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Main Title: Mapping recreational visits and values of European National Parks by combining statistical modelling and unit value transfer
Author(s): Schägner, Jan Philipp
Brander, Luke
Maes, Joachim
Paracchini, Maria Luisa
Hartje, Volkmar
Type: Article
Language Code: en
Is Part Of: 10.14279/depositonce-7672
Abstract: Recreation is a major ecosystem service and an important co-benefit of nature conservation. The recreational value of National Parks (NPs) can be a strong argument in favour of allocating resources for preserving and creating NPs worldwide. Managing NPs to optimize recreational services can therefore indirectly contribute to nature conservation and biodiversity protection. Understanding the drivers of recreational use of national parks is crucial. In this study we use a combination of primary data on annual visitor counts for 205 European NPs, GIS and statistical regression techniques to analyse how characteristics of NPs and their surroundings influence total annual recreational visitor numbers. The statistical model can be used for land-use planning by assessing the impact of alternative conservation scenarios on recreational use in NPs. The recreational use of new NPs can be estimated ex-ante, thereby aiding the optimisation of their location and design. We apply the model to: (1) map recreational visits to potential new NPs across Europe in order to identify best NP location; (2) map recreational visits to a proposed new NP in the west of Germany in order estimate monetary values and to show how visits are distributed across the site; and (3) predict annual visits to all NPs of 26 European countries. Total annual visits amount to more than 2 billion annually. Assuming a mean value per visit derived from 244 primary value estimates indicates that these visits result in a consumer surplus of approximately € 14.5 billion annually.
Issue Date: 2016
Date Available: 12-Jun-2019
DDC Class: 300 Sozialwissenschaften
910 Geografie, Reisen
Subject(s): ecosystem service modelling
recreational demand modelling
ecosystem service mapping
ecosystem service valuation
recreational visitor numbers
protected area
Journal Title: Journal for nature conservation
Publisher: Elsevier
Publisher Place: Amsterdam
Volume: 31
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.jnc.2016.03.001
Page Start: 71
Page End: 84
EISSN: 1618-1093
ISSN: 1617-1381
Appears in Collections:FG Landschaftsplanung und Landschaftsentwicklung » Publications

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