Fakultät 6 Planen Bauen Umwelt

925 Items

Recent Submissions
Micro-scale variability of air temperature within a local climate zone in Berlin, Germany, during summer

Quanz, Justus A. ; Ulrich, Susanne ; Fenner, Daniel ; Holtmann, Achim ; Eimermacher, Jonas (2018)

The urban climate, especially the near-surface air temperature ( T ), is influenced to large amounts by urban surface properties on the local-scale. Landscape classification schemes, like the Local Climate Zone (LCZ) concept, classify neighbourhoods on this scale based on their surface properties, neglecting sub-scale heterogeneity in the urban structure and its potential effects on T . To quan...

A cloud recycling light

Werner, Liss C. (2017-09)

The paper focuses on the question ``How does our built environment, urban culture and architectural production change through humans feeding back into digital systems of pre-fabrication and systems fostering industry 4.0?'' It discusses some risks and possibilities of digitisation and the city in an era of sustainability, networked design methods, production processes and digital communica...

Development of numerical methods and approaches to simulate colloid transport and stream-aquifer interaction in heterogeneous natural soils

Zhou, Dan (2018)

Groundwater recharge and contamination are important aspects of groundwater resource management. Groundwater systems are typically constrained by the availability of field observations. Therefore, mathematical models are developed by hydrologists and hydrogeologists to provide a reliable description of the groundwater system for quantitative analysis and uncertainty forecast. However, many curr...

Die Umweltverträglichkeitsprüfung (UVP) in Syrien

Elsaleh, Abdelrahman (2017)

Syrien ist ein Land, das viele politische und wirtschaftliche Veränderungen (insb. in der künftigen Wiederaufbauphase) erlebt. Relevant sind sicherlich zahlreiche Umweltfragen und -herausforderungen. Somit sind Prüfungen verfügbarer Umweltvorsorge- bzw. Umweltschutzinstrumente und deren Effektivität von größter Bedeutung. Die UVP wurde in Syrien in der ersten Hälfte der 90er-Jahre eingeführt, d...

In quest of code

Werner, Liss C. (2015)

Architects who apply their generative modelling and scripting skills for creating virtual and prototypical spaces through the usage of algorithms and bespoke coding are increasingly confronted with an application in the real material world. The article suggests computational design strategies and two different architectural and urban prototypes for an era in which intelligent material, robotic ...

Phosphorus recovery from wastewater and sludge

Zhou, Kuangxin (2017)

Phosphor ist eine essentielle, aber begrenzte Ressource. Technologien zur Phosphorrückgewinnung wurden in den vergangenen Jahren weiter entwickelt und zum Teil großtechnisch umgesetzt, wodurch kommunales Abwasser und Klärschlamm als eine vielversprechende sekundäre Phosphorquelle angesehen werden kann. Deutschland ist bei Phosphor nahezu vollständig vom Import abhängig. Die neue, 2017 beschloss...

Institutional and fiscal policies for forest conservation

Wehkamp, Johanna (2017)

Tropical deforestation contributes to climate change and entails further environmental externalities such as biodiversity loss and soil erosion. Consequently, the preservation of the world’s remaining tropical forests is the objective of international and national policies. Preventing deforestation requires identifying the structural causes of deforestation. Reforms of political institutions a...

Editorial for Special Issue 'Systema' - Architectural ecologies: code, culture and technology

Werner, Liss C. (2015-10)

This special issue of ‘Systema’, presents eight contributions to the track “Architectural Ecologies: Code, Culture and Technology at the Convergence’ at the European Meetings on Cybernetics and Systems research (EMCSR) 2014 in Vienna. It describes one starting point of conversations about habitat, design, decision-making and digital operations from a variety of perspectives developed by archite...

Infrastructure and inequality: insights from incorporating key economic facts about household heterogeneity

Klenert, David ; Mattauch, Linus ; Edenhofer, Ottmar ; Lessmann, Kai (2016)

We study the impacts of investment in public capital on equity and efficiency. Taking into account stylized facts on wealth accumulation, we model agent heterogeneity through differences in saving behavior, income source and time preference. We find that in the long run, public investment is Pareto-improving and that it reduces inequality in wealth, welfare, and income at the same time, if it i...

Could resource rents finance universal access to infrastructure? A first exploration of needs and rents

Fuss, Sabine ; Chen, Claudine ; Jakob, Michael ; Marxen, Annika ; Rao, Narasimha D. ; Edenhofer, Ottmar (2016)

It is often argued that, ethically, resource rents should accrue to all citizens. Yet, in reality, the rents from exploiting national resources are often concentrated in the hands of a few. If resource rents were to be taxed, on the other hand, substantial amounts of public money could be raised and used to cover the population's infrastructure needs, such as access to electricity, water, sanit...

Introduction [to: Cybernetics: state of the art]

Werner, Liss C. (2017)

The Introduction to 'Cybernetics: state of the art' gives an overview of the contributions the first volume of the book series ‘CONVERSATIONS’. ‘CON-VERSATIONS’ is based on and driven by cybernetic principles. It engages with pressing questions for architecture, urban planning, design and infrastructure; in an age of increasing connectivity, AI and robotization; in an evolutionary state of the ...

CYBERNETIFICATION I: Cybernetics Feedback Netgraft in Architecture

Werner, Liss C. (2017)

During the last decades, architecture has changed its role from fetishizing and fertilizing objectification and objects alike towards glamorising the processing of relations, observations and materialization of the 'objectile'. Steering the design process in contemporary computational architecture through and with a variety of dynamic, interconnecting agents affords re-framing, reviewing, and r...

Local governance practices in so-called 'informal' urban neighbourhoods

Kummel, Olivia (2017)

The problem of rapid urbanisation and associated poverty is not new, but many people in urban areas around the globe, especially in countries of the South, still live under abject conditions. The inhabitants of these ‘underserved’ settlements do not always accept their circumstances; instead, they fight for improvements in their living conditions and organise themselves when the public institut...

Three-dimensional modeling of wind- and temperature-induced flows in the Icó-Mandantes Bay, Itaparica Reservoir, NE Brazil

Matta, Elena ; Selge, Florian ; Gunkel, Günter ; Hinkelmann, Reinhard (2017)

The Icó-Mandantes Bay is one of the major branches of the Itaparica Reservoir (Sub-Middle São Francisco River, Northeast Brazil) and is the focus of this study. Besides the harmful algae blooms (HAB) and a severe prolonged drought, the bay has a strategic importance—e.g., the eastern channel of the newly built water diversion will withdraw water from it (drinking water). This article presents t...

Untersuchung von Spannbetonkonstruktionen mit bildgebenden Ultraschallecho-Verfahren

Schulze, Sebastian (2017)

In den letzten Jahren ist die Entwicklung des Ultraschallecho-Verfahrens für die Anwendung in der zerstörungsfreien Prüfung im Bauwesen (ZfPBau) enorm vorangeschritten. Mittlerweile ist das Verfahren bei der Untersuchung von Stahlbetonbauteilen zu einem der vielversprechendsten für die Lösung komplexer Aufgaben herangereift. Automatisierbare Systeme und verbesserte manuelle Messgeräte haben zus...

At the frontiers of integrated assessment of climate change

Schultes, Anselm Johannes (2017)

Integrated Assessment Modeling is the prevailing paradigm for the assessment of climate change impacts, mitigation policies, and transformation pathways. Model results were a decisive impulse for the international community to commit itself to stabilize global warming at well below 2° C temperature rise. However, climate policies in place or pledged as of 2015 fall short of what science finds a...

Wissenschaft zwischen Lebensform und Karrierejob

Rogge, Jan-Christoph (2017)

Die These, die in der Dissertation entfaltet wird, lautet, dass mit dem wissenschaftlichen Beruf heute widersprüchliche Karriereanforderungen verbunden sind: Die traditionellen Sozial- und Organisationsideen der Wissenschaft sind noch immer wirkmächtig. Die Wissenschaft soll nach wie vor Lebensform und Berufung sein. Zugleich ist die Wissenschaft aber von einem Transformationsprozess erfasst, d...

Roles of organic-inorganic interactions in the generation of petroleum as exemplified by Lower Palaeozoic petroleum systems, Europe

Yang, Shengyu (2017)

The clay-rich Lower Carboniferous Bowland Shale (England) and the uranium-rich Cambro-Ordovician Alum Shale (Northern Europe), both deposited in marine environments, are characterized by dominating gaseous and aromatic compounds in pyrolysates. Therefore, the kerogens in both of these shales can be classified as type III from classical perspectives, which is not consistent with the depositional...

Erprobung experimentell basierter Evolutionsgleichungen für ein Werkstoffgesetz von Beton

Vogdt, Fritz (2017)

Versagenssimulationen von Betonbauteilen unter mehrdimensionalen Beanspruchungen sind bis heute eine Herausforderung. Eine Vielzahl bisheriger Materialmodelle ist aus theoretischer Sicht bereits für eine Simulation von Betonkonstruktionen bis zum Versagen geeignet. Häufig beschränkt sich ihre Anwendung aber auf die rechnerische Bestätigung bekannter Versuche, da sie einer belastungsartspezifisc...

Long-term monitoring of lakes in the northern central European lowlands using optical and radar remote sensing imagery

Heine, Iris Elisabeth (2017)

The glacial landscape of the northern Central European lowlands in Germany and Poland is characterized by a large number of lakes. These lakes fulfill important ecosystem services, however, they are sensitive to climate change, land use changes, and human impact. Very few of them are regularly monitored in situ. This thesis tests the potential of remote sensing imagery for the long-term monitor...