Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Main Title: Towards high-resolution first-best air pollution tolls
Subtitle: An evaluation of regulatory policies and a discussion on long-term user reactions
Author(s): Kickhöfer, Benjamin
Nagel, Kai
Type: Article
Language Code: en
Abstract: In this paper, an approach is presented to calculate high-resolution first-best air pollution tolls with respect to emission cost factors provided by Maibach et al. (2008). Dynamic traffic flows of a multi-agent transport simulation are linked to detailed air pollution emission factors. The monetary equivalent of emissions is internalized in a policy which is then used as a benchmark for evaluating the effects of a regulatory measure-a speed limitation to 30 km / h in the inner city of Munich. The calculated toll, which is equal to simulated marginal costs in terms of individual vehicle attributes and time-dependent traffic states, results in average air pollution costs that are very close to values in the literature. It is found that the regulatory measure is considerably less successful in terms of total emission reduction. It reduces emissions of urban travelers too strongly while even increasing the emissions of commuters and freight, both leading to a increase in deadweight loss. That is, the regulatory measure leads to higher market inefficiencies than a "do-nothing" strategy: too high generalized prices for urban travelers, too low generalized prices for commuters and freight. Finally, long-term changes in the vehicle fleet fuel efficiency are assumed as a reaction to the Internalization policy. The results indicate, however, that the long-term effect of emission reduction is dominated by the short-term reactions and by the assumed improvement in fleet fuel efficiency; the influence of the resulting route and mode choice decisions turns out to be relatively small.
Issue Date: 2016
Date Available: 1-Mar-2019
DDC Class: 380 Handel, Kommunikation, Verkehr
Subject(s): environmental externality
vehicle emissions
road pricing
first-best tolls
policy evaluation
agent-based modeling
Journal Title: Networks and Spatial Economics
Publisher: Springer
Publisher Place: Dordrecht [u.a.]
Volume: 16
Issue: 1
Publisher DOI: 10.1007/s11067-013-9204-8
Page Start: 175
Page End: 198
EISSN: 1572-9427
ISSN: 1566-113X
Appears in Collections:FG Verkehrssystemplanung und Verkehrstelematik » Publications

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
kickhöfer_nagel_2016.pdf1.2 MBAdobe PDFThumbnail

Items in DepositOnce are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.