Inst. Psychologie und Arbeitswissenschaft

167 Items

Recent Submissions
Evaluation of a Dry EEG System for Application of Passive Brain-Computer Interfaces in Autonomous Driving

Zander, Thorsten O. ; Andreessen, Lena M. ; Berg, Angela ; Bleuel, Maurice ; Pawlitzki, Juliane ; Zawallich, Lars ; Krol, Laurens R. ; Gramann, Klaus (2017-02-28)

We tested the applicability and signal quality of a 16 channel dry electroencephalography (EEG) system in a laboratory environment and in a car under controlled, realistic conditions. The aim of our investigation was an estimation how well a passive Brain-Computer Interface (pBCI) can work in an autonomous driving scenario. The evaluation considered speed and accuracy of self-applicability by a...

Mobile Brain/Body Imaging (MoBI) of Physical Interaction with Dynamically Moving Objects

Jungnickel, Evelyn ; Gramann, Klaus (2016-06-27)

The non-invasive recording and analysis of human brain activity during active movements in natural working conditions is a central challenge in Neuroergonomics research. Existing brain imaging approaches do not allow for an investigation of brain dynamics during active behavior because their sensors cannot follow the movement of the signal source. However, movements that require the operator to...

Anthropomorphizing Robots: The Effect of Framing in Human-Robot Collaboration

Onnasch, Linda ; Roesler, Eileen (2019)

Anthropomorphic framing of social robots is widely believed to facilitate human-robot interaction. In two subsequent studies, the impact of anthropomorphic framing was examined regarding the subjective perception of a robot and the willingness to donate money for this robot. In both experiments, participants received either an anthropomorphic or a functional description of a humanoid NAO robot ...

Identifizierung leistungsrelevanter Merkmale der Teamkommunikation in der Domäne Flugsicherung

Papenfuß, Anne (2019)

Die Arbeit von Teams ist ein Einflussfaktor auf die Leistungsfähigkeit des Luftverkehrssystems. In dieser Arbeit wird ein Ansatz zur Analyse der Teamkommunikation vorgestellt, um Teamarbeit und den Einfluss neuartiger Flugführungskonzepte in High-Fidelity-Simulationen zu erfassen. Hierzu wurde der Einfluss der situativen Faktoren Kommunikationsmedium und Erfahrung auf das Kommunikationsverhalte...

Introducing a multivariate model for predicting driving performance: The role of driving anger and personal characteristics

Roidl, Ernst ; Siebert, Felix Wilhelm ; Oehl, Michael ; Höger, Rainer (2013-08-15)

Introduction: Maladaptive driving is an important source of self-inflicted accidents and this driving style could include high speeds, speeding violations, and poor lateral control of the vehicle. The literature suggests that certain groups of drivers, such as novice drivers, males, highly motivated drivers, and those who frequently experience anger in traffic, tend to exhibit more maladaptive ...

The influence of time headway on subjective driver states in adaptive cruise control

Siebert, Felix Wilhelm ; Oehl, Michael ; Pfister, Hans-Rüdiger (2014-06-04)

There is no agreement on the relation between driving parameters and drivers’ subjective states. A linear as well as a threshold relationship for different subjective variables and driving parameters has been put forward. In this study we investigate the relationship between time headway and the ratings of risk, task difficulty, effort, and comfort. Knowledge about this interrelation may advanc...

The exact determination of subjective risk and comfort thresholds in car following

Siebert, Felix Wilhelm ; Oehl, Michael ; Bersch, Florian ; Pfister, Hans-Rüdiger (2017-02-04)

In this study the location of vehicle to vehicle distance thresholds for self-reported subjective risk and comfort was researched. Participants were presented with ascending and descending time headway sequences in a driving simulator. This so called method of limits of ascending and descending stimuli (Gouy, Diels, Reed, Stevens, & Burnett, 2012) was refined to efficiently determine individual...

How speed and visibility influence preferred headway distances in highly automated driving

Siebert, Felix Wilhelm ; Wallis, Fares Lian (2019-07-06)

While the introduction of highly automated vehicles promises lower accident numbers, a main requirement for wide use of these vehicles will be the acceptance by drivers. In this study a crucial variable for the acceptance of highly automated vehicles, the vehicle to vehicle distance expressed in time headway, was researched in a driving simulator. Research has shown that time headway distances,...

Patterns of motorcycle helmet use – a naturalistic observation study in Myanmar

Siebert, Felix Wilhelm ; Albers, Deike ; Naing, U Aung ; Perego, Paolo ; Santikarn, Chamaiparn (2019-01-11)

Developing countries are subject to increased motorization, particularly in the number of motorcycles. As helmet use is critical to the safety of motorcycle riders, the goal of this study was to identify observable patterns of helmet use, which allow a more accurate assessment of helmet use in developing countries. In a video based observation study, 124,784 motorcycle riders were observed at s...

Untersuchung elektrokortikaler Reaktionen auf die Exposition mit Ultraschall

Lindau, Alexander ; Weisskircher, Stephan ; Weinzierl, Stefan ; Gramann, Klaus (2016)

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The more the better? The impact of number of stages of likelihood alarm systems on human performance

Balaud, Magali ; Manzey, Dietrich (2015)

Responses to alarms involve decisions under uncertainty. Operators do not know if an alarm is more likely to be a hit or a false alarm. Likelihood alarm systems (LAS) help reduce this uncertainty by providing information about the certainty of their output. Unlike traditional binary alarm systems, they have three or more stages: each one represents a different degree of likelihood that a critic...

Decision-making and response strategies in interaction with alarms: the impact of alarm reliability, availability of alarm validity information and workload

Manzey, Dietrich ; Gérard, Nina ; Wiczorek, Rebecca (2014-09-16)

Responding to alarm systems which usually commit a number of false alarms and/or misses involves decision-making under uncertainty. Four laboratory experiments including a total of n=256 participants were conducted to gain comprehensive insight into humans’ dealing with this uncertainty. Specifically, it was investigated how responses to alarms/nonalarms are affected by the predictive validitie...

Do we really need more stages? Comparing the effects of likelihood alarm systems and binary alarm systems

Zirk, Anna ; Wiczorek, Rebecca ; Manzey, Dietrich (2019-06-19)

Objective: This research investigates the potential behavioral and performance benefits of a 4-stage likelihood alarm system (4-LAS) contrasting a 3-LAS, a binary alarm system with a liberal threshold (lib-BAS) and a BAS with a conservative threshold (con-BAS). Background: Prior research has shown performance benefits of 3-LASs over conventional lib-BASs due to more distinct response strategie...

Toward a framework for selecting behavioural policies: How to choose between boosts and nudges

Grüne-Yanoff, Till ; Marchionni, Caterina ; Feufel, Markus A. (2018-04-26)

In this paper, we analyse the difference between two types of behavioural policies – nudges and boosts. We distinguish them on the basis of the mechanisms through which they are expected to operate and identify the contextual conditions that are necessary for each policy to be successful. Our framework helps judging which type of policy is more likely to bring about the intended behavioural out...

Trust in highly automated driving

Stephan, Amelie (2019)

The automotive industry is on the verge of a new technology: self-driving vehicles. Such highly automated driving vehicles are more and more technically feasible, and corporations and research institutes all over the world are investing time and money to bring the once futuristic vision on the road. The technology is developed with the goal to release the driver from the manual task of controll...

Effects of Trust, Self-Confidence, and Feedback on the Use of Decision Automation

Wiczorek, Rebecca ; Meyer, Joachim (2019-03-12)

Operators often fail to rely sufficiently on alarm systems. This results in a joint human-machine (JHM) sensitivity below the one of the alarm system. The ‘confidence vs. trust hypothesis’ assumes the use of the system depends on the weighting of both values. In case of higher confidence, the task is performed manually, if trust is higher, the user relies on the system. Thus, insufficient relia...

ACT-R model for: A Cognitive Modeling Approach to Strategy Formation in Dynamic Decision Making

Sabine, Prezenski (2018-01)

This ACT-R model complements the publications "A Cognitive Modeling Approach to Strategy Formation in Dynamic Decision Making" and "Implementing Mental Model Updating in ACT-R". The model uses an exemplar-based and a rule-based Approach and meta-cognitive aspects. The model solves and auditoy categorization task.

Interactive learning of dynamic systems

Prezenski, Sabine (2019)

People who want to achieve a goal with a previously unknown technical system simply try it out and learn through feedback from the system how to use it. This is referred to as interactive Learning. To investigate the usability of such systems, elaborate user studies are carried out. Additionally, changes in the system require new studies. Cognitive models simulate the cognitive processes of use...

Full shift usage of smart glasses in order picking processes considering a methodical approach of continuous user involvement

Murauer, Cornelia Sophie (2019)

Smart factories, in which processes are partially or completely automated and digitalized, are the future. Automobile production is also currently undergoing said change towards ‘Industry 4.0’. While the degree of automation is very high in car body construction due to the use of robots, the degree of automation in logistics varies depending on the process. By contrast, in transportation proces...

[Book review:] Jozef Wilczynski (1983): Comparative Industrial Relations. London: Macmillan

Wilpert, Bernhard (1986)

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