generally subsumed under the term light pollution, have. By providing classifications and developing methods of comparative inquiry, it contributes...

Experimental characterization and simulation of lead surface reactions for application at geothermal conditions

Driba, Dejene Legesse (2019)

Scaling (=mineral precipitation) frequently occurs in geothermal power plants representing a problem for plant operation by reducing the flow-through in pipes or in pores of the reservoir rock. The availability of potential scale forming chemical components within the fluid is among other geochemical reactions largely determined by its distribution at the interface between fluid and rock. There...