Inst. Psychologie und Arbeitswissenschaft

185 Items

Recent Submissions
Calibration-free gaze interfaces based on linear smooth pursuit

Zeng, Zhe ; Siebert, Felix Wilhelm ; Venjakob, Antje Christine ; Rötting, Matthias (2020-02-26)

Since smooth pursuit eye movements can be used without calibration in spontaneous gaze interaction, the intuitiveness of the gaze interface design has been a topic of great interest in the human-computer interaction field. However, since most related research focuses on curved smooth-pursuit trajectories, the design issues of linear trajectories are poorly understood. Hence, this study evaluate...

Teammitglied oder Werkzeug – Der Einfluss anthropomorpher Gestaltung in der Mensch-Roboter-Interaktion

Roesler, Eileen ; Onnasch, Linda (2020-05-06)

Die direkte Zusammenarbeit von Robotern und Menschen gewinnt in privaten, kommerziellen und industriellen Lebensbereichen stetig an Bedeutung. Dabei findet diese Form der Interaktion kooperativ oder kollaborativ unter gemeinsamer Zielsetzung in unmittelbarer räumlicher und zeitlicher Nähe statt. Eine Möglichkeit, die Zusammenarbeit intuitiver und effektiver zu gestalten, bietet die Anwendung an...

Individual assistance during automated driving through driver modelling

Lotz, Alexander (2020)

The automotive industry has been following the objective of increasing assistance for improved usability and safety over the past decades. Currently, the focus of automotive development concentrates on implementation of automation, promising the possibility of vehicles holding temporary responsibility of the driving task, while the driver is free to focus on other tasks. However, especially in ...

The Influence of Distance and Lateral Offset of Follow Me Robots on User Perception

Siebert, Felix Wilhelm ; Klein, Jacobe ; Rötting, Matthias ; Roesler, Eileen (2020-06-03)

Robots that are designed to work in close proximity to humans are required to move and act in a way that ensures social acceptance by their users. Hence, a robot's proximal behavior toward a human is a main concern, especially in human-robot interaction that relies on relatively close proximity. This study investigated how the distance and lateral offset of “Follow Me” robots influences how the...

Systemergonomische Gestaltung in der Patientenversorgung

Stahl, Maria (2020)

Ziel der Arbeit ist die Entwicklung eines Vorgehenskonzeptes für die systemergonomische Gestaltung medizintechnischer Geräte. Die Konzeptentwicklung erfolgt in Anlehnung an den Problemlösezyklus des „Systems Engineering“. Die Analyse relevanter Lösungsansätze aus den beiden Disziplinen Arbeitswissenschaft und Medizintechnikentwicklung bilden die Grundlage für die Konzeptentwicklung. Das systeme...

The Impact of Situational Complexity and Familiarity on Takeover Quality in Uncritical Highly Automated Driving Scenarios

Scharfe, Marlene Susanne Lisa ; Zeeb, Kathrin ; Russwinkel, Nele (2020-02-20)

In the development of highly automated driving systems (L3 and 4), much research has been done on the subject of driver takeover. Strong focus has been placed on the takeover quality. Previous research has shown that one of the main influencing factors is the complexity of a traffic situation that has not been sufficiently addressed so far, as different approaches towards complexity exist. This...

Erwerb und Anwendung kausalen Wissens

Drewitz, Uwe (2020)

Wenn Menschen Vorhersagen treffen, Diagnosen stellen oder Erklärungen finden, greifen sie auf mentale Repräsentationen kausaler Zusammenhänge zurück. Dafür müssen diese Repräsentationen die Qualität und Quantität der subjektiven kausalen Erfahrung erhalten und für den inferentiellen Gebrauch verfügbar machen. Für die psychologische Theorie- und Modellbildung zum Erwerb und zur Anwendung kausale...

Dauerwahrnehmung und Nutzererleben in der Mensch-Computer-Interaktion

Trukenbrod, Anna Katharina (2020)

Im Kontext von Mensch-Computer-Interaktionen wird die Interaktionsdauer häufig als objektiver Indikator für die Effizienz oder die Verständlichkeit eines Systems genutzt. Die Dauer wird jedoch auch vom Nutzer subjektiv wahrgenommen. Vor diesem Hintergrund ist es das Ziel der vorliegenden Arbeit zu untersuchen, (1) wie Nutzer Interaktionsdauern wahrnehmen und (2) wie diese Wahrnehmung mit andere...

Performance metrics for ultrasound-guided needle placements, using a conventional monitor and an augmented reality head-mounted display

Rüger, Christoph (2019)

Purpose Augmented reality (AR) and head-mounted displays (HMD) are current subjects of investigation in medical practice. A commonly proposed use-case of AR-HMDs is to display data in image-guided interventions. Although technical feasibility has been thoroughly shown, effects of AR-HMDs on interventions are not yet well researched, hampering clinical applicability. Therefore, the goal of this...

Kosten falscher Alarme und Wirkpotentiale der Unsicherheitskommunikation am Beispiel eines Fahrerassistenzsystems

Platho, Christina (2019)

Die Aufgabe von Alarmsystemen ist es, Nutzer auf gefährliche Ereignisse hinzuweisen. Ihr zuverlässiges Funktionieren ist oft nicht gewährleistet. Gleichzeitig besteht die Tendenz, lieber häufiger grundlos zu warnen als Gefahr zu laufen, kritische Ereignisse zu übersehen. Dies führt jedoch dazu, dass Systemnutzer viel Mühe darauf verwenden müssen, die oft falschen Alarme des Systems zu überprüfe...

Annotated helmet use videos from Myanmar

Siebert, Felix Wilhelm ; Lin, Hanhe (2019-11-06)

These videos were recorded in the cities of Bago, Mandalay, and Pakokku in Myanmar in the summer of 2016 during a study on road safety related behavior of motorcyclists (http://dx.doi.org/10.14279/depositonce-8784). In a consecutive study (http://dx.doi.org/10.14279/depositonce-9250), a deep learning approach was used to automatically detect active motorcycles, the number and position of riders...

Anthropomorphizing Robots: The Effect of Framing in Human-Robot Collaboration

Onnasch, Linda ; Roesler, Eileen (2019-11-20)

Anthropomorphic framing of social robots is widely believed to facilitate human-robot interaction. In two subsequent studies, the impact of anthropomorphic framing was examined regarding the subjective perception of a robot and the willingness to donate money for this robot. In both experiments, participants received either an anthropomorphic or a functional description of a humanoid NAO robot ...

Prediction of driver lane-change behavior

Li, Xiaohan (2019)

Prediction of driver lane-change (LC) behavior is very important to avoid LC related traffic accidents. The aim of this dissertation is to propose a comprehensive framework, including experimental design, modeling, feature selection as well as evaluation, which can be implemented for prediction of driver LC behavior. The framework is designed to concentrate on highway roads. To this end, three ...

The Impact of a Mnemonic Acronym on Learning and Performing a Procedural Task and Its Resilience Toward Interruptions

Radović, Tara ; Manzey, Dietrich (2019-11-06)

The present study examines the potential impact of a mnemonic acronym on the learning, the execution, the resilience toward interruptions, and the mental representation of an eight-step procedural task with sequential constraints. 65 participants were required to learn a sequential task, including eight different steps which had to be carried out in a predefined sequence. 33 participants were p...

Adjustable automation and manoeuvre control in automated driving

Siebert, Felix Wilhelm ; Radtke, Fabian ; Kiyonaga, Erin ; Höger, Rainer (2019-08-23)

Current implementations of automated driving rely on the driver to monitor the vehicle and be ready to assume control in situations that the automation cannot successfully manage. However, research has shown that drivers are not able to monitor an automated vehicle for longer periods of time, as the monotonous monitoring task leads to attention reallocation or fatigue. Driver involvement in the...

Detecting motorcycle helmet use with deep learning

Siebert, Felix Wilhelm ; Lin, Hanhe (2019-11-06)

The continuous motorization of traffic has led to a sustained increase in the global number of road related fatalities and injuries. To counter this, governments are focusing on enforcing safe and law-abiding behavior in traffic. However, especially in developing countries where the motorcycle is the main form of transportation, there is a lack of comprehensive data on the safety-critical behav...

Cognitive state monitoring and the design of adaptive instruction in digital environments: lessons learned from cognitive workload assessment using a passive brain-computer interface approach

Gerjets, Peter ; Walter, Carina ; Rosenstiel, Wolfgang ; Bogdan, Martin ; Zander, Thorsten O. (2014-12-09)

According to Cognitive Load Theory (CLT), one of the crucial factors for successful learning is the type and amount of working-memory load (WML) learners experience while studying instructional materials. Optimal learning conditions are characterized by providing challenges for learners without inducing cognitive over- or underload. Thus, presenting instruction in a way that WML is constantly h...

A Cognitive Modeling Approach to Strategy Formation in Dynamic Decision Making

Prezenski, Sabine ; Brechmann, André ; Wolff, Susann ; Russwinkel, Nele (2017-08-04)

Decision-making is a high-level cognitive process based on cognitive processes like perception, attention, and memory. Real-life situations require series of decisions to be made, with each decision depending on previous feedback from a potentially changing environment. To gain a better understanding of the underlying processes of dynamic decision-making, we applied the method of cognitive mode...

Walking through Architectural Spaces: The Impact of Interior Forms on Human Brain Dynamics

Banaei, Maryam ; Hatami, Javad ; Yazdanfar, Abbas ; Gramann, Klaus (2017-09-27)

Neuroarchitecture uses neuroscientific tools to better understand architectural design and its impact on human perception and subjective experience. The form or shape of the built environment is fundamental to architectural design, but not many studies have shown the impact of different forms on the inhabitants’ emotions. This study investigated the neurophysiological correlates of different in...

Evaluation of a Dry EEG System for Application of Passive Brain-Computer Interfaces in Autonomous Driving

Zander, Thorsten O. ; Andreessen, Lena M. ; Berg, Angela ; Bleuel, Maurice ; Pawlitzki, Juliane ; Zawallich, Lars ; Krol, Laurens R. ; Gramann, Klaus (2017-02-28)

We tested the applicability and signal quality of a 16 channel dry electroencephalography (EEG) system in a laboratory environment and in a car under controlled, realistic conditions. The aim of our investigation was an estimation how well a passive Brain-Computer Interface (pBCI) can work in an autonomous driving scenario. The evaluation considered speed and accuracy of self-applicability by a...